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Mr. G.G. Bardhan

B Tech. Civil (spl. Structures), NIT Jamshedpur

Senior Manager (TA- Civil)

Presented By:

Neetesh Sharma 102228

Munish Garg 102229

The Following Works were assigned to us during

DOJ training in TA-Civil at NTPC Singrauli

Structural design for physiotherapy department and conference hall in

Sanjeevani hospital, township NTPC singrauli.

Pilot project: structural design of multi-storey residential apartments.

2. CSR work

3. Construction/ execution work in township, including

FQA.

Infrastructure work in township

Structural design and development of construction drawings

for physiotherapy department and conference hall in

Sanjeevani hospital, township NTPC singrauli.

Type of foundation: shallow (footings)

Column sizes

0.3 x 0.45

0.45 x 0.45

Beam sizes

0.3 x 0.5(main first floor)

0.3 x 0.45(main roof)

0.3 x 0.4(secondary first floor)

0.3 x 0.3(secondary roof)

A

Plan (typical)

A

Elevation

Side view Section A-A

Load Definition :

Seismic Load

Parameter Value

Zone III (0.16)

Importance factor 1.5

Response Reduction factor 3

Rock and soil site factor 1

Damping ratio 0.05

Time Period in x direction 0.29

Time Period in z direction 0.46

Dead Load

Live load

Earthquake load in x direction

Earthquake load in z direction

Load Combinations

1.2(DL+LL+EQZ+0.

3EQX) 1.2(DL+LL+EQZ-

1.5(DL+LL) -1.5EQZ+0.9DL 0.3EQX)

1.2(DL+LL+EQX+0. 1.5(DL-EQZ- 1.2(DL+LL+EQX-

1.5(DL+EQX) 3EQZ) 0.3EQX) 0.3EQZ)

0.9DL+1.5(EQX+0. 1.5(DL-EQX- 0.9DL+1.5(EQX-

1.5(DL+EQZ) 3EQZ) 0.3EQZ) 0.3EQZ)

0.9DL+1.5(EQZ+0. 1.2(DL+LL-EQZ- 0.9DL+1.5(EQZ-

1.2(DL+LL+EQX) 3EQX) 0.3EQX) 0.3EQX)

1.2(DL+LL-EQX- 1.5(DL-

1.2(DL+LL+EQZ) 1.5(DL-EQX) 0.3EQZ) EQZ+0.3EQX)

0.9DL- 1.5(DL-EQX-

0.9DL+1.5EQX 1.5(DL-EQZ) 1.5(EQX+0.3EQZ) 0.3EQZ)

0.9DL- 1.2(DL+LL-

1.5EQZ+0.9DL 1.2(DL+LL-EQX) 1.5(EQZ+0.3EQX) EQZ+0.3EQX)

1.5(DL+EQZ+0.3E 1.5(DL+EQZ- 1.2(DL+LL-

QX) 1.2(DL+LL-EQZ) 0.3EQX) EQX+0.3EQZ)

1.5(DL+EQX+0.3E 1.5(DL+EQX- 0.9DL+1.5(-

QZ) 0.9DL-1.5EQX 0.3EQZ) EQX+0.3EQZ)

Analysis

Staad Pro was used to analyze the structure for the previously listed load

combinations. The steps involved in the analysis of the structure using the

computer package are as follows:

1. Modelling the structure

2. Defining Loadings

3. Performing analysis and interpreting results.

RCC design and detailing of reinforcement bars was done manually according to

the indian standards using the analysis results from the computer package.

Sampled design results for the structure are follows.

DETAIL OF REINFORCEMENT FOR FIRST FLOOR BEAMS

3

A B C D E F

Beam Name 1 2 3 4 5

n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len Shear (2 legged stirrups)

B1AE 5m x 3 2.3m

spans(5,5,5,2.3)

2#16 17.54 2#16 23.15 2#20 2.83 2#20 7.73 2#16 18

0.3x0.5

8 @300 10 @130

spans(17.3,2.7) 2#12 20.24 2#20 24.95 2#20 2.93 2#20 2.23 3#20 20.7

0.3x0.4 8 @250 8 @250

B3AF 5m x 5

spans(5,5,5,5) 2#16 20.24 2#16 26.65 2#20 3.5 2#20 8.4 2#16 20.7 8 @300

0.3x0.5

Continued

1

3

A B C D E F

Beam Name 1 2 3 4 5

Shear (2 legged

n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len

stirrups)

