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How Do We Read?

Eye Movements

Reading makes constant use of the


eyes. Studies on eye movements show that
the eyes should move rhythmically and
regularly along the printed line if reading
is to be effective.
Eye movements photographs show that the
usual reading performance is as follows:

Fixation is the vertical mark made


when the eyes stop and the film
continues to move.
Interfixation movement are shown
by short horizontal lines caused by the
eyes which move from one stopping
point to another.
Return sweeps are long slanting
lines resulting from the quick
swinging back of the eyes from the
end of one line to the beginning of
the next line.
Regressions are backward or
right-to-left movements made in
a reverse direction.
Span of recognition or
perception span is the number of
words taken every time the eyes
stop.
Duration of fixation is the length
of time the eyes pause.
Sensation and
Perception
Stimulus
Acuity fusion

Accommodation
Attention +

Prior context +

Meaning
Auditory
analysis

analysis
Visual
Discrimination Students background

Familiar
Visual Pattern word
Unfamiliar word part

visual activity
Overlapping images
Context following
Associations
Word Picture