You are on page 1of 22


Assessment Method :

Theory Practical

Quizzes 15%

Home Works 10% Lab Work 80%

Class participation 5%

Mid Term Exam 20%

Final Exam 50% Practical Quiz 20%

Total 100%

Theory Weightage = Practical Weightage =

Total Theory X 0.67 Total Practical X 0.33
SCL Plan

One among two assignments, as a group work with a self-learning

topic. Assessment can be through group presentation / VIVA /
evaluative discussions.

Peer Tutoring

Class participation assessment based on the student's participation in

the classroom discussions

Group discussion/tutoring sessions

SCL Resources: 1.
Student Centered learning
Measurement system

Measurement: is the
process of determining
the value of a physical
Measurement Systems:
is the means to
determine a
Elements of Generalized Measurement
Three basic parts :
Transducers /Sensors
Signal processor
Data representation Elements
Transducer/sensor: senses the input and converts physical
input variable into a proportional output.
Signal processor : changes the sensor output into a
suitable form for display or onward transmission to
control system.

Example functions:
Performs amplification,
Analogue to digital converter,
nonlinear compensation
The recorder (Data representation):
Presents the measured value in a visual way.

Four ways of presenting the data:

Analog meter
Computer monitor
Printed form
Store in flash drive, cd drive,harddisc
Example 1
Temperature measurement using
Example 2
Temperature measurement using
Loading effect

Loading Effect: The act of attempting to make the

measurement modify the variable is called Loading.

Examples :

1.Measurement using cold thermometer for a hot liquid(the reading is not correct due to loading )

2.Loading with an 3.Loading with a

ammeter voltmeter
Performance parameters of measuring system
Dead space
I. Accuracy :closeness of measurement compared
to the true value.
Percentage of full range of output or full scale
Example problems
1.An ammeter has a F.S.D of (0-5A)and an accuracy of 5 %.what is
the accuracy can be quoted for the current reading of 2 A?
2.An ammeter has a F.S.D of (0-5A)and an accuracy of 1 %.what is
the accuracy can be quoted for the current reading of 3 A?
3.An voltmeter is quoted as having the range of 0-10V and an accuracy
of 5% of F.S.D.what is the accuracy which can be quoted for a
voltage reading of 6V?
II .Range

Dead space /Dead band

III . Sensitivity

Example :thermocouple has a sensitivity of 20v/ oC

IV. Resolution Minimum change in input

required to detect the change
in output

ERROR = Measured value True Value
Random error Systematic error

Operating error Construction

Environmental error
on error
Stochastic error
Ageing error

Example problems
1. Example: A pressure measurement system is stated as having the
following characteristics. Explain the significance of the terms:
Range: 0 to 125 KPa and 0 to 2500 kPa. Accuracy: 1% of the displayed
reading. Temperature Sensitivity: 0.1 % of the reading per C.

2.A Hydrometer is specified as having a range of 600-650 Kg/m3 and an

accuracy of 0.5Kg/m3. Explain the significance of this data.

3.A thermocouple is specified as having the sensitivity of 0.03millivolt / C.

What does this mean?

4.A force-measuring system has a range of 0-200N with resolution of 0.1% f.

s. d. What is the smallest change in the force that can be measured?