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# Torsion

Mechanics of Materials 2

Deformation in circular shaft

= max = max

## Maximum stress Shear stress

max = =

Angle of Twist
A relation will be derived between the angle of twist f of a circular shaft and the torque T exerted on
the shaft. The entire shaft will be assumed to remain elastic.

Max. shearing strain max =

Hookes law
max
max =

max
max = =

= SHAFT angle of twist (in rads)

The relation obtained shows that, within the elastic range, the angle of twist is proportional to the
torque T applied to the shaft.
Non-homogeneous shaft
Multiple sections shaft
Part AC, CD, DE and EB

## Variable cross section shaft

Free ends shaft
One end attached to fix support Both ends rotate

=

= =

## angle of twist of shaft =

angle of rotation of free end
=
angle of twist of shaft = angle
through which one end of the
shaft rotates with respect to the
other
Example 1

## Figure Example 3.01

Example 2
Example 3 1 1
=
2 2

Figure 3.23
Exercise 4
Solution Ex4
Solution Ex4
Design of Transmission Shaft
SPECIFICATIONS

Power to be Speed of
transmitted rotation

Select material
Cross section of shaft

Stress Check

Designed
Shaft
Design of Transmission Shaft

=
= 2

Stress check
Material limit

## Minimum value for allowable parameter J/c

= angular velocity of
Example 5