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_______ is a method used to reduce the

dehydration of sensitive fruits and vegetables


during the chilling process.

A. Vacuum chilling
B. Water chilling
C. Ice chilling
D. None of the above
As a liquid changes phase to a solid, its
entropy _______

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. constant
The vaporization process that occurs when
the vapor pressure of a substance is equal to
the atmospheric pressure is

A. Evaporation
B. Sublimation
C. Boiling
D. Condensation
In an isobaric process, changes in pressure
can be caused by changes in

A. Temperature
B. Volume
C. Density
D. None of the above
The component in the refrigeration cycle that
expands refrigerant is called the

A. Condenser
B. Metering device
C. Compressor
D. Evaporator
The volume of vapor that the compressor
must handle per minute per ton _____ as the
vaporizing temperature increases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Constant
Pressure drops cause the saturation
temperature of the fluid to ____.

A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remain the same
D. Decreases by 10%
Which of the following is not a
hydrocarbon refrigerant?

A. Propane
B. Isobutene
C. Butane
D. Inane
A mixture of two or more refrigerants is
called ____

A. Zeotrope
B. Halocarbon
C. Desicant
D. Absorbent
Which evaporator design incorporates
secondary surface heat transfer?

A. Bare tube
B. Finned tube
C. Embossed surface-plate
D. A and B
What type of forced convection unit
cooler is used in vegetable storage
applications that require a velocity of
approximately 120 m/min?

A. Low velocity
B. High velocity
C. Medium velocity
D. Standard velocity
What is the range of relative humidity
that can be maintained with a forced-
convection evaporator operating with a
15degree F TD?

A. 91-95%
B. 81-85%
C. 86-90%
D. 76-80%
_____ decreases the volumetric efficiency
of a compressor.

A. Increasing the suction pressure


B. Decreasing the suction pressure
C. Decreasing the discharge pressure
D. Reducing the clearance volume
Which power value is not affected by
changes in the compression efficiency?

A. Indicated power
B. Shaft power
C. Compressor power
D. Friction power
As the temperature of the evaporator
increases, the sonic velocity of the vapor
_____ .

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
The type of compressor that incorporates
a volute is a ____ compressor.

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Centrifugal
The resistance that a fluid offer to flow as
a consequence of its internal friction
forces is called

A. Viscosity
B. Pour point
C. Viscosity index
D. Lubricity
Reducing refrigerant migration during the
off cycle _____ oil foaming.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Has no effect on
D. Varies
Which of the following strategies will
reduce oil foaming in a system?

A. Pump-down cycle
B. Oil additives
C. Crankcase heaters
D. All of the above
As the altitude of a forced air-cooled
condenser increases, the surface area of
the coil or volume flow rate of the fan
must _______

A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remain the same
D. Vary
Reducing the design temperature of an air
cooled condenser _____ the amount of
heat it can reject to the ambient.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Will not change
D. Varies
Reducing the fouling in a water-cooled
condenser _____ its rate of heat transfer.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Will not change
D. Varies
The surface area of the tubes in a water-
cooled condenser must _____ if the LMTD
is less than the design value and the
saturated temperature is to remain
constant

A. Be increased
B. Remain the same
C. Be decreased
D. Vary
Chemicals are not added to tower water
to reduce -_____.

A. Algae
B. Foaming
C. Cycles of concentration
D. Bacteria
As the amount of saturated air drawn
back into a tower decreases, the tower
approach ______

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
As the cycle of concentration in a tower of
evaporative condenser increases, the
potential for scale formation on hot
surfaces _______

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
The ____ can only be effectively employed
in industrial processes that have relative
constant refrigeration load

A. Hand expansion valve


B. Thermal expansion valve
C. Automatic expansion valve
D. Electric expansion valve
The device used to minimize the effects of
a large pressure drop across the
evaporator is called an

A. Diaphragm
B. External equalizer
C. Internal equalizer
D. None of the above
The device used to transfer forces across
a sealed boundary is called a

A. Seat
B. Port
C. Needle
D. Diaphragm
The maximum operating pressure of an
evaporator can be limited through the use
of a ____ sensing bulb.

