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Security Level: confidential

Huawei eRAN KPI


Introduction
(eRAN 6.0)

www.huawei.com

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Agenda

KPI System Overview

KPI Detail Description

Recommended KPIs

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KPI System Overview

LTE KPIs

Accessability Retainability Mobility Availability Utilization Traffic Latency Integrity

RRC Call Drop HHO SR Radio UL/DL Cell UL/DL Access Service
SETUP SR Rate ( Intra/Inter Network RB Traffic Latency UL/DL
ERAB (VoIP/ALL) Frequency) Unavailabil Utility Volume Throughput
Service
Setup SR ity Rate Rate Radio
Call Setup HO in SR Latency
(VoIP/ALL) Complete Bearer
Inter-RAT Interrupt
Call Setup Rate Number
HHO SR Latency
SR (VoIP/ALL)
(VoIP/ALL)

Radio Network KPI : Service KPI :


Focus on the radio network performance Focus on the user
experience

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KPI Attained Approach

In general, there are two approaches to define/attain KPIs:

By statistics /Counter:
Most of KPIs are attained by this approach, such as RRC Success Rate, HHO Success Rate

By drive test / Stationary test:


Some KPIs should be attained by drive test, such as Attach Latency, Handover latency

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Measurement Object for Counter

Each measurement result is related to a specific measurement object.


Counters are organized by Measurement Unit/Family.

Measurement Object

Measuremen Measuremen
Measurement Measuremen
t t
Unit 1 t Unit 2
Family 1 Family 2

Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter Counter


1 2 3 4 5 6 7

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Collection Method and Reporting Period
Collection methods (TS 32.403)

CC (Cumulative Counter), for example, Attempted RRC connection


establishments;
GAUGE (dynamic variable), used when data being measured can vary up or
down during the period of measurement, for example, Maximum E-RAB Setup
time;
DER (Discrete Event Registration), when data related to a particular event are
captured every nth event is registered, where n can be 1 or larger, for
example, Cell Unavailable Time, Mean E-RAB Setup time;
SI (Status Inspection), for example, Average Number of simultaneous E-RABs;

Reporting period

The measurement results are collected in a pre-defined reporting period, and


this reporting period, in general, is configurable at EMS, for example, 15mins,
60mins

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Basic Procedure of KPI Analysis

KPI Collection

Global KPI Analysis

Yes
Global KPI is good ?

No

Top-N Cell Failure


Analysis

Locate and Solve Top-N


Cell Problems

Finish

Page7
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Agenda

KPI System Overview

KPI Detail Description


Accessibility
Retainability
Mobility
Availability
Utilization
Traffic
Integrity
Latency

Recommended KPIs

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Accessibility (1) RRC Setup Success Rate

RRC Setup Success Rate (service)

The RRC setup procedure is trigged by different reasons as identified by the


establishmentCause field in the RRCConnctionRequest message: emergency,
highPriorityAccess, mt-Access, mo-Signalling, mo-Data, delayTolerantAccess-v1020.
The UE sets the establishmentCause and received by eNodeB. Causes except mo-Signalling
are categorized as service related ones, and the cause of mo-Signalling is categorized as signal
related ones.
This KPI evaluates the RRC setup success rate with service related causes in a cell or cluster.

RRC _ ConnectionSuccessservice
RRC _ SSRService 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttempt service

RRC Setup Success Rate (Signal)

This KPI evaluates the RRC setup success rate with signal
related causes (mo-Signalling) in a cell or cluster.

RRC _ ConnectionSuccessSignal
RRC _ SSRSignal 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttempt Signal

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Accessibility (2) Counter Mapping for RRC SSR

L.RRC.ConnReq.Att

L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ

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Accessibility (3) RRC Setup Failure Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Description


1526727083 L.RRC.SetupFail.ResFail Number of RRC connection
setup failures due to resource
allocation failures
1526727084 L.RRC.SetupFail.NoReply Number of RRC connection
setup failures due to no
responses from the UE
1526728269 L.RRC.SetupFail.Rej Number of RRC Connection
Reject messages sent to the UE
in a cell

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Accessibility (4) QCI Definition
LTE-SAE QoS Class Identifier

There are 9 QCIs defined in 3GPP TS 23.203. Each of QCI has its QoS requirements, and
each E-RAB will has the attribute of QCI.

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Accessibility (5) ERAB Setup Success Rate

VoIP ERAB Setup Success Rate

This KPI can be used to evaluate the ERAB setup


success rate of VoIP service (QCI 1 service) in a
cell or cluster.

VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupSuccess


VoIP _ ERAB _ SSR 100%
VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupAttempt

ERAB Setup Success Rate (All)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the ERAB setup


success rate of all services including the VoIP
service in a cell or a cluster.

ERAB _ SetupSuccess
ERAB _ SSR ( ALL) 100%
ERAB _ SetupAttempt

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Accessibility (6) Counter Mapping for ERAB SSR

ERAB Setup Attempt Counters

ERAB Setup Success Counters

ERAB Setup Attempt Counters

ERAB Setup Success Counters

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Accessibility (7) ERAB Setup Failure Counters
Counter ID Counter Description
Name
1526726717 L.E- Number of E-RAB setup failures due to no responses from the UE in a cell
RAB.FailEst.NoReply
1526728276 L.E-RAB.FailEst.MME Number of E-RAB setup failures due to faults in the EPC
1526728277 L.E-RAB.FailEst.TNL Number of E-RAB setup failures due to faults at the transport network layer
1526728278 L.E-RAB.FailEst.RNL Number of E-RAB setup failures due to faults at the radio network layer
1526728279 L.E- Number of E-RAB setup failures due to insufficient radio resources
RAB.FailEst.NoRadioRe
s
1526728280 L.E- Number of E-RAB setup failures due to security mode configuration failures
RAB.FailEst.SecurMod
eFail

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Accessibility (8) Call Setup Success Rate

VoIP Call Setup Success Rate (VoIP CSSR)

This KPI evaluates the success rate of the whole setup procedure for VoIP service
(QCI 1 service) in a cell or cluster, which mainly includes three phases : RRC setup
phase, S1 Signaling connection establishment phase and VoIP E-RAB setup phase:

RRC _ ConnectionSuccessService S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupSuccess


VoIP _ CSSR * * 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttempt Service S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupAttempt

Call Setup Success Rate (ALL)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the call setup success rate of all services including the
VoIP service in a cell or a cluster. This KPI mainly includes three phases : RRC setup
phase, S1 Signaling connection establishment phase and service E-RAB setup phase:

RRC _ ConnectionSuccessService S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess ERAB _ SetupSuccess


CSSR( ALL) * * 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttempt Service S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt ERAB _ SetupAttempt

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Accessibility (9) Counter Mapping for CSSR

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Retainability (1) Call Drop Rate
VoIP Call Drop Rate

This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop rate of VoIP service (QCI 1 service) in a cell or cluster, the
call drops happen when eNode initiate active ERAB (with data in buffer) release process by E-RAB
Release Indication or UE Context Release Request message with Cause field with abnormal reasons
(the cause other than : Normal Release, Detach,User Inactivity, cs fallback triggered, UE Not Available
For PS Service,or Inter-RAT redirection), and all of the other E-RAB releases are consider as normal E-
RAB release. VoIP _ ERAB _ Abnormal Re lease
VoIP _ CDR 100%
VoIP _ ERAB _ Re lease
Call Drop Rate(ALL)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop rate of all
services in a cell or a cluster, including VoIP service.
ERAB _ Abnormal Re lease
CDR( ALL) 100%
ERAB _ Re lease
Call Drop Rate(Always Online)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop rate of all the services, including the VoIP services, when
the always online state is active. In always online state, the E-RAB number of UE entering the un-
synchronous state from synchronous state will be considered for the KPI calculating.
ERABAbnormalReleaseOfAlwaysOnline
AlwaysOnline _ CDR 100%
ERAB Re leaseOfAlwaysOnline

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Retainability (2) Counter Mapping for Call Drop Rat
e

Normal and Abnormal release


Normal and Abnormal release
Counters based on the cause
Counters based on the cause

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Retainability (3) Call Drop Counters with Causes
Counter Counter Name Description
ID
1526728282 L.E- Number of abnormal E-RAB releases due to faults at the radio network
RAB.AbnormRel.Radio layer
1526728283 L.E-RAB.AbnormRel.TNL Number of abnormal E-RAB releases due to faults at the transport
network layer
1526728284 L.E- Number of abnormal E-RAB releases due to network congestion
RAB.AbnormRel.Cong
1526728291 L.E- Number of abnormal E-RAB releases due to handover failures
RAB.AbnormRel.HOFailur
e
1526728292 L.E-RAB.AbnormRel.MME Number of abnormal E-RAB releases due to faults in the EPC

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Retainability (4) - Call Setup Complete Rate
VoIP Call Setup Complete Rate (VoIP CSTR)

