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By Don
Tablet Friability
Tablets are constantly subjected to
mechanical shocks & aberration during
the manufacturing, packing and
transportation process.
Such stress can lead to capping,
aberration or eve breakage of the
It is there fore important that the tablet
is formulated to withstand such stress
Tablet Friability
order to monitor the resistance of
tablets to such stress and to decide on
their suitability for further processing
such as coating, tablets are routinely
subjected to friability test
Friability Test
is defined as the % of weight
loss by tablets due to mechanical action
during the test. Tablets are weighing
before and after testing and friability is
expressed as a percentage loss on pre
test tablet weight.

refers the ability of the
compressed tablet to avoid fracture and
breaking during transport
Friability Test
is closely related to tablet
harness and is designed to evaluate
the ability of the tablet to with stand
aberration in packing, Handling and

is usually measured by the
use of Roche fibrilator or tumbler test.
Friability Test
A number of tablets (20 Nos.) are weighed
and placed in the apparatus where they
are exposed to rolling and repeated
shocks as they fall 6 inches in each turn
within the apparatus. After 4 minutes of
this treatment or 100 revolutions the
tablets are weighed and the weight
compared with initial weight. The loss due
to abrasion is a measure of tablet friability.
The value is expressed in percentage.
Friability Test
Minimum weight loss of the tablet
should not be NMT 1%.
There should not be any broken tablet.
The resistance of tablets to
capping,aberation or breakage under
conditions of storage, transportation
and handling before usage depends on
its hardness.

Hardness is nothing but crushing

Iftablet is too hard, it may not
disintegrate in the required period of
time and will fail dissolution test

Iftablet is too soft it may not be able

to withstand handling during
subsequent processing such as coating
or packaging and shipping operations.
Theforce required to break tablet is
measured in kilograms and a crushing
strength of 4 KG is usually considered to be
the minimum for satisfactory tablets.

Oraltablets normally have a hardness of 4-

10kg,However hypodermic and chewable
tablets are usually much softer (3 kg) and
some substained release tablets are much
harder 10-20 kg.
Tablethardness has been associated
with tablet property such as density and

Hardness generally increase with normal

storage of tablets & depends on the
shape, chemical properties, binding
agent & pressure applied during
Hardness is expressed in Newton.

Hardness can also expressed in Kpa.

Active absorption of oral dosage forms
depends on adequate release of the API
from the product. Dissolution or
solubility of the API play pivotal role in
this aspect.

Dissolution testing is used as a tool to

identify a crucial effect in the
bioavailability of the API.