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Rapid impact

compaction

Presented by:
Meghana Reddy Varakala
CONTENT
:
INTRODUCTION
INSTALLATION SEQUENCE
APPLICATION
FEATURES AND CONSIDERATIONS
TECHNICAL SUMMARY
CASE STUDIES
CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTIO
N: system is a mobile carrier,
Rapid Impact Compaction (RIC)
dynamic densification, ground improvement method used
to compact and improve shallow to intermediate loose soil
and fill.
RIC is the fast and mobile version of deep dynamic
compaction.
The RIC system uses controlled impact compaction at the
ground surface where the rig hammers a heavy weight onto
the patented compaction foot to send dynamic compaction
forces into the ground.
Energy is transferred to the soil safely as the RIC foot
always remains in contact with the ground.
HOW IT WORKS ?
HOW IT WORKS?
INFLUENCE OF RIC:
WHERE IS IT USEFUL?

o Reduce liquefaction and


seismic-induced settlement,
increase bearing capacity,
reduce long term settlement
and collapse voids.
o Lower levels of vibration
with higher frequencies are
less damaging to existing
structures where Dynamic
Compaction cannot be used.
General:
ADVANTAGES
:
Cost efficient due to large production of 1,500-5,000m2/12h depending on compaction
requirements and site conditions.
Depth of influence up to 9m depending on the soil conditions. 4-6 meters for major
compaction effects, ideal for reclamation sites.
Flexibility to adjust grid spacings and foot diameter to cope with changes in local ground
conditions.
Increases bearing capacity for granular soils.
Reduces total and differential settlements.
Reduces the potential of soil liquefaction and seismic settlements.
Capable of operating in limited headroom or near vibration sensitive structures which restricts
the use of conventional Dynamic Compaction techniques
Compared to standard dynamic compaction:
4 times more energy efficient compared to dynamic compaction.
Able to work near/below the ground water table.
Limited vibrations (20mm/s at a distance of 15m).
Higher production rates.
Very competitive pricing.
CASE STUDY:
Project Site
Description:
Project Location:
Site located off Sheik Mohammed Bin Zayed Road, Dubai,
UAE.

Project:
134 villas are proposed to be constructed in the scope of
Jumeirah Park development project.

Site Soil Description:


In some areas, project site is comprised of loose to very
loose fine to medium-grained sand layer at a depth ranging
from approx. 1 m- 4.5 m below ground level.
Cohesive soils are not encountered in the project area.
Water table encountered at the depth of 0.5 m to 2 m below
ground level.
CASE STUDY
CONTD.

SITE SOIL
PROFILE:
CASE STUDY
CONTD.
FOUNDATION DESIGN CRITERIA:
The designer proposed that the bottom of footings be constructed at 1.0 m below the
existing ground level.
The design criteria for the foundation call for the use of square footing (2.5m * 2.5 m),
with 200kPa bearing pressure, while settlement should not exceed 25mm so as to
minimize differential settlements.
The bearing capacity and settlement criteria for 58 villas could not be met based on
the existing soil conditions.
This project is a design-build project and so the contractor had to explore several
alternatives to overcome the existing soil conditions.
CASE STUDY
CONTD.
The following alternatives were evaluated based on their cost and time,
because completing the foundation was on the critical path of the project
schedule:
1. Use of deep foundations such as piles instead of shallow foundations.
2. Increase the footing size to reduce the bearing pressure.
3. Improve the soil using ground improvement techniques for granular
material such as Vibro Compaction, Dynamic Compaction and Rapid
Impact Compactions.
CASE STUDY
CONTD.
Limitations of other soil improvement techniques:
The Vibrocompaction is not suitable for this project because the fines
content of existing soil exceed 5%
The dynamic compaction is also not suitable because the nearby existing
structures might be damaged due to vibrations.
Soil Improvement using RIC:
RIC method was selected among the evaluated soil improvement techniques
because it reduced the cost and time when compared to other methods.
CASE STUDY
Soil Improvement using RIC:
CONTD.
The RIC work was finished within three weeks for whole project area which is about (35,000 m2 ).
One Cone Penetration Test (CPT) was carried out at each villa location before the commencement of the
compaction to evaluate the soil conditions and to determine the needed degree of compaction to meet the design
criteria.
The sequence of RIC works involved in the following:
Step 1: Excavation to foundation level.
Step 2: Pre-treatment CPT testing.
Step 3: First pass of RIC, leveling.
Step 4: Second pass of RIC, leveling.
Step 5: Third pass of RIC, leveling.
Step 6: Level survey, post treatment testing.
CASE STUDY
CONTD.
Post Improvement Testing program:
Following the RIC work, one CPT per
villa was carried out to provide post-
treatment evaluation.
Settlement calculations were carried out
for the compacted 58 Villas using the pre
and post improvement CPTs.
RIC reduced the expected settlements by
an average of 45% for all villas to meet Figure above shows a comparison between
the pre and post expected settlements for the
the design criteria (25mm).
58 villas.
CONCLUSIO
RIC is a cost-effective technique of ground improvement.
N:
The project presented herein benefited from its use, essentially by meeting the design
criteria with a reduction in the foundation costs and construction time.
The cost and time to perform RIC provided a savings to the project versus the cost of the
foundation system without it.
Settlements calculations showed that the RIC method reduced the expected settlement by
an average of 45% which is significant.
RIC is considered to have less cost and more productivity when compared to other ground
improvement techniques such as Dynamic Compaction and Vibrocompaction.
It also, has less vibration effect when compared to dynamic compaction.
No known damage to nearby utilities has occurred at the time RIC was performed.