A. Liquid cross-charge
B. Straight gas charge
C. Gas cross-charge
D. B and C
As the amount of superheat in a system
using a straight liquid-charged sensing
bulb increases, the needle of the TXC ____
the flow of the refrigerant.

A. Increases
B. Does not change
C. Decreases
D. Varies
Which of the following is not a
consideration when
Selecting a cap tube for an application?

A. Condenser pressure
B. Heat of compression
C. Evaporator pressure
D. Flow rate of refrigerant
As the subcooling of the refrigerant
increases, the flow through a high side
float _____

A. Increases
B. Remain the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
Refrigerant piping is designed and
installed in a manner that ______

A. Minimizes refrigerant pressure losses in


the connecting piping
B. Ensures the continuous return of oil to
the compressor crankcase
C. Prevents liquid refrigerant from
entering the compressor during start-
up
D. All of the above
A receiver tank is used to _____

A. Hold the excess refrigerant during


lighter loads
B. Collect oil from the base of a riser
C. Separate liquid from vapor refrigerant
D. All of the above
Which style valve produces the least
change in the saturation temperature of
refrigerant flowing through it?

A. Globe
B. Check
C. Gate
D. Angle
Which type of low side pressure regulator
is used to prevent a compressor from
overloading?

A. Low side float


B. EPR
C. SPR
D. OROA
Which of these devices does not operate
in response to a change in its inlet
pressure?

A. EPR
B. ORI
C. SPR
D. A and C
Which of the following system
characteristics is not needed when
selecting the proper water regulating
valve for a water-cooled application?

A. The necessary flow rate of water


B. The condensing pressure
C. The available water pressure drop
D. Minimum ambient temperature
The device used in a control loop to
measure the controlled variable is called a
______

A. Controlled device
B. Controller
C. Summing junction
D. Sensor
Which type of control requires a controls
differential?

A. Throttling
B. Modulating
C. Two position
D. A and B
When the pressure on the high pressure
side of the system decreases below the
high limit set point ____ the control
differential, an autoresetting high
pressure control closes the control circuit
to the condensing unit, enabling the
compressor

A. Plus
B. Times
C. Minus
D. Divide
A hot gas bypass valve responds to
changes in the systems ____ pressure.

A. Liquid line
B. Discharge
C. Suction
D. None of the above
As the difference between the cut-in and
cut-out pressures increases, ________.

A. The range increases and short cycling


increases
B. The range increases and short cycling
decreases
C. The range decreases and cycling is
unaffected
D. The range decreases and short cycling
increases
As the load of a refrigeration system
increases, the on cycle of the compressor
_______.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Approaches zero
Intercoolers are devices used in direct
staged system to _______

A. Increase the temperature of the liquid


refrigerant leaving the condenser
B. Reduce the pressure of the liquid
refrigerant leaving the condenser
C. Reduce the pressure of the vapor
entering a higher stage compressor
D. Reduce the temperature of the vapor
entering higher stage compressor
The type of unit that incorporates several
stages of compression using different
refrigerants is called a ____ system,

A. Direct expansion
B. Absorption
C. Cascade
D. Direct stage
The weak solution in an absorber
develops in the ______

A. Evaporator
B. Absorber
C. Condenser
D. Generator
Highest pressure drop in a vapor-
compression refrigeration cycle occurs in
the :

A. Compressor
B. Evaporator
C. Compressor
D. Expansion valve
A residential refrigerator is similar in purpose
and operation to a commercial _______.

A. Walk in
B. Reach in
C. Display case
D. Self-service display case
Which of the following characteristics of early
refrigeration systems still applies to todays
units?

