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RMC

READY-MIX
CONCRETE

P.Sai Kishore
168W1D8710
CONTENTS

1)Introduction
2)History
3) Material Required for R. M. C.
4) Equipment Required in R. M. C & Mixing
Process
5) Comparison between RMC & Site Mix
Concrete
6) Merits And Demerits of R. M. C..
7) Test Carried on R. M. C.
8) Conclusion
RMC (READY MIX CONCRETE)

Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is a ready-to-use material, with


predetermined mixture of cement, sand, aggregates and water. RMC is a type
of concrete manufactured in a factory according to a set recipe or as per
specifications of the customer, at a centrally located batching plant.
HISTORY

The Idea of Ready Mix Concrete (RMC) was first introduced by Architect Jurgen Heinrich , he got
his patent of RMC in Germany in 1903.

In 1931, a RMC plant was set up for the construction of Heathrow airport, London. In the
mid 90s there were about 1100 RMC plants in UK consuming about 45% of cement produced in
that country.

In USA by 1990, around 72% (more than 2/3rd) of cement produced was being used by various
RMC plants. In Japan first RMC plant was set up in 1949. By 1992 Japan was the largest producer of RMC,
producing 18196 million tons of concrete.
Development in India

In India RMC plant arrived in 1950s and use was restricted to only
major construction projects such as, Bhakra dam was the first projects
were RMC was used. Later on RMC was used for other large projects
such as construction of long span bridges, industrial complexes etc.
The first RMC plant was set up in Pune in 1993.
Material Required for R. M. C.
CEME
The Cement Is One Of The Most Common Construction Ingredients Among Other Is Its Ability To
NT
Hold The Structure Together

AGGREGATES

Aggregates, Which Make Up Roughly 60% To 75% Of Ready-mix Concretes Volume, Are
Obtained From Quarries And Aggregate Banks.

WATER

The Amount Of Water In Concrete Controls Many Fresh And Hardened Properties Of Concrete Including
Workability, Compressive Strengths, Permeability And Water tightness, Durability And Weathering, Drying
Shrinkage And Potential For Cracking
ADDITIVES/ADMIXTURES

Additives Are Solid Or Liquid Chemical Substances That Can Be Added To Rmc Before Or During
Preparation.

FLY ASH

Fly ash is a by-product from coal-fired electricity generating power plants.

Fly Ash Is Used As A Supplementary Cementitious Material (SCM) In The Production Of Portland Cement Concrete.

The major utilization areas of FLY ASH areas under:


Manufacture of Portland Pozzolana Cement & Performance improver in Ordinary Portland Cement(OPC).
High volume fly ash concrete.
EQUIPMENT IN RMC PLANT

silos

Conveyor
belt
mixer

Screw
Holdig Hopper
conveyor
Transit mixer

Batching Plant
EQUIPMENT REQUIRED IN R. M. C.

1.Batching plant
2. Transit mixer

MIXING PROCESS

1. Transit Mixed (or "truck-mixed") Concrete


2. Shrink Mixed Concrete
3. Central Mixed Concrete
READY MIX CONCRETE
CLASSIFICATI GRAD APPLICATION
- GRADES OF RATI
CONCRETE
ON E O
ORDINARY M10 PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) e.g. Levelling course, bedding for footing, 1:3:6
concrete roads etc.
M15 PCC e.g. Levelling course, bedding for footing, concrete roads etc. 1:2:
4
M20 RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) e.g. Slabs, beams, columns, footing 1:
etc. (for mild exposure) 1.5 : 3
STANDARD M25 RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) e.g. Slabs, beams, columns, footing 1:1:
etc. 2
M30 RCC e.g. Slabs, beams, columns, footing etc.
M35 RCC e.g. Slabs, beams, columns, footing etc.
M40 RCC e.g. Pre-stressed concrete, slabs, beams, columns, footing etc.
M45 RCC e.g. Runways, Concrete Roads (PQC), Prestressed Concrete Girders,
beams, RCC Columns
M50 RCC e.g. Runways, Concrete Roads (PQC), Prestressed Concrete Girders,
beams, RCC Columns
M55 RCC e.g. Prestressed Concrete Girders & Piers

HIGH- M60- RCC work where compressive strength is required such as high rise
Comparison between RMC & Site Mix
Concrete

Consistent Quality- concrete is made


in high tech batching plants in a Quality is inconsistent because concrete is
computerized environment. hand mixed.
Construction in double quick time. Manual mixing is time
consuming. Projects take longer
time to finish.

No wastage of raw materials at site.


Everything is pre-mixed at RMC plants, High wastage of raw materials due to
based on Clients needs. manual mixing.
Involves the use of laborers for mixing the
No hassle of managing labor on site. concrete on site. Management of labor means
more time, efforts and money.

Safe work practices no disruption in the Highly unsafe. Unskilled and untrained laborers may
schedule. work carelessly resulting in dangerous working
condition
MERITS OF READY-MIX CONCRETE
Better quality concrete is produced in lesser time.

Elimination of storage space for basic materials at site.

Elimination of Procurement / Hiring of plant and machinery

Wastage of basic materials is avoided.

Labor associated with production of concrete is eliminated.

Time required is greatly reduced.

Noise and dust pollution at site is reduced.

Organization at site is more streamlined.


DEMERITS OF READY-MIX CONCRETE

Need huge initial investment.

Not affordable for small projects (small quantity of concrete)

Needs effective transportation system from R.M.C to site.

Traffic jam or failure of the vehicle creates a problem if the proper dose of admixture is not

given.

Labours should be ready on site to cast the concrete in position to vibrate it and compact it.

Concrete's limited time span between mixing and going-off means that ready-mix should be

placed within 90 minutes of batching at the plant.


Tests on Ready Mix Concrete

SLUMP TEST COMPRESSION


TESTING
CONCLUSION

very useful in cities where demand of concrete is very high and construction sites are in
congested areas where mixing on site is not possible. It is suitable for projects like Dam, Roads, Bridges,
commercial complex, Malls and all types of mass construction where time limit plays a vital role and
where demand is huge.