This KPI evaluates the call Setup Complete Rate for VoIP service (QCI 1 service) in a cell or
cluster, which means the rate of the VoIP service can be normally terminated once user do
the attempt to setup the service. And it can include 4 phases: RRC setup phase, S1
Signaling connection establishment phase, VoIP E-RAB setup phase and VoIP service E-
RAB release phase;
RRC _ ConnectionSuccessService S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupSuccess VoIP _ ERAB _ Normal Re lease
VoIP _ CSTR * * * 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttemptService S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt VoIP _ ERAB _ SetupAttempt VoIP _ ERAB _ Re lease

Call Setup Complete Rate (ALL)

The similar as upper KPI, this KPI will evaluate the success rate in totally for 4 phases: RRC
setup phase, S1 Signaling connection establishment phase, service E-RAB setup phase and
service E-RAB release phase;
RRC _ ConnectionSuccessService S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess ERAB _ SetupSuccess ERAB _ Normal Re lease
CSTR ( ALL ) * * * 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttemptService S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt ERAB _ SetupAttempt ERAB _ Re lease

Call Setup Complete Rate (Always Online)

The similar as upper KPI, this KPI will evaluate the success rate in totally for 4 phases: RRC
setup phase, S1 Signaling connection establishment phase, service E-RAB setup phase and
service E-RAB release phase (when the always online state is active);
RRC _ ConnectionSuccessService S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess ERAB _ SetupSuccess ERABAbnormalReleaseOfAlwaysOnline
CSTR ( AlwaysOnline) * * * 100%
RRC _ ConnectionAttempt Service S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt ERAB _ SetupAttempt ERAB Re leaseOfAlwaysOnline

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Retainability (5) - Counter Mapping for CSCR

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Mobility (1) Intra-LTE Handover (Out) Success Rate

Intra-frequency Handover Out Success Rate

This KPI can be used to evaluate the intra-frequency


handover out success rate in a cell or cluster.

IntraF _ HOOutSuccess
IntraF _ HOOut _ SR 100%
IntraF _ HOOutAttempt

Inter-frequency Handover Out Success Rate


This KPI can be used to evaluate the inter-frequency
handover out success rate in a cell or cluster.
InterF _ HOOutSuccess
InterF _ HOOut _ SR 100%
InterF _ HOOutAttempt

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Mobility (2) Intra-LTE Handover (Out) Failure Count
ers
Counter ID Counter Name Description
1526728285 L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MME Number of outgoing handover
preparation failures due to faults in the
EPC
1526728286 L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.NoReply Number of outgoing handover
preparation failures due to no
responses from the target cell
1526728287 L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure Number of outgoing handover
preparation failures due to handover
preparation failures at the target cell
1526728288 L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HOCancel Number of outgoing handover failures
due to handover cancellation
messages sent by the source cell

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Mobility (3) Counter Mapping for Intra-LTE HO SR

Handover Attempt Counters

Handover Success Counters

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Mobility (4) - Intra-LTE Handover In Success Rate

Handover In Success Rate

This KPI can be used to evaluate the handover in


success rate in a cell or cluster.

HOInSuccess
HOIn _ SR 100%
HOInAttempt

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Mobility (5) Intra-LTE Handover (In) Failure Counter
s
Counter ID Counter Name Description
1526728289 L.HHO.Prep.FailIn.AdmitFail Number of incoming handover
preparation failures due to
admission rejection

1526728290 L.HHO.Prep.FailIn.HOCancel Number of incoming handover


failures due to handover
cancellation messages received
by the target cell

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Mobility (6) - Counter Mapping for Intra-LTE HO In SR

HO in Attempt Counters

HO in Success Counters

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Mobility (7) Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate

Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate (LTE to


WCDMA)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the inter-RAT handover


success rate from LTE to WCDMA in a cluster.

IRATHO _ L 2W _ SuccessOut
IRATHO _ L 2W _ SRout 100%
IRATHO _ L 2W _ AttemptOut

Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate (LTE to GERAN)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the inter-RAT handover success rate from LTE to GERAN in a cluster.

IRATHO _ L 2G _ SuccessOut
IRATHO _ L 2G _ SRout 100%
IRATHO _ L 2G _ AttemptOut

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Mobility (8) Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate

Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate (LTE to CDMA2000)

This KPI can be used to evaluate the inter-RAT handover success


rate from LTE to CDMA2000 in a cluster.

IRATHO _ L 2C _ SuccessOut
IRATHO _ L 2C _ SRout 100%
IRATHO _ L 2C _ AttemptOut

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Mobility (9) Counter Mapping for Inter-RAT HO SR

B point , HO attempt, and


distinguish the target system by
an element targetRAT-Type in
the message

C point, HO Success

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Availability (1) - Radio Network Unavailability Rate

Radio Network Unavailability Rate

This KPI provides the percentage of time that a cell is unavailable in order to evaluate the
degradation of the network performance caused by the unavailable cells. It is calculated
based on the time of all cell unavailability in the radio network (cluster).