A. Bulky
B. Relatively expensive
C. Poor efficiency
D. All of the above
Mechanical refrigeration systems make it
possible to

A. Process, freeze, store, transport and


display perishable products
B. Make buildings inhabitable in the summer
heat
C. Develop new chemicals and other new
useful materials
D. All of the above
The air conditioning system for cabins on a
luxury ocean liner belongs to the _____
category.

A. Marine and transportation refrigeration


B. Commercial air-conditioning
C. Industrial refrigeration
D. None of the above
Which of the following microorganism is most
affected by the movement of air?

A. Mold
B. Enzyme
C. Yeast
D. Bacteria
The reproductive activity of microorganisms
is increased by

A. Lowering the temperature of the


environment
B. Increasing the temperature of the
environment
C. Decreasing the temperature of the
environment
D. All of the above
Which of the following is not a category of
refrigeration applications?

A. Domestic refrigeration
B. Commercial refrigeration
C. Industrial refrigeration
D. Transportation air-conditioning
Which of the following is not a method of
food preservation?

A. Refrigeration
B. Canning
C. Dehydrating
D. Grilling
Which of the following is not a step in
preparing vegetables for frozen storage?

A. Cleaning
B. Chilling
C. Coating with syrup
D. Blanching
Wrapping and refrigerating food products
extends the storage life

A. Meats
B. Fruits
C. Vegetables
D. All of the above
Which of the following devices should be
used to measure a pressure of 90 kpa

A. Pressure gauge
B. Compound gauge
C. Barometer
D. All of the above
Frozen storage chamber temperature set
points are usually _______.

A. 5 degree F
B. 0 degree C
C. -20.5 degree C
D. A and B
Which of the following variables is most often
maintained by a commercial air
conditioning unit?

A. Temperature
B. Air purity
C. Air motion
D. Humidity
A disadvantage of sharp freezing is the

A. Increase in juice losses upon thawing


B. Increase in the size of the ice crystals that
form in the food
C. Decrease in quality experienced by the
food during the freezing
D. All of the above
Which of the following sequences accurately
indicates the responses that occur when heat
is transffered from a gas?

A. Sensible heat of solids, latent heat of


fusion,sensible heat of vapors, latent heat
of vaporization
B. Sensible heat of vapors, latent heat of
fusion, sensible heat of liquid, latent heat
of vaporization
C. Sensible heat of vapors, latent heat of
vaporization, sensible heat of liquids,
latent heat of fusion, sensible heat of
solids
D. Latent heat of vaporization, sensible heat
As the pressure of a vapor increases, the
amount of work it can do to increase and its
enthalpy ______

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Constant
As a gas is heated in an isometric process, its
volume __

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Increase by 20%
The height of the mercury column in a
barometer placed on a mountain with a local
pressure of 13.5 psi will be

A. 25 inches
B. 698 mm
C. 93.1 kpa
D. All of the above
If air, hydrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide
undergo adiabatic expansion process having
identical initial and final values of pressure
and volume, which gas will do more work on
the surroundings?

A. Air
B. Hydrogen
C. Carbon dioxide
D. Oxygen
Boyles law states that pressure and volume
changes in gas process are ____ related.

A. Directly
B. Not
C. Inversely
D. Ideally
The refrigeration effect per unit mass of
refrigerant circulated ______ as the vaporizing
temperature increases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Increase by 20%
Which of the following process does not alter
the kinetic energy level of a substance?

A. Fusion
B. Adding sensible heat to solid
C. Adding sensible heat to liquid
D. Superheating vapor
Subcooling increases the _____ of the
refrigeration cycle.

A. Capacity
B. Mass flow rate
C. Refrigeration effect
D. Volume flow rate
The volume of refrigerant vapor compressed
per unit capacity _____ as the condensing
temperature increases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Increase by 10%
As a liquid changes phase to a vapor, its
enthalpy ______

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. constant
As the volume of an isothermal expansion
process approaches its final value, the rate of
change in the system pressure

A. Increases
B. Remains constant
C. Decreases
D. None of the above
Which of the following is not a form of
moisture loss from frozen food products?

