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SOMETIPSON

PRESENTATION
Yourpresentationshouldhaveclearbeginning,
themainpartandtheending.
Youshouldstartbyintroducingthetopicand
slowlymoveontothemainpartoftheterm
paper.
Finally,youshouldwrapthingsupinashort
conclusion.
Itshouldlast35minutes.

DONTEXPECTMETOINTERRUPTYOU!

IfyoudecidetouseaPowerPointPresentation,
dontreadtheslides.
DELIVERY
Whenpreparingyourpresentation,youshouldbe
carefulaboutthefollowingthings:
thespeedofdelivery

thevolumeofdelivery

thepronunciationofkeyvocabulary

theuseofsignpostphrases
SIGNPOSTPHRASES

Signpostphrases Whatyouaredoingwiththephrase
1.First,Iwanttofocuson Statingwhatyouaregoingtobeginwith
(intheintroduction)
2.Forexample Givinganexampleofapointyouvejust
made
3.Isaythisbecause Justifyingyouropinion(inthe
conclusion)
4.Imuststressthat Emphasizingsomething
5.Tosumup Repeatingthekeypoints(inthe
conclusion)
EXPLAININGWHATYOUMEAN
READTHESENTENCESWITHSOMEUSEFUL
PHRASESUSEDTOEXPLAINWHATYOU
MEAN.
ByeconomicsImeanthestudyofscarceresources.

Economicscanbedefinedasthestudyofscarce
resources.

WhenIusethetermeconomicsImeanthestudyof
scarceresources.

Inotherwords,economistsareinterestedinwhatwe
candowithlimitedresources.
PUTTHEMOSTSUITABLELINKERS
INEACHSPACE.
________socialpsychology___________thestudyof
howhumanbeinginteractwitheachother.
__________,socialpsychologistsareinterestedin
theeffectpeoplehaveoneachother.
_______thetermFTSE100______the100highest
valuedcompaniesontheLondonStockExchange.
_______willpower________determination.
PUTTHEMOSTSUITABLELINKERS
INEACHSPACE.
BysocialpsychologyImeanthestudyofhow
humanbeinginteractwitheachother.
Inotherwords,socialpsychologistsareinterested
intheeffectpeoplehaveoneachother.
WhenIusethetermFTSE100Imeanthe100
highestvaluedcompaniesontheLondonStock
Exchange.
BywillpowerImeandetermination.
DIVIDINGTHINGSUP
READTHEFOLLOWINGSENTENCES
FOCUSINGONTHEUSEOFLINKERS.
Economicpolicyconsistsofmonetarypolicyand
fiscalpolicy.
Naturalsciencescomprisephysics,chemistryand
biology.
Wateriscomposedofhydrogenandoxygen.
Socialsciencescanbedividedintosociology,
psychologyandanthropology.
Eggs,milkandmeatconstitutethemaindietofa
typicalweightlifter.

Howisthelastexampledifferentfromtheother
sentences?Focusonthewordorder.
Audi,VolkswagenandOpel_______thelargest
carmanufacturersinGermany.
Thefinanceministersspeechyesterday______
fivemainpoints.
Thehutsyoucanseeoverthere______mud,
grassandwater.
ThehousesintheUKcanbe______threemain
typesterraced,detachedandsemidetached.
Lessonsinthemorning____oflanguagelessons
andskillslessons.
Audi,VolkswagenandOpelconstitutethelargest
carmanufacturersinGermany.
Thefinanceministersspeechyesterday
consistedoffivemainpoints.
Thehutsyoucanseeovertherearecomposedof
mud,grassandwater.
ThehousesintheUKcanbedividedintothree
maintypesterraced,detachedandsemi
detached.
Lessonsinthemorningconsistoflanguage
lessonsandskillslessons.
GIVINGEXAMPLES
Therearemanycountriesthatproducecoffee,
forexampleBrazil.
Manyauthors,suchasSartre,havewritten
abouttheproblemofexistence.
Therearemanycountrieswithlowinflation.
Germanyisacaseinpoint.
Moreandmoreelectricalgoodsarebeing
importedintheUK.DVDsareanexample.
USETHEAPPROPRIATELINKER
Thewaypeoplecommunicatewitheachotheris
changingrapidly.________,35%ofWestern
Europeansnowownamobilephone.
Anumberofcarsnowhaveanonboard
computer.TheBMW5seriesis_________.
NorthItalyisfamousforitsbeautifulcities.
Florenceis__________.
Mostpredators,_________lions,finditmuch
moredifficulttocatchtheirpreythanother
peoplethink.
USETHEAPPROPRIATELINKER
Thewaypeoplecommunicatewitheachotheris
changingrapidly.Forexample,35%ofWestern
Europeansnowownamobilephone.
Anumberofcarsnowhaveanonboard
computer.TheBMW5seriesisanexample.
NorthItalyisfamousforitsbeautifulcities.
Florenceisacaseinpoint.
Mostpredators,suchaslions,finditmuchmore
difficulttocatchtheirpreythanotherpeople
think.
COMPARINGTHINGS
AtypicalAmericanfamilyownstwocars,whilea
typicalBangladeshifamilydoesntownacaratall.
ThenorthernpartofItalyisrich,whereasthe
southernpartisnot.
RiodeJaneiroenjoys8hoursofsunshineaday.
Meanwhile,Londononlyhas2.5hours.
Webersinterpretationofsocietywasdifferent
fromMarxs.
ThepriceofmilkinSainsburyisthesameasthe
priceofmilkinTesco.
NeitherSwitzerlandnorAustriahasacoastline.
CREATINGACONTRAST
PeopleusedtothinkthattheEarthisthecentre
oftheuniverse.However,Galileorealisedthat
itwasnt.
AlthoughCamusandSartrewroteinthesame
countryatthesametime,theyhadverydifferent
ideas.
Psychotherapyisbecomingincreasinglypopular,
butsomepeopledisagreewithit.
Despitethefactthatpeopledomoresports
thesedays,theaverageweightisincreasing.
Inspiteofthefactthatwehadalotofrain
thissummer,therewasstillabanontheuseof
hosepipes.
Theworkershavejustbeengivenaconsiderable
payincrease.Nevertheless,theystilldont
receivealivingwage.
USETHEPROMPTSBELOWTO
WRITEFULLSENTENCES.
1. thewholeworld/recession/but/Ireland/boom
2. although/thecoursefees/$20000ayear/18%
increase/enrolment/eachyear
3. newAudi2000/heavier/nevertheless/more
economical/previousmodel
4. despite/fact/sevencupsofcoffee/I/feelingOK
5. Idlike/go/party/However/verytired
1. Thewholeworldisinrecession,butIrelandis
enjoyingaboom.
2. Althoughthecoursefeesare$20000ayear,
therehasbeenan18%increaseinenrolment
eachyear.
3. ThenewAudi2000isheavierthantheprevious
model.Nevertheless,itismoreeconomical.
4. DespitethefactthatIhavedrunksevencupsof
coffee,IamfeelingOK.
5. Idliketogototheparty.However,Imvery
tired
DRAWINGCONCLUSIONS
Inconclusion,Iwouldsaythat.
Idliketoconcludebysayingthat

Tosumup.