Where the {SP} denotes the reports period of counters, and the unit is minutes.

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Availability (2) Counter Mapping for RAN Unavailability Rate

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Utilization (1) DL/UL RB Utility Rate

Downlink Resource Block Utility Rate

This KPI evaluates the DL RB (Resource Block) utility rate of a cell or cluster.

DLRB _ Used
DLRB _ UtilityRate 100%
DLRB _ Available

Uplink Resource Block Utility Rate

This KPI evaluates the UL RB (Resource Block) utility rate of a cell or cluster.

ULRB _ Used
ULRB _ UtilityRate 100%
ULRB _ Available

The ULRB_Availbable and DLRB_Available are fix values, which can be calculated by system
bandwidth.

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Utilization (2) Counter Mapping for RB Utility Rate

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Utilization (3) Average CPU Load
Average CPU Load

This KPI is used to evaluate the CPU usage in busy hours. It indicates the system loading. The
CPU load is calculated by averaging the CPU usage ratio in the measurement period.

MeanCPUUtility

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Utilization (4) Counter Mapping for Average CPU Lo
ad

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Traffic (1) Active Users

Active Users

This group of KPIs consist of 6 KPIs, which are used to evaluate the user numbers which has the RRC
connection in the cell, the user numbers with uplink data in the buffer or with downlink data in the
buffer, and also give the average user number and maximum user number in a cell or cluster.

AvgUserNumber
MaxUserNumber
AvgUserNumber _ DLData
MaxUserNumber _ DLData
AvgUserNumber _ ULData
MaxUserNumber _ ULData

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Traffic (2) Counter Mapping for Active Users

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Traffic (3) Counter Mapping for Active Users

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Traffic (4) Counter Mapping for Active Users

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Traffic (5) Radio Bearers

Radio Bearers

The radio bearers KPIs consist of ten sub-KPIs, one is for the total of radio bearers and the
other nine are for nine QCIs. This set of KPIs can be used to evaluate the average radio bearers
in a cell or a cluster. The radio bearer for each QCI is based on the number of active RRC
connections for each QCI according to the QCI defined in the QoS information.

RadioBearers

RadioBearers _ QCI _ 1

RadioBearers _ QCI _ 9

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Traffic (6) Counter Mapping for Radio Bearers

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Traffic (7) - Traffic Volume

Downlink Traffic Volume

Similar to the radio bearers KPIs, the downlink traffic volume KPIs consist of ten sub-KPIs, one is for
the total of traffic volume for DRBs and the other nine are for nine QCIs. This group of KPIs can be
used to evaluate the DL traffic volume in a cell, which is measured at the PDCP layer excluding the
PDCP header

DLTrafficVolume DLTrafficVolume _ QCI _1 DLTrafficV olume _ QCI _ 9

Uplink Traffic Volume

Similar to the downlink traffic volume KPIs, the uplink traffic volume KPIs consist of ten sub-KPIs, one
is for the total of traffic volume for DRBs and the other nine are for nine QCIs. This group of KPIs can
be used to evaluate the uplink traffic volume in a cell. The KPIs are measured at the PDCP layer
excluding the PDCP header.

ULTrafficVolume ULTrafficV olume _ QCI _ 1 ULTrafficV olume _ QCI _ 9

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Traffic (8) - Counter Mapping for Traffic Volume

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Traffic (9) - Counter Mapping for Traffic Volume

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Service Integrity (1) Service Average Throughput

Service Downlink Average Throughput

This KPI consist of nine sub-KPIs mapped into nine QCIs (QCI 1~9), they evaluate the downlink
throughput of a service with a specific QCI per user in each cell, it reflects the end-user experience.

DLAverageT hroughput _ QCI _ 1 DLAverageT hroughput _ QCI _ 9

The total downlink traffic volume at PDCP layer of each QCI and total duration for transmitting them are
measured within a measurement period. Then the average throughput of each QCI is obtained at the end
of the measurement period.

Service Uplink Average Throughput

Same with the service downlink average throughput, this set of KPIs consist of nine sub-KPIs
mapped into nine QCIs (QCI 1~9), and the meaning is also similar with it.

ULAverageT hroughput _ QCI _ 1 ULAverageT hroughput _ QCI _ 9

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Service Integrity (2) Cell Average Throughput

Cell Downlink Average Throughput

This KPI evaluates the cell downlink average throughput when there are data transferring at downlink. It
reflects the cell capacity.