A. Sublimation
B. Spoilage
C. Freezer burn
D. Dehydration
The COP and the efficiency of a refrigeration
cycle _____ as the vaporizing temperature
increases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Constant
Which of the following is not an industrial
refrigeration application?

A. Meat display cases


B. Ice manufacturing plants
C. Large food-packing plants
D. Creameries
The condenser is designed to transfer ______
heat to the condensing medium that was
absorbed in the evaporator

A. More
B. The same
C. Less
D. Constant
The freezing method that uses a brine to
directly absorb heat from the food product is
called _____ freezing.

A. Brine
B. Contact
C. Immersion
D. Blast
Which of the following factors is not used
to determine the toxicity of a refrigerant?

A. Exposure time
B. Concentration
C. The amount of refrigerant in the system
D. Its latent heat of vaporization
The approximate storage life of fresh
strawberries is ____

A. 5 to 7 weeks
B. 1 to 3 weeks
C. 7 to 10 days
D. None of the above
Which of the following vapor-compression
cycle processes is adiabatic?

A. Vaporization
B. Condensing
C. Throttling
D. Superheating
A medium velocity dry surface air-cooling
coil having a volume flow rate of 1,000
cfm would have a face area of ______ ?

A. 1 ft2
B. 3 ft2
C. 2 ft2
D. 4 ft2
As the volume of a gas decreases, its specific
gas constant

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Decreases by 10%
Vapors do not behave as ideal gases because
they experience

A. Friction
B. Volume
C. Temperature changes
D. All of the above
The heat of compression ______ as the suction
vapor becomes superheated.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. No effect
The heat content of a refrigeration cycle ____
when a liquid suction line heat exchanger is
installed.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Increases by 10%
As the value of SHR of a process
increases, the temperature difference
between the entering and leaving
airstream ________ .

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
Which type of brine is used in applications
where it may come in contact with food?

A. Calcium chloride
B. Propylene glycol
C. Baudelot
D. Sodium chloride
The component in the refrigeration cycle that
is used to store refrigerant is called the ______

A. Receiver
B. Metering device
C. Compressor
D. Evaporator
The final temperature of an isobaric process
decreases if the system work is a ______
quantity and the surroundings transfer heat
to the system

A. Positive
B. Linear
C. Negative
D. Nonlinear
What is the concentration of calcium
chloride by mass needed to obtain a
freezing (crystallization) temperature of
13 degree F?

A. 15.5%
B. 14.5%
C. 21.5%
D. Over 30%
The vaporization process that occurs at
temperatures below the triple point of a
substance is ______

A. Evaporation
B. Sublimation
C. Boiling
D. Condensation
Which evaporator circuit configuration is
less effective when used in dry-expansion
feed applications?

A. Single
B. Crossflow
C. Split
D. Counterflow
Pressure drops cause the specific volume of a
vapor to ________.

A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remains the same
D. No effect
As a gas is cooled in an isobaric process, its
volume ____

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Constant
The type of compressor that develops the
least amount of vapor pulses is a _____
compressor

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Centrifugal
The scale factor for hard water used in a
condenser with a water velocity of 4 ft/sec
is _____

A. 0.003
B. 0.005
C. 0.002
D. None of the above
An externally equalized valve should be
used whenever the pressure drop through
the evaporator produces a greater than
_____ change in the saturation
temperature

A. 1.2 degree F
B. 1.2 degree C
C. 1 degree F
D. None of the above
As the amount of scale on the refrigerant
tubes of an evaporative condenser
increase, the refrigeration effect of the
system ______

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
Which of the following is not a plant, animal
or fungi?

A. Mold
B. Enzyme
C. Yeast
D. Bacteria
As the condensing temperature of a
centrifugal system decreases the power
required by the compressor _____

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
Which type of metering device does not
require a critical refrigerant charge?

A. Low side float


B. Short-tube restrictor
C. High side float
D. Capillary tube
Which of the following does not decrease
the volumetric efficiency of a compressor?