2#20

spans(4.35,3.65) 2#12 8.3 2#12 10.12 2#20 3 3#12 8.7 2.45

2#12

0.3x0.5 8 @300 8 @300

2#20

spans(4.35,3.65) 2#12 9.8 2#12 10.12 2#20 3 3#12 9.7 2.45

2#12

0.3x0.5 8 @300 8 @300

Beam Name 1 2 3

Shear (2 legged

n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len

stirrups)

2#12 6.15

spans(4.35,1.5) 3#12 6.35 2#20 3.18

2#20 4.65

0.3x0.5 8 @170 8 @300

1

3

A B C D E F

Beam Name 1 2 3 4

Shear (2 legged

n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len n#dia Bar len

stirrups)

spans(8) 2#25 8.6 2#25 10.12 2#20 3 3#12 8.7

0.3x0.5 8 @300 8 @300

2#25

spans(8) 8.6 2#25 10.12 2#16 3 2#25 8.7

1#20

0.3x0.5 8 @300 8 @300

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

0.5m

1.305m 1.1m

10 @ 300 c/c

10 @ 300 c/c

3.65m

4.35m

10 @ 300 c/c

10 @ 300 c/c

5m

5m

1

COLUMN REINFORCEMENT 2

3

A B C D E F

8 # 16

B1,C1 0.3 m x 0.45m 16 # 20 F1,F3 0.3 m x 0.45m 8 # 20

16 # 16 8 # 16

8 # 16

Transverse reinforcement 8 @ 250mm lateral ties

1

2

3

A B C D E F

both ways both ways

A2, F2 2.4m x 2.4m 0.6m 12 @150mm E1,E2 2.2m x 2.2m 0.6 12 @140mm

both ways both ways

B1, B3, C1, 2.2m x 2.2m 0.6m 12 @140mm F1 2.1m x 2.1m 0.6 12 @150mm

C3 both ways both ways

Pilot Project : Structural analysis and design of

multi-storey residential apartments.

Total no. of floors 18.

above ground level: 16

below ground level: 2 (parking)

Building dimensions and other details

Plan: 47.5m x 42.5m

Height above GL: 57m

Below GL: 8m

Storey height above GL: 3.5m (c/c)

Storey height below GL: 4.0m (c/c)

Area of one flat: 1054 sq ft

No. of flats in one floor: 10

Total no. of flats in the building: 150

Type of structure: RCC frame (M35)

Type of foundation: Pile foundation

Typical stuctural plan of building

ELEVATOR

STAIRS

CORRIDOOR

Load Definition :

1. Seismic Load

Parameter Value

Zone IV (0.24)

Importance factor 1

Response Reduction factor 5

Rock and soil site factor 1

Damping ratio 0.05

Time Period in x direction 1.08

Time Period in z direction 1.09

2. Wind Load

Parameter Value

Basic wind speed 47 m/s

(Risk coefficient) K1 1.0

(Terrain , height and structure size factor) Category-4, class- C, value height

K2 dependent.

(Topography) K3 1.0

Basic load case details

Dead Load

Live load

Wind Load x direction

Wind Load -x direction

Wind Load z direction

Wind Load -z direction

Earthquake load in x direction

Earthquake load in z direction

Load combinations

1.5(DL+LL) -1.5EQZ+0.9DL 0.9DL+1.5(-EQZ+0.3EQX) -1.5WLZ+0.9DL

1.5(DL+EQX) 1.5(DL-EQZ-0.3EQX) 1.5(DL+WLX) 1.5(DL-WLZ-0.3WLX)

1.5(DL+EQZ) 1.5(DL-EQX-0.3EQZ) 1.5(DL+WLZ) 1.5(DL-WLX-0.3WLZ)

1.2(DL+LL+EQX) 1.2(DL+LL-EQZ-0.3EQX) 1.2(DL+LL+WLX) 1.2(DL+LL-WLZ-0.3WLX)

1.2(DL+LL+EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL-EQX-0.3EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL+WLZ) 1.2(DL+LL-WLX-0.3WLZ)

0.9DL+1.5EQX 0.9DL-1.5(EQX+0.3EQZ) 0.9DL+1.5WLX 0.9DL-1.5(WLX+0.3WLZ)

1.5EQZ+0.9DL 0.9DL-1.5(EQZ+0.3EQX) 1.5WLZ+0.9DL 0.9DL-1.5(WLZ+0.3WLX)

