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LEARNING

THEORIES
How the student learns
Introduction

Who? Me?

Courtney R. Pringle, BSN RN


MSN Education Instructor since
Spring 2017
Todays Objective: To review learning theories
Todays Goals:

1. Review Chapter 2
2. Answer questions
3. Online quiz due to Dr. Smith before
midnight tonight
Behaviorism

Learning- a change in the


method or frequency of a
behavior due to some
interaction with the outer
environment.
Behavioris
m Scientists
Skinner: examine the causes
of an action and its
consequences
Operant conditioning
Pavlov: introduce an
unconditioned stimulus to
bring about an unconditioned
response
Classical conditioning
Thorndike: learning is the
formulation of connections
between sensory stimuli and
neural impulses that are
identified through behavior.
Connectionism
Cognitivism

Learning a semi
permanent change in
mental processes or
associations.
Cognitivism

Bruners Cognitive Growth Theory as


children grow, they depend on an
array of modes of understanding
Gagnes Information Processing
Theory people pay attention to
environmental details, transform data
into information, & rehearse the
information to relate the new
information to that already known.
Social Cognitivism

All learning occurs in a cultural context and involves social interactions.


Banduras Social Learning Theory

Learning occurs in the environment


Requires observation, retention, and
motivation
Social Cognitivism

5 minute activity: Go to Dr.


Smiths Discussion Board to the
thread My Role Model
1. Take 1 Minute to think about a
person who you consider a role
model
2. Take 2 minute to post who,
what, and how you learned from
this person.
3. Take 2 minutes to read your
peers posts.
BREAK/ Q & A
We will continue at 0840
Humanism

Learning a personal
act to fulfill ones
potential.
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
Rogers Self-actualization
Constructivism

Learning- an active, contextualized process


of constructing knowledge through
experiencing and reflecting on the
experience rather than acquiring it.
Constructivism

10 minute Activity: Football versus


Baseball
1. Divide into 2 teams.
2. Team 1 will debate on why Baseball
is Americas favorite game.
3. Team 2 will debate on why Football
is Americas favorite game.
Brain-based Learning

Learning the active


engagement of
purposeful strategies
based on principles
derived from an
understanding of the
brain.
Brain-based
Learning
ACTIVITY: Share
concept map
assignment with a peer
Q& A time
Social & physical
engagement
Practice
Summary

What is learning? What is the


ideal way to assist students
in the learning process?
Scientists have answered this
question by testing and
developing many learning
theories to define learning and
developing the best methods to
reach students. It is imperative
to the graduate educator to
understand the many methods
researched and available to
reach students. There are many
types of learners and to be
most effective, educators must
have all tools available to
create an environment that
motivates the student learner.
Q &A
A brain-based learning method