A. Decreasing the discharge pressure


B. Decreasing the suction pressure
C. Increasing the compression ratio
D. Increasing the cylinder heating
A measure of the amount of water vapor
that can be absorbed by the atmosphere
under its current conditions is called _____

A. DB temperature
B. WB temperature
C. DP temperature
D. Relative humidity
Which of the following does not increase
the change of a compressor surging?

A. Increasing the discharge pressure


B. Increasing the suction pressure
C. Decreasing the compression rotational
speed
D. Decreasing the evaporator
temperature
If the required capacity of a coil is less
than its rated capacity the TD will?

A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remain the same
D. Vary
The type of compressor that has a single
reciprocating blade is a ____ compressor.

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Centrifugal
As a gas is heated in a an isothermal process,
its volume

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Constant
If the thermal capacitance of a process is
low, the control differential must be _____
to prevents short cycling of the
compressor.

A. Increased
B. Decreased
C. Changing the differential has no
bearing on short cycling
D. Identical
The polytropic exponent approaches one
when the change in the process _______
approaches zero.

A. Temperature
B. Volume
C. Pressure
D. Work
Oil foaming is a consequence of

A. Oil temperature
B. Refrigerant solubility
C. Refrigerant pressure
D. Oil viscosity
As the rotational speed of a rotary
compressor increases, its capacity ______

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
The ratio of the current partial pressure of
the water vapor in the atmosphere to the
saturation pressure of the water vapor at
the current DB depression is called the
______

A. DB depression
B. WB temperature
C. DP temperature
D. Relative humidity
Superheating ____ the possibility of sending
liquid into the compressor.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Does not affect
D. Fixed
Tower fill is not used to increase the _____

A. Surface area of the water


B. Time the water is exposed to the air
C. Velocity of the atmosphere
D. Tower drift
As the length of the tubes in a chiller
barrel increase, the pressure drop across
the inlet and outlet of the barrel.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
As the evaporator temperature of a
system using a straight liquid charged
sensing bulb decreases, the superheat of
the TXV _____

A. Increases
B. Remains constant
C. Decreases
D. Varies
Which of the following refrigerants is most
hazardous?

A. R-113
B. R-717
C. R-11
D. R-152a
A residential dehumidifier is an application to
the ___ category.

A. Domestic refrigeration
B. Commercial refrigeration
C. Domestic air-conditioning
D. Industrial refrigeration
Which of the following changes may
increase the flashing in a liquid line?

A. Increasing the subcooling


B. Increasing the pipe diameter
C. Decreasing the pipe length
D. Decreasing the line diameter
Which sensing bulb charge is used in low
and medium temperature applications
that do not require pressure limiting
characteristics?

A. Liquid cross-charge
B. Gas cross-charge
C. Straight liquid charge
D. Straight gas charge
The mass flow rate of refrigerant per unit
capacity ____ as the condensing pressure
decreases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. No effect
Which of the following systems has the
most complicated oil return system?

A. Direct staged
B. Ammonia absorption
C. Cascade
D. Lithium bromide absorption
Which of the following is not considered
when determining the pressure drop
available for a TXV?

A. Distributor
B. Changes in elevation
C. Refrigerant pressure
D. Filters
Which type of intercooler mixes the liquid
refrigerant from the condenser with the
discharge vapor of the lower stage
compressor?

A. Open
B. Dry expansion
C. Shell and coil
D. None of the above
A device used as a visual indicator of the
charge in a refrigeration system is a _____

A. Slight glass
B. Drier
C. Pressure switch
D. Strainer
Providing clean, filtered air for trouble free
operation of equipment and instrumentation
is a function of ______.

A. Industrial refrigeration process


B. Industrial air-conditioning process
C. Commercial air-conditioning process
D. Comfort air-conditioning process
An evaporator in refrigeration unit makes use
of which heat transfer modes?

