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NT Survey I

Gospel of Mark
Matthews Use of the Old
The formula: that what was spoken through
the prophet might be fulfilled or something
Not always a simple prediction and fulfillment
(see Biblical Meaning of Fulfillment by
Charles H. Dyer). Matthews meaning must
be determined by context both in the OT and
the NT.
Out of Egypt did I call my Son (Hos 11:1-2 in
Matt 2:15).
Rachel weeping for her children (Jer 31:15 in
Matt 2:16-18).
Jesus triumphal entry into Jerusalem (Zech 9:9 in
Matt 21:4-5).
Introductory Matters for Gospel
of Mark
Author: John (aka Mark), a close associate
of the Apostle Peter. He was a cousin of
Barnabas (Col. 4:10) who accompanied
Paul and Barnabas on Pauls first
missionary journey (Acts 12:25; 13:5).
Date: 64 68 AD
Audience: Gentiles, primarily Romans.
Character: a brief but fast-paced
(immediately is used some 42 times)
narrative of the life of Christ.
Major Themes in Mark
Jesus Christ
His works (and not so much His teaching)
His authority over disease, demons and
Satan, physical needs, the elements of nature,
and even death itself
His role as a servant (Mark 10:45)
His nature as both Son of Man and Son of God
The Gospel
Kingdom of God
Opposition to Jesus
Geographic Areas of Marks
Survey of Mark
The Presentation of the Lords Servant (1:1-13)
Mark skips over the early events of Jesus life and opens his
gospel with the preparatory ministry of John the Baptist, followed
by the baptism and temptation of Christ.
The Manifestation of the Lords Servant (1:14 3:6)
After John is taken into custody, Jesus begins His public ministry
in the region of Galilee. His ministry includes proclaiming the
gospel, healing the sick, and casting out demons. He is opposed
by the Pharisees when He forgives sins (2:5) and does what they
deem is unlawful on the Sabbath (3:6).
The Opposition to the Lords Servant (3:7 8:13)
Jesus popularity is on the rise (3:7-10), but so is the opposition to
Him by Israels leaders, who claim He casts out demons by the
ruler of the demons (3:22).
Jesus appoints the 12 to work with Him in His ministry of
proclamation and works of power.
Because of the rising opposition, He begins to teach in parables
He stills a storm, heals the Gadarene demoniac and
hemorrhaging woman, and raises Jairus daughter from the dead.
Returning to Nazareth, He marvels at the peoples unbelief. He
sends the twelve out, miraculously feeds 5000, walks on the Sea
of Galilee and calms the wind, heals a demon-possessed girl, and
feeds another multitude of 4000.
Despite these great works of power, the Pharisees continue to
argue with Him (8:11).
Survey of Mark
The Instruction to the Disciples in View of the Opposition (8:14
Upon bringing the disciples to a clear understanding of who He
was, Jesus began teaching them about His future death and
resurrection (8:27-31; 9:31-32).
He is transfigured before Peter, James, and John, giving them a
glimpse of His future glory. He is confronted by the Pharisees on
the legitimacy of divorce, and teaches on the difficulty of a rich
man entering the kingdom.
As Jesus and the disciples head toward Jerusalem, He again
instructs them about His imminent death (10:32-34) and on
greatness in his kingdom (10:42-45).
The Rejection of the Lords Servant (11:1 15:47)
Jesus enters Jerusalem on a colt and is hailed as the Messiah.
He cleanses the temple for the second time, and is asked by the
Pharisees about the source of His authority.
He teaches in parables and continues to confront the religious
leaders on their misunderstanding of Gods Word.
He predicts the destruction of the Temple in His Olivet Discourse
Jesus and His disciples share the Last Supper, He prays in the
Garden of Gethsemane, is betrayed, arrested, tried, and crucified.
The Resurrection of the Lords Servant (16:1-20)
Mary, Mary, and Salome go to properly anoint the body and find
the stone rolled away and the tomb empty.
Purpose Statement for Mark
Mark writes to Gentiles to
demonstrate by His miraculous works
and authority that Jesus is the Christ
and ought to be followed.
Next Week: Gospel of Luke