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PROCESS PLANNING AND

PRODUCTION PLANNING

PROCESS PLANNING
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Formal Definition

Process planning can be defined as an act of


preparing processing documentation for the
manufacturing of a piece, part or an assembly

Depending on the production environment can


be
Rough
Detailed

When process planning is done using a computer


: Computer Aided Process Planning or
Computer Automated Process Planning
Step-by-step operations in a sample part
Process Planning - Steps
Manufacturing a part to meet design specs.
Selection of initial block
Sequence of operations
Selection of machine, process
Surface finish
Quality
Tolerance
Hardness
Life
Cost
A Rough Process Plan
A Detailed Process Plan
PROCESS PLANNING
Therefore Process Planning involves
describing detailed instructions that
one uses to fabricate a part to
specification
Instructions include:
operation sequence; processes
tooling and fixtures to be used
inspection methods and gauges
graphical representations
Process planning contd.

Process planning involves a number


of functional areas of a
manufacturing enterprise
automated process planning
function has received the shortest
payback period of all CAD/CAM
technologies.
Process Planning and
CAD/CAM Integration

process planning (PP) provides the


link between CAD and CAM (e.g.
CNC)
PP function converts engineering
designs into fabrication instructions
thus automated PP is key to
CAD/CAM and of course, CIM
Another Example Process Plan
(Routing Sheet or Operation Sheet)

Part name Valve, Main Tank Date: 2/26/00__


Part no. 153241 Material: 1020 Carbon Steel
Revision AB
Planner The Big Guy
Operation Description Dept. Machine Tooling Setup Cycle
Code Time Time
10 Saw to rough length 041 114 12m 23m
20 Face to 1.875+ 0.005 043 102 G213 20m 11m
30 Drill and ream 3 holes 044 103 37m 8m
40 Mill pockets A and B 051 106 42m 15m
50 Mill profile 051 106 9m 24m
Notes:
1) May include more details (processing conditions, operators,
cost, etc)
2) Apply to all types of productions
QIn Manual Process Planning

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Summary- Manual Approach to PP
its use is still very widespread in small-
to-medium size companies, especially in
the aerospace industry
involves subjective judgments reflecting
personal preferences and experiences
plans prepared by different planners for
similar parts are usually not identical
very labor intensive ~ 40% of task
involves preparation of documentation.
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PROCESS PLANNING AND
PRODUCTION PLANNING

PRODUCTION
PLANNING