A. Conduction
B. Radiation
C. Convection
D. All of the above
The mechanical efficiency of the
compressor ___ as the compressor load
increases _____.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
The difference between the saturation
pressure in the evaporator and that in the
condenser _____ as the suction temperature
decreases

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Constant
As fluids flow through a pipe, their potential
energy ____

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. No effect
Which of the following is not a disadvantage
of the refrigeration method of food
preservation

A. The process must begin very soon after


the fool is harvested
B. The vitamin content of the food is
maintained
C. The refrigeration process must be
continuous until the food is consumed
D. This method requires relatively expensive
and bulky equipment
Which of the following high-side pressure
regulators operates on an increase in
differential pressure

A. ORI
B. ODO
C. OROA
D. None of the above
If a compressor has more capacity than
the evaporator, the saturated suction
pressure will be _____ design conditions.

A. Greater than
B. The same as
C. Less than
D. Identical
The electric meter on a home or building
measures the amount of _______ that was
converted over the billing period.

A. Work
B. Energy
C. Power
D. None of the above
As the pressure drop across the liquid line
decreases, the refrigeration effect of the
cycle _____.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. No effect
The type of compressor that uses ring
valves is a _____ compressor

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Reciprocating
Which of the following conditions destroys
molds?

A. Exposure to ultraviolet lights


B. Lowering its temperature
C. Reducing the relative humidity if its
environment
D. All of the above
Which pressure regulating valve
maintains a low limit in an evaporator?

A. OROA
B. SPR
C. ORI
D. EPR
Which type of metering device is used in
heat pump applications?

A. Low side float


B. Short tube restrictor
C. High side float
D. Capillary tube
The saturated suction temperature used
in the selection of a compressor
corresponds to the pressure of the vapor
at the _____.

A. Inlet of the compressor


B. Evaporator inlet
C. Outlet of the evaporator
D. Inlet of the condenser
Which of the following is not a process
characteristic controlled in long-term storage
chambers?

A. Temperature
B. Air velocity
C. Humidity
D. Air purity
Which refrigerant is not used in the high
stage of a cascade system?

A. R-23
B. R-717
C. R-22
D. R-134a
Desicants are used to remove ____ from
refrigerants.

A. Oil
B. Moisture
C. Acids
D. All of the above
Discharge line lubricant separators are
not usually employed in systems _______.

A. Operating at low temperatures


B. Utilizing non-oil returning evaporators
C. Systems with a small range of capacity
control
D. They are used in all of the above
systems
Which method of compressor capacity
control does not produce a reduction in
condensing power requirements when the
compressor capacity is decreased?

A. Cylinder unloading
B. Multiple compressor
C. Variable speed drives
D. Hot gas bypass
The flow cycle for the refrigerant in an
absorption chiller is _____

A. From the condenser to the absorber to


the evaporator to the generator
B. From the condenser to the generator to
the absorber to the evaporator
C. From the condenser to the evaporator
to the absorber to the generator
D. From the condenser to the absorber to
the generator to the evaporator
Which of the following system changes
has the least effect on the flow rate
through a stationary short tube restrictor?

A. Rise in condenser pressure


B. Increase in subcooling
C. Decrease in evaporator pressure
D. Fixed condenser pressure
Which of the following evaporator feed
methods produces the greatest tube
surface wetting without the use of a liquid
pump?

A. Dry-expansion
B. Circulated refrigerant
C. Flooded
D. Overfeed
Energy added to a vapor is known as

A. Latent heat of vaporization


B. Superheat
C. Sensible heat of vapor
D. B and C
The type of compressor that uses
compliant gate rotors is a _____
compressor.

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Screw
Which defrost method is commonly used
small commercial applications where ice
forms on the evaporators surfaces?

A. Off cycle
B. Electric
C. Hot gas
D. All of the above
The refrigerant in absorber releases its
high pressure latent heat of condensation
in the ______

A. Evaporator
B. Absorber
C. Condenser
D. Generator
Which type of metering device has a
critical length dimension?

A. Low side float


B. Short tube restrictor
C. High-side float
D. Capillary tube
Which method of leak testing can be used
with hydrocarbon refrigerants?