1.5(DL+EQZ+0.3EQX) 1.5(DL+EQZ-0.3EQX) 1.5(DL+WLZ+0.3WLX) 1.5(DL+WLZ-0.3WLX)

1.5(DL+EQX+0.3EQZ) 1.5(DL+EQX-0.3EQZ) 1.5(DL+WLX+0.3WLZ) 1.5(DL+WLX-0.3WLZ)

1.2(DL+LL+EQZ+0.3EQX) 1.2(DL+LL+EQZ-0.3EQX) 1.2(DL+LL+WLZ+0.3WLX) 1.2(DL+LL+WLZ-0.3WLX)

1.2(DL+LL+EQX+0.3EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL+EQX-0.3EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL+WLX+0.3WLZ) 1.2(DL+LL+WLX-0.3WLZ)

0.9DL+1.5(EQX+0.3EQZ) 0.9DL+1.5(EQX-0.3EQZ) 0.9DL+1.5(WLX+0.3WLZ) 0.9DL+1.5(WLX-0.3WLZ)

0.9DL+1.5(EQZ+0.3EQX) 0.9DL+1.5(EQZ-0.3EQX) 0.9DL+1.5(WLZ+0.3WLX) 0.9DL+1.5(WLZ-0.3WLX)

1.5(DL-EQX) 1.5(DL-EQZ+0.3EQX) 1.5(DL-WLX) 1.5(DL-WLZ+0.3WLX)

1.5(DL-EQZ) 1.5(DL-EQX-0.3EQZ) 1.5(DL-WLZ) 1.5(DL-WLX-0.3WLZ)

1.2(DL+LL-EQX) 1.2(DL+LL-EQZ+0.3EQX) 1.2(DL+LL-WLX) 1.2(DL+LL-WLZ+0.3WLX)

1.2(DL+LL-EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL-EQX+0.3EQZ) 1.2(DL+LL-WLZ) 1.2(DL+LL-WLX+0.3WLZ)

0.9DL-1.5EQX 0.9DL+1.5(-EQX+0.3EQZ) 0.9DL-1.5WLX 0.9DL+1.5(-WLX+0.3WLZ)

0.9DL+1.5(-WLZ+0.3WLX)

Models

SP 22(explainatory handbook to - IS1983)

Design

Foundation Design: Type of foundation for this structure is

pile foundation. Also the design and detailing for the

foundation is done manually. this included deciding the depth

of pile and calculating the load bearing capacity. Grouping of

piles as per support reactions derived from Staad analysis.

Thus deciding the different types of pile caps required.

Structural design and detailing of pile and pile caps.

LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF BORED CAST-IN-SITU PILE STATIC FORMULA -IS 2911 Part1- sec2

The ultimate bearing capacity ( Qu ) of piles in granular soils is

given by the following formula:

where

Ap = cross-sectional area of pile toe in cm2;

D = stem diameter in cm;

= effective unit weight of soil at pile toe in kgf/cm3;

PD = effective overburden pressure at pile toe in kgf/cm2;

Nr and Nq = bearing capacity factors depending upon the angle of internal friction at toe;

K = coefficient of earth pressure;

PDi = effective overburden pressure in kg/cm2 for the ith layer where i varies from 1 to n;

= angle of wall friction between pile and soil, in degrees (may be taken equal to ); and

Asi = surface area of pile stem in cm2 in the ith layer where I varies from 1 to n.

NOTE 1 Nr factor can be taken for general shear failure as per IS : 6403-1981*.

NOTE 2 Nq factor will depend, apart from nature of soil on the type of pile and its

method of construction, for bored piles, the value of Nq corresponding to angle of

shearing resistance are given in Fig. 1. This is based on Berezantseus curve for

D/B of 20 up to = 35 and Vesics curves beyond = 35.

NOTE 3 The earth pressure coefficient K depends on the nature of soil strata, type

of pile and its method of construction. For bored piles in loose medium sands, K

values between 1 and 2 should be used.

Pile properties:

Dia of pile: 0.5m

Length of pile: 25m

Vertical load carrying capacity: 2500KN

Pullout load capacity:1750KN

Lateral load carrying capacity: 108.7KN

Depth of fixity: 3.87m below cutoff.

