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CHEMICALS IN

THE
LABORATORY
S1 BIOLOGY EDUCATION - OFFERING A
Christine Apriyani 150361400023
Fitria 150341600926
Purwaning Rohmah 150341600847
Siti Nurhalizah 150341607130
Wisnu Tri Pamungkas 150341604200
Chemicals that exist in a relatively
large number in laboratories,
beside the amount which is large,
chemicals can also cause quite high
varieties of hazard, therefore in lab
management aspects of the
introduction of materials, handling,
and storage adahal things to watch.
There are several classifications for
chemicals that exist in laboratory
chemicals such as flammable,
oxidizing, explosive materials,
radioactive materials, corrosive
Flammable
materials(Flammable)

Flammable materials can be gaseous,


volatile liquid, or solid materials in the form
Flammablematerialhas the
characteristics :
Volatile (easy to evaporate)
Liquid vapor can causing fire
in normal condition
Liquid vapor can spread
around the room
Most vapors are heavier than
air so it tends to be on the
Examples of flammable
materials :
Solvents and reagents such as
Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid,
Acetone, Benzene,
Carbondisulfide, Ether, Ethyl
Acetate, Ethyl Alcohol, etc.
Organic materials such asAl,
Mg, Zn, K, Na, Ethylene gas,
EXAMPLES :
Solid benzene
Handling and Storage
Materials is forbidden to be heated directly
or stored on the hot surface.
Keep it in a place which has good
ventilation
Preparing it in minimum amount.Solvents
which are not used anymore, return it to
the original bottle
Provide fire extinguishers.When small fires
happened, use a wet cloth or sand.
When heating the chemicals, do not
exceed of its capacity
Do not waste flammable liquid into the
sink
Materials
Oxidizer(Oxidizing)

Ingredients and formulations marked with


the danger notation "oxidizing"
Characteristics
1. Easy to react with oxygen
2. Non-flammable
3. When reacting with
flammable substances, it
can be burned significantly
4. Normally inorganic
substances
The examples of Materials
Oxidizer
Chlorat, Perchlorat, Bromate,
Peroxide, Nitric Acid, Potassium
Nitrate, Potassium Petinanganat,
bromine, chlorine, fluorine and
iodine which reacts easily with
oxygen (under certain
conditions) that are grouped
into oxidisingagents.
Handling and Storage

Avoid to keep in hot storage


Prepare this materials in
minimum amount
Keep away from flammable
materials
Keep it safe with good ventilation
Control the materials regularly
Corrosive
materials(corrosive)

Corrosive substance is a substance that can


causing damage and permanent disability to the
tissues which is hurted by this corrosive
materials.
The touch between the skin and corrosive
materials commonly easy to realized so that it is
less harmful if compared with inhaled
toxins.Many of the ingredients that are not
corrosive but irritating to the skin and can cause
Characteristics :
Non-flammable liquids
Some of them are volatile
Destroy tissues in the human
body
Damage equipment which used
in the experiment
When the acid pH <2 and when
the alkaline pH> 11.5
The examples of Corrosive Materials
Nitric Acid, Sulphuric Acid, Hydrochloric
Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Acetic Acid,
Anhydride Acetate, Methanol, Perchlorat,
Ammonia, Bromine, Fluorine, Hydrogen
Iodide, Phenol, carbon-intensive, acidic
Format, Hydrogen Peroxide, Red
Phosphorus and Yellow Phosphorus, Metal
Potassium , Potassium Hydroxide, Silver
Nitrate and Sodium Metal.
Handling and Storage
Store in a corresponding passage and do
the controlling and supervision
Follow the rules of storage
Store in a laboratory in a minimum amount
Always wear safety equipment, such as
gloves, lab coats and goggles
Do not get spilled and when in contact with
skin, wash with soap and water
For every ingredient that can not be
washed with water, use emulsion cleanser
then wash with soap and water.
Explosive materials
(Explosive)

Some chemicals can explode when


mixed with air, although there is no air.
Chemicals can also be biodegradable
and usually accompanied by an
explosion when heated or mixed with
Things Explosion Triggers
The presence of flammable solvents
There is liquid air.Air can explodeif mixed
with elements reducing or hydrocarbons
There was dust.Dense dust from
combustible materials mixed with air
There are gases
There are peroxides
Examples of Explosive Materials
Nitric acid can caused an explosion if it
reacts with some solvents such as acetone,
diethyl ether, ethanol, etc.
+
Handling and Storage
Get used to conduct experiments in
the open place or in a fume
cupboard
Use in small amounts
Use the proper tools, such as thick
glasses, which a stable pressure
Observe from behind a safety screen
or wear safety equipment such as
mask
Control othe materials regularly
Toxic (Toxic)

This material under normal conditions or accident


conditions or under conditions of both can be
dangerous to life around it.
Characteristics :
There are various forms
Usually enter to the
body through the mouth,
respiratory and skin
Harmful to the body
It is Karsiogenic
The examples of Toxic
Substances :

Aniline, Benzene, Bromine, Chlorine,


Fluorine, formaldehyde, formic acid,
hydrogen chloride, antimony, arsenic,
barium, beryllium, boron, hydrogen
Cyanida, Hydrogen Peroxide, Iodine,
Nitric Acid, Nitrobenzen, phenol,
sulfur dioxide, metals, Chromium ,
Mercury (mercury), silver, and tin.
Handling and Storage
Use material while the nose is closed
or well ventilated
Use protection, such as goggles,
gloves, and lab coats
Bottles must always have a table and
stored in a locked cabinet
Wash your hands before leaving the
laboratory
Sprinkle sand or soil if the substance
spilled onto the floor until absorbed
Thank You