A. Soap bubbles
B. Halide torch
C. Electronic detectors
D. A and C
As the saturation pressure of the refrigerant
in the evaporator increases, the refrigeration
effect of the process ______

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. None of the above
Which type of metering device can be
used in packaged air-conditioning units?

A. Short tube restrictor


B. A and C
C. Capillary tube
D. Low side float
Heat transfer that occurs primarily by
conduction is used for ______ freezing
processes

A. Air blast
B. Immersion
C. Indirect contact
D. All of the above
Which type of metering device can be
used in multiple flooded evaporator
applications?

A. Low-side float
B. Short tube restrictor
C. High-side float
D. Capillary tube
The change in kinetic energy of a gas process
_____ as the change in temperature of the
process path increases

A. Increases
B. Remains constant
C. Decreases
D. None of the above
Which of the following methods cannot be
used for oil level equalization between
multiple compressors operating in
parallel?

A. A crankcase pressure equalizing tube


along with an oil equalizing tube
B. Oil level controls on each crankcase fed
from an oil receiver
C. A single pipe located below the oil level
in the crankcases
D. All of the above
The type of compressor that uses slide
valves to vary capacity is a _____
compressor.

A. Roller
B. Scroll
C. Rotary vane
D. Centrifugal
Which type of metering device can be
used to create a check valve in a heat
pump system?

A. Low side float


B. Short tube restrictor
C. High side float
D. Capillary tube
Which fitting produces the greatest
pressure drop?

A. 90 degree standard elbow


B. 90 degree street ell
C. 45 degree standard elbow
D. 45 degree steet ell
The refrigerant in an absorber changes
from a vapor to a liquid in the ______

A. Evaporator
B. Absorber
C. Rectifier
D. Generator
The quantity of heat rejected as the
condenser per unit capacity per minute ___
as the vaporizing temperature in the
evaporator decreases.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Constant
The quantity of energy absorbed by a unit
mass of refrigerant in the evaporator is called

A. Capacity
B. Mass flow rate
C. Refrigeration effect
D. Volume flow rate
As a general rule, the external equalizer
connection is made on the suction line
approximately ________
Beyond the expansion valves sensing
bulb in the direction of the compressor.

A. 24 in
B. A or C
C. 60 cm
D. Neither of the above
Which of the following system
characteristics has the least effect on the
flow rate through a stationary short tube
restrictor?

A. Condenser pressure
B. Orifice size
C. Subcooling
D. Fluid direction
As the condensing temperature increases,
the cycles refrigeration effect ______.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. No effect
Which of the following is not a normal
function of lubricating oil used in
refrigeration system?

A. Develop hydrodynamic seal


B. Transport debris
C. Transfer heat
D. Increase wear
The saturation temperature of the water
vapor in the atmosphere is called

A. DB temperature
B. WB temperature
C. DP temperature
D. Relative humidity
The condenser of a commercial display case
that is located within the unit is called

A. Remote the unit is called


B. Local condenser
C. Integral condenser
D. B and C
During the compression process, the internal
energy of refrigerant vapor

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. None of the above
The mass flow rate of refrigerant _____ as
the saturation temperature of the
evaporator decreases.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Varies
The level of solubility of refrigerants in an
oil is a function of temperature and ____ .

A. Viscosity
B. Dielectric strength
C. Pour point
D. None of the above
Spiral belt freezing units are typically used
for _____ freezing processes.

A. Air blast
B. Immersion
C. Indirect contact
D. All of the above
The component in the refrigeration cycle that
has a negative heat transfer value is the

A. Condenser
B. Metering device
C. Compressor
D. Evaporator
The lowest temperature at which an oil
can flow is called

a. Viscosity
b. Pour point
c. Viscosity index
d. Lubricity
As the TD of the evaporator decreases,
the amount of moisture that condenses
on the coil surfaces ____________.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. fixed
Which of the following dry-expansion
evaporator configurations is most
efficient?

