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PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH

CAIR
Dr. Sutanto, M.Si
FMIPA Unpak
2016
Air limbah atau Limbah cair adalah
sisa dari suatu usaha dan/atau
kegiatan yang berwujud cair.No: 5 tahun 2014
PermanLH

Limbah mengandung bahan pencemar


yang bersifat racun dan berbahaya.

Pengolahan air limbah bertujuan untuk


menghilangkan/ menurunkan kandungan
bahan pencemar (polutan) air limbah
sehingga memenuhi baku mutu dan aman
jika air limbah dibuang ke lingkungan
JENIS INDUSTRI DAN ATAU YANG
MENGHASILKAN LIMBAH CAIR
Karakteristik Limbah Cair
Kandungan polutan organik
pH
Kekeruhan
Warna
Kandungan logam berbahaya
Parameter Penting Limbah
Cair
Bau
Warna
Kekeruhan
TSS
DO
BOD
COD
pH
Kandungan zat kimia tertentu
Dll (sesuai karakteristik industri/kegiatan)
Tahapan/jenis Pengolahan Limbah
Cair

1. Pengolahan Fisika
2. Pengolahan Kimia
3. Pengolahan Biologi
4. Kombinasi berbagai cara
pengolahan
Pengolahan Fisika
Koagulasi dan flokulasi
Sedimentasi /floating
Filtrasi
Aerasi
Adsorbsi
Foto katalis
Intake
The intake screens prevent debris from entering the treatment facility. The
screens are located off the bottom of the river to avoid bringing sediments
into the treatment plant and below the surface to avoid bringing oils or other
floating material into the treatment plant.
Aeration
Aeration process involves bringing air to contact with water to transfer
volatile substances from the liquid to the gaseous phase, thus increase the
dissolved air in water. It will improve taste and odor and also oxidize iron and
manganese.
Coagulation and Flocculation
Chemical coagulants are added to react with the remaining small particles in
the water to form particles large enough to settle out. Rapid mixing
distributes the coagulant evenly throughout the water. While, flocculation
basins gently mix the water with large submerged paddles so smaller
particles collide to form large particles called "floc".
Sedimentation
Sedimentation is physical treatment process that utilizes gravity
to separated suspended solid from water. Floc settles by gravity
to the bottom of a sedimentation basin. Then, clean water spills
over to the filters.
Filtration
Filtration removes any remaining particles that carried over after
sedimentation. The force of gravity moves the water through
filter media usually, sand.
Disinfection
Chlorine adds to prevent bacterial contamination as the treated
water flows through the distribution system to customers.
Fluoridation
Addition of fluoride to prevent dental caries and tooth decay
PH Correction
Adjusted pH to be 7.0 at the outlet of contact tank by adding
lime.
Thank
You