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Belt Transmission

Used to transmit power from one shaft to


another by means of pulleys which rotate at
the same speed or at different speeds
Power Transmitted
The velocity of the belt
The tension under which the belt is placed

on the pulleys
The arc of contact between the belt and the

smaller pulleys
The conditions under which the belt is used
Power Transmitted
Flat Belt Case
Slack side

T 2

A B
T 1

Tight side

(T T ) v 1)
where:
P 1 2
75 P:Power in hp
T1:Tension in the tight side in N
T2:Tension in the slack in N
:Velocity of the belt in m/s
Power Transmitted
T1 T1
e or T2
T2 e
Substituting the value of T2 in equation 1
T1 1
(T1 )v T1 (1

)v
P e P e
75 75
1
(1 )
e
P T1 v C 2) where C
75
Power Transmitted

T1 T TC 3)

Where:
T:Maximum tension to which the belt can be subjected,N
TC:Centrifugal tension in N

Substituting the value of T1 in equation 2

P (T TC ) v C 4)
Power Transmitted
wv 2
TC Must be considered when the belt speed
g exceeds 2100 fpm

Substituting the value of TC in equation 4

wv 3
P Tv C
g
Power Transmitted
P
0
v

3wv 2
T 0 5)
g

T 3TC 0 T 3TC

Power transmitted is maximum when centrifugal


tension is 1/3 rd of the maximum tension
Power Transmitted

From the equation 5, the velocity of belt for maximum power

Tg
v
3w
Velocity Ratio
N A

N B

D D
A
A B B

Angular velocity When the thickness of belt


Linear velocity is considered

DA N A DB N B N A DB t

N B DA t
Slip
The slipping of belt is to reduce the velocity ratio
S1
v D A N A D A N A
100
S
v D A N A 1 1
100

S S S
DB N B v 1 2 DA N A 1 1 1 2
100 100 100

N B DA S1 S2
1 S1:Slip between the driver and the belt in %
N A DB 100 100
S2:Slip between the belt and the follower in %
Belt Type
Flat Belt, used to transmit moderate power,when
the two pulleys are not more than 10 m,frequently
be used for drives between nonparallel shaft
V-Belt, used to transmit great power, when the two
pulleys are very near to each other
Circular Belt or rope, used to transmit great power,
when the two pulleys are more than 5 m
Timing belt/Positive drive belting
Various Type of Joint
Belt Arrangement
Flat Belt Drive

Open Belt Drive

Twist or Crossed Belt Drive


Belt Arrangement

Quarter Turn Belt Drive

The Belt Drive with


Idler Pulley
Belt Arrangement

Stepped or Cone Pulley drive Fast and loose Pulley Drive


Timing Belt

Ex Belt : 225L075 Ex Pulley : 16L075


Length of pitch:225/10 Number tooth: 16
Widths: 75/100 or Widths: 75/100
Timing Belt
Advantages:
No slippage to cause speed variation
Teeth are designed to allow higher overall loading and
improve the stress distribution
Wide speed range
No lubrication requirements
Belt tension is reduced
Tooth configuration engages and clears each sprocket in a
continuous flow of quiet,smoothly transmitted power
Timing Belt
Constant angular velocity of the driven sprocket
No loss of speed caused by belt creep or slippage
No jerking or vibration
Wide range capacities
High mechanical efficiency
Low operational cost
Description V belt

Load carrying Bottom compression section


Cushion section Cover
Flexible top section
V Belt Type
V Belt Type

A50
Nominal length: 50 in
V Belt Type
Advantages:
The operation of the belt and pulley is quiet
Low cost
Smooth running
Can be used at high speeds and resistant to momentary
surges and overload
Requiring no lubrication
Inexpensive maintenance
Tension ratio for V belt is 5 to 10 times greater than a flat
belt
V Belt Type
Disadvantages:
The V belt drive cant be used with large

center distances
V belt arent so durable as flat belt

The construction of pulley for V belt is

more complicated than pulleys of flat belts


Sheave Dimension
For Industrial
Sheave Dimension
For Industrial
Sheave Dimension
For Industrial
Sheave Dimension
For Fractional Horsepower
Drive Installation
Make sure sheaves are clean, free of oil and paint
and free of sharp edges or burr
Install sheaves parallel and in line with each other
Provide adequate shaft movement for installing V
belt (table 8-4)
Use matched set of V belt
Make sure that proper tension is imposed on the
belts
Drive Installation
Tensioning Method
Automatic tensioning mechanism
Manual tensioning mechanism
Step 1
Determine the force required to
deflect one belt 1/64 in per inch of
span length
Measure the span length of the
drive
At the center of the span t apply a
force perpendicular to the span
large enough to deflect one belt on
drive 1/64 in per inch of span
length from its normal position
Step 2
Compare this deflection force with
the range of force in table 8-6
Tensioning Method
If it is less than the minimum recommended
deflection force, the belt should be
tightened
If it is more than the maximum

recommended deflection force, the drive is


tighter than it need be
Tensioning Method
Tensioning Method
Tensioning Method

Decreasing the sheave diameter by 10% or increasing


the transmitted power by 10 % result in a belt life
reduction of 50%
Maintenance
Tension
Alignment
Foreign materials
Belt wear (covers frayed, belt worn) replace all
belt in a multiple V belt drive, rather than only
part of them, with belts from one manufacture
Sheave wear(good condition) if there is 1/16 in or
more wear along one side of groove, poor belt life
will result