A. Crossflow with distributor


B. Counterflow with distributor
C. Counterflow with header
D. Crossflow with header
Which of the following is not a step in
preparing fruit for frozen storage?

A. Cleaning
B. Chilling
C. Coating with syrup
D. Blanching
As the amount of scale on the refrigerant
tubes of an evaporative condenser
increases, the amount of make up water
______

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
The entropy of a process in which an ideal
gas experiences a reductions in its internal
energy _____.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Constant
Which type of control requires a control
differential?

A. Throttling
B. Modulating
C. Two position
D. A and C
The specific heat of air is _____ that of
water

A. Greater than
B. Equal to
C. Less than
D. Proportional
A smaller temperature difference between
the refrigerant in the liquid line and that in
the evaporator_____ the mass flow rate of
refrigerant needed per ton of refrigeration
effect.

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Decrease by 10%
______ is one of the most common
applications of mechanical refrigeration.

A. Preservation of perishable commodities


B. Comfort air-conditioning
C. Industrial refrigeration
D. None of the above
A measure of the average thermal
intensity of the gas and vapor molecules
in the atmosphere is the ____

A. DB temperature
B. WB temperature
C. DP temperature
D. Enthalpy
Which of the following liquid chilling
evaporator types incorporates crossflow
heat exchange?

A. Double pipe
B. Shell and tube
C. Baudelot
D. Flooded chiller barrel
Which of the following refrigerant groups
denotes a more toxic vapor

A. A3
B. A1
C. B3
D. A and B
The COP of a refrigeration process ___ with
subcooling

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Fixed
Which of the following oils is not normally
used with HFC refrigerants

A. Plyalphaolefin
B. Napthenes
C. Alkylbenzenes
D. Polyglycosis
As the water temperature entering a
water-cooled condenser decreases, the
power drawn by the compressor _____

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Will not change
D. fixed
The temperature difference of a
watewater-cooled condenser is ______ that
of a recirculated water system.

A. Greater than
B. Equal to
C. Less than
D. Fixed
As an oil-miscible refrigerant mixes with
oil, the viscosity of the oil _____ .

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Fixed
_________ is a device used to remove acids
from a system after a burn-out

A. Receiver
B. Suction filter-drier
C. Suction line heat exchanger
D. Oil separator
Loss of food juices by osmosis is a
consequence of the ____ freezing processes.

A. Air blast
B. Immersion
C. Indirect contact
D. All of the above
An electric device used to reduce foaming
in a crankcase is a

A. Solenoid valve
B. Check valve
C. Crankcase heaters
D. All of the above
The component in the refrigeration cycle that
subcools refrigerant is called the

A. Condenser
B. Metering device
C. Compressor
D. Evaporator
The strong solution in absorber develops
in the ___

A. Evaporator
B. Absorber
C. Condenser
D. Generator
As the refrigeration load decreases, the
amount of refrigerant catering through-
flow receiver _______

A. Increases
B. Remains the same
C. Decreases
D. Varies
Eutectic filled plate evaporators have a
higher _____
Than evacuated plate evaporators.

A. Mass
B. Thermal acceptance
C. Holdover capacity
D. All of the above
Oil separators are used in systems where

A. Oil return is likely to be inadequate


B. Nonmiscible refrigerants are used
C. The amount of oil in circulated is likely
to be excessive
D. All of the above
When a service technician place his/her hand
on a suction line to check the operation of a
system, he/she is using which heat transfer
modes?

A. Conduction
B. Radiation
C. Convection
D. All of the above
The society that sponsors research on
refrigerants is called

A. ASHRAY
B. ASREA
C. ASHRAE
D. ARI
As the pressure drop in a liquid line increases,
the flow of liquid refrigerant _____.

A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Remains the same
D. Decreases by 20%
The rate at which the viscosity of an oil
changes as its temperature changes is
called ____

A. Viscosity
B. Pour point
C. Viscosity index
D. Floc point