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TH ER M O D Y N A M IC A L

A N A LY S IS O F IC EN G IN E
U S IN G S EC O N D LA W O F
TH ERBy
Prepared M O D Y N A MGuide
IC SBy
Prof. Tushar gohil
Sudeesh
Patel(MT16HPE021)
Sameep
Meshram(MT16HPE01
6)
Ankush
Thakre(MT16HPE003)
INTRODUCTION

Internal-combustion engine-
An engine which generates motive power by the burning of petrol,
oil, or other fuel with air inside the engine, the hot gases produced
being used to drive a piston or do other work as they expand.
Analysis based on the second law of
thermodynamics is the concept of availability or
exergy.
Exergy is the portion of a given amount of energy is
available to produce useful work.
METHODOLOGY
Patterson and van
Wylen

1
Thermodynamic cycle simulation for spark ignition engines

2
Determination of entropy

3
Availability (exergy) for the compression and expansion strokes
Flynn

1
standard thermodynamic cycle simulation

2
Determine Entropy and availability

3
availability balance
Rakoupulos and Andritsakis

Experimental data to determine


the fuel burning rate
second law
of thermodynamics to deduce the irreversibility
rates
N ingxia Yin, Siqin Chang,
Zhaoping Xu and Jim ing Lin
PHYSICO-MATHEMATICAL
MODEL OF FPE
Analysis
EXERGY ANALYSIS OF THE
THERMODYNAMIC PROCESS FOR FPE

Exergy Value of the Fuel

Ex,fuel= 1.06 LHV


Availability of the
Subsystem s
Compressor Intercooler
Subsystem Subsystem
Analyticalm odel
Exergy Efficiency
Conclusions
Patterson and van Wylen

Exhaust gases(33%)
Combustion & heat transfer (33%)
Delivered
Work (33%)
Flynn

Fuel availability

Los
t
Delivered
Non-availability thr
De oug Work
Ex
54%
str h ha
46%
oy hea ust
ed t ed
26 tra 18
% nsf %
er
10
%
Rakoupulos and Andritsakis

Destroyed
Direct injection availability
21% to 31%

Destroyed
Indirect injection availability
24% to 29%
N ingxia Yin, Siqin Chang,
Zhaoping Xu and Jim ing Lin
Effects of compression Effects of expansion
ratio to exergy ratio to exergy
efficiency efficiency
REFEREN CES
Exergy Analysis of Ideal Thermodynamic Cycle for the Four Stroke
Free Piston Engine (FPE) By Ningxia Yin*+1 , Siqin Chang+ , Zhaoping
Xu+ and Jiming Lin www.rericjournal.ait.ac.th +
Patterson D. J.; Wylen , van G.: A digital computer simulation for spark-
ignited engine cycles; in SAE Progress in technology, Digital
calculations of engine cycles, vol.7, 1964.
Flynn , P. F.; Hoag , K. L.; Kamel , M. M.;Primus , R. J.: A new
perspective on diesel engine evaluation based on second law
analysis; SAE paper no. 840032, 1984 Rakopoulos , C. D.; Andritsakis ,
E. C.: Direct injection and indirect injection combustion irreversibility
analysis; Analysis and improvements of energy systems, edited by
H.J. Richter, Proceedings of ASME WAM, AES Vol. 30, pp. 17 32,
New Orlenas, LA, 1993
CO N TACTS

Sudeesh Patel
sudeesh.patel781@gmail.com
Sameep Meshram
meshramsamip@gmail.com
Ankush Thakre
ast25101993@gmail.com