The total downlink traffic volume at PDCP layer of cell and total duration for transmitting which is
measured within a measurement period. Then the average throughput of cell is obtained at the end of the
measurement period.
CellDLTrafficVolume
CellDLAveThp
CellDLTransferTime

Cell Uplink Average Throughput

Same with the cell downlink average throughput, this set of KPI reflects the cell capacity, and the
meaning is also similar with it.

CellULTrafficVolume
CellULAveThp
CellULTransferTime

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Service Integrity (3) Cell Maximum Throughput

Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput

This KPI evaluates the cell downlink maximum throughput when there are data transferring at downlink. It
reflects the cell capacity. It is calculated based on maximum value of downlink traffic volume which are
transferred at each second.

CellDLMaxTrafficVolumeforEach1s (bit )
CellDLMaxThp
1000(ms )

Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput

Same with the cell downlink maximum throughput. It is calculated based on maximum value of
downlink traffic volume which are transferred at each second.

CellULMaxTrafficVolumeforEach1s (bit )
CellULMaxThp
1000(ms )

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Service Integrity (4) Counter Mapping for Service Average Thr
oughput

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Service Integrity (5) Measurement Principle for Throughput

Refer to TS 32.450

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Service Integrity (6) Counter Mapping for Service Average Thr
oughput

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Service Integrity (7) Counter Mapping for Cell Average Throug
hput

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Service Integrity (8) Counter Mapping for Cell Maximum Thro
ughput

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Latency (1)
Access Latency

This grouped KPI can be used to evaluate the latency of access phase.

AccessLatency_Attach

Defined as the duration from the time the UE


send AttachRequest message to the time the UE
send AttachComplete message message

AccessLatency_Idle2Active

Defined as the duration from (UE in idle mode) the


time the UE send RRCConnectionRequest
message to the time the UE send
RRCConnectionReconfiguration message

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Latency (2)
Service Latency

This grouped KPI can be used to evaluate the latency of a particular service, we can distinguish
them by different services, this KPI will be attained by drive test (or stationary test).
ServiceLatency _ Ping _ 32bytes
ServiceLatency _ Ping _ 1460bytes
Control Plane HO Interrupt Latency
This grouped KPI can be used to evaluate the control plane interrupt latency during the handover, we can
further distinguish them by different handover scenarios.

This KPIs is measured through drive test. Defined as the duration from the time the UE receives the
handover command RRCConnectionReconfiguration after MeasurementReport) to the time the UE send
the handover confirm message (RRCConectionReconfigurationComplete) .
ControlPla ne _ Interrupt _ IntraLTE _ HO
ControlPla ne _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2C
ControlPla ne _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2W
ControlPla ne _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2G

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Latency (3)
User Plane HO Interrupt Latency

This grouped KPI can be used to evaluate the user plane interrupt latency during the handover,
we can further distinguish them by different handover scenarios.

The user plane interrupt latency is different when observed at different layers, for example, at IP
layer or RLC layer or MAC layer.

This KPIs is measured through drive test. Defined as the duration from the last RLC layer
package received before the handover, to the first RLC layer package received after handover. It
can be observed in Probe.

UserPlane _ Interrupt _ IntraLTE _ HO


UserPlane _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2C
UserPlane _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2W
UserPlane _ Interrupt _ IRATHO _ L 2G

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Agenda

KPI System Overview

KPI Detail Description

Recommended KPIs

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Recommended KPIs

The recommended KPIs at this phase include:

KPI Class KPI Name


RRC Setup Success Rate (service)
Accessibility RRC Setup Success Rate (Signal)
ERAB Setup Success Rate (ALL)
Retainability Call Drop Rate (ALL)
Mobility Intra-frequency Handover Out Success Rate
Radio Bearers for Total and QCI 1~9
Traffic Downlink Traffic Volume for Total and QCI 1~9
Uplink Traffic Volume for Total and QCI 1~9
Service Downlink Average Throughput for QCI 1~9
Integrity
Service Downlink Average Throughput for QCI 1~9

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Performance Data Manager

The PRS is a platform used to manage mobile network


performance reports and analyze network performance.

(iManager PRS V100R006 Product Description V1.1)

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Customizing Reports

(iManager PRS V100R006 Product Description V1.1)

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Restrictions on Measurement Activations

The period of measurement on northbound interface should be consist


with southbound interface. So far, Huawei support 15minutes and
60minutes periods as default.

There is no restrictions on the number of NE objects, measurement


objects for 15minutes and 60minutes measurement periods. M2000 can
provide all measurement results of all managed NEs via northbound
performance file interface.

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nges
l ogy Cha
o
Techn s ts
i o n L a
un i c a t
Co m m

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