Maximum moment in pile shaft:170.2KNm

Distance btw two piles: 3 times dia=1.5m

RCC design of Pile:

P=2500KN

M=170.2KNm

fck=30KN/m2

Ast required=4712mm2

Provide 10# 20 dia

Provide 8mm @ 300c/c lateral ties.

Sample calculation for design of a pile cap

From load data maximum reaction in the pile I & II are:

RI+RII=4681 kN 1.5

Bending Moment = 4681(0.85-0.6)

=1700KNm

Ast required=3632mm2

Provide 20dia @190c/c both ways

Check for one way shear:

Vu=0.0425x4081/0.5=347kN

v=Vu/bd=347000/915x2200=0.17 <c=0.29 .(safe)

Check for two way shear(punching)

Vu=347+0=347kN

v=347000/(2115x4x915)=0.0448 <c=0.29 .(safe)

CSR work (Annual budget 2011-2012, Rs. 30.7 lakh)

Under the CSR work area various cost estimates were prepared as under:

Garbage pits in Chilkadand, Nimiatand. 3 lakh

Renovation of community hall in Chilkadand/Kota/Parswar. 5 lakh

Renovation of drains in Chilkadand 4 lakh

Repair of school in parwar raja 0.7 lakh

TOTAL 30.7 lakh

competent authority.

Steps in preparation of a cost estimate:

2. Preparation of construction drawings.

3. Listing the various items to be used (scheduled and non-

scheduled items).

4. Calculating the quantity of the items involved as per the

detailed drawings.

5. Calculating the rate as per DSR (scheduled items).

6. Rate analysis for non-scheduled items.

7. Estimating the total amount (including UPL profit, PAP,

contractors profit and service tax etc.).

Execution work

Execution of CISF morcha and telephone exchange building.

Construction (Repair and maintenance) of township road.

Various test conducted in FQA Lab

AGGREGATE TEST:

1. Sieve analysis test : This test is conducted for gradation of fine and coarse aggregates .

2. Aggregate Crushing Value- The aggregate crushing value, when determined in accordance with IS: 2386

(Part IV)-1963 shall not exceed 45 percent for aggregate used for concrete other than for wearing surfaces,

and 30 percent for concrete for wearing surfaces, such as runways, roads and pavements.

3. Aggregates Impact Value- impact value may be determined in accordance with the method specified in IS

: 2386 (Part IV )-1963. The aggregate impact value shall not exceed45 percent by weight for aggregates used

for concrete other than for wearing surfaces and 30 percent by weight for concrete for wearing surfaces,

such as runways, roads and pavements.

4.ELONGATION INDEX: This method is used for determining the elongation index of coarse aggregate.

5. FLAKINESS INDEXi: This method is used for determining the flakiness index of coarse aggregate

6.Stripping value test: Principle of this test is by immersing aggregate fully coated with binder in water

maintained at specified temp. and result is reported as the percentage of stone surface that is stripped off

after the specified time period

Test on Bitumen

1. Penetration test : This test is done to determine the penetration of bitumen as per IS: 1203 1978. The

principle is that the penetration of a bituminous material is the distance in tenths of a mm, that a standard

needle would penetrate vertically, into a sample of the material under standard conditions of temperature(25

degree calcius), load(100 g) and time(5 seconds).

2. Water content test: water content in Bitumen is determined by mixing known weight of the specimen in

a pure petroleum distillate free from water , heating and distillating off the water.

The weight of water condensed and collected is expressed as percentage by weight of the original specimen.

The maximum water content in bitumen should not exceed 0.2 percent by weight.

3. Softening point test : Softening point is the temperature at which the substance attains a particular degree

of softening under specified condition of test .Softening point of various bitumen grades varies between 35

degree to 70 degree.

References:

Various Indian Standard used are :

456-2000 - For Rcc design

875_1 -Dead Load

875_2 - Imposed (Live ) load

875_3 - Wind load

875_5 - Load combination

1893 (Part 1) : 2002 - Earthquake Loads

2911 1979 (Part 1 Sec 2)-Design and construction of pile foundation ( Bored cast in situ piles

Concrete Piles

383 - Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete

SP 16 - Design aids for reinforced concrete to is : 456-2000

SP 22 - Explanatory handbook oncodes for earthquake engineering

SP 36 - Handbook on reinforcement and detailing

Books:

- limit state design of RCC by A.K. Jain

- RCC Design by Cyal and goyal

- RCC Design of structeures by B.C. Punmia

- Highway Engineering By Khanna and Justo

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