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# PRODUCTION OF LIME

A REPORT
PRODUCTION OF LIME

## Formed from the calcination of limestone

o A mixture of CaCO3, MgCO3 and inerts
o Takes place in a kiln where heat used comes from the
combustion of a fuel

o 3 + 2

o 3 + 2
Analysis depends on amount of N2
o Case I Calculations based on negligible N2 in the fuel
o Case II Calculations based on considerable N2 in the fuel
CASE I

## The burning of limestone containing 65% CaCO3, 25%

MgCO3 and 10% inerts, using a gas mixture made up
of 75% ethane and 25% propane produces a burner
gas containing 22.07% CO2, 0.9% CO, 3.02% O2 and
74% N2. Calculate:
a) Fuel ratio by weight
b) % excess air
Limestone
65% CaCO3
Burner Gas
25% MgCO3 22.07% CO2
10% inerts 0.9% CO
3.02% O2
74% N2
Air BURNER
79% N2
21% O2

25% C3H8
75% C2H4
Lime
Fuel gas

## BASIS: 100 MOLES DRY KILN GAS

FOR 100 MOLES OF FUEL

C2H6 25 150 450
C3H8 75 75 200
Total 225 650
CASE II

## Limestone is calcined in a rotary kiln fired with blast

furnace gas. Analysis of the stone shows 52% CaO,
2.1% MgO, 1.2%H2O, 1.22% Al2O3, 0.33% SiO2 and
43.15% CO2. The blast furnace gas contains 27% Co,
12% CO2, 2% H2, 5% CH4 and 54% N2. The gases
leaving the kiln contains 35.8% CO2, 1% O2 and 63.2%
N2. Calculate:
a) % excess air
b) Fuel ratio (kg/mole)
Limestone
52% CaO
Burner Gas
2.1% MgO 35.8% CO2
0.33% SiO2 1.0% CO
1.22% Al2O3 63.2% N2
1.2% H2O

Air BURNER
79% N2
21% O2

27% CO
12% CO2
2% H2
5% CH4
Lime
Fuel gas 54% N2

## BASIS: 100 MOLES DRY KILN GAS

FOR 100 MOLES OF FUEL

CO 27 27 - 13.5
CO2 12 12 - 12
H2 2 - 4 -
CH4 5 5 20 -
N2 54 - - -
Total 44 24 25.5