Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 29

How to Make Lesson Plan

By Yan Suo
July 5, 2010
THINK

What is a lesson plan?


What is a lesson plan
A teachers detailed description of the course of
instruction for an individual lesson.
-- Wikipedia Dictionaries

A lesson plan is a written guide for trainers plans in


order to achieve the intended learning outcomes. It
provides specific definition and direction on
learning objectives, equipment, instructional media
material requirements, and conduct of the training.
-- Education Dictionaries
THINK

What is the purpose of a


lesson plan?
Communicate to You
THINK

What to consider when


writing a lesson plan?
What to consider when writing a lesson plan
Ability & interest levels
Backgrounds
Attention spans
Know your students Ability to work together in groups
Prior knowledge and learning experiences
Special needs or accommodations
Learning preferences

Subject matter that you will be teaching


Know the content State/school district curriculum guides
National/state curriculum standards

Know the Technology, software, audio/visuals, teacher


mentors, community resources, equipment,
instructional materials library resources, local guest speakers, etc.

Modified from sources: What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan


What to consider when designing a lesson plan?

Know Ability & interest levels


your Backgrounds
students Attention spans

Ability to work together in groups


Know the
content Prior knowledge and learning
experiences
Know the Special needs or accommodations
materials
Learning preferences
What to consider when designing a lesson plan?

Know your Subject matter that you will be



students teaching
State/school district curriculum
Know the
content guides
National/state curriculum standards
Know the
materials
What to consider when designing a lesson plan?

Know your Technology



students Software

Audio/visuals
Know the
content Teacher mentors

Community resources
Know the Equipment
materials
Library resources

Local guest speakers


Key components of a lesson plan

Materials/
Profile Objectives Procedure Assessment
Equipments
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Basic information about the lesson


1. Name of lesson
Objectives
2. Contributor
Materials/ 3. Subject
Equipments 4. Grade level
Procedure 5. Instructional settings: Small Group,
Whole class
Assessment 6. General Description of lesson
7. Standards
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Determine what you want students to


learn and be able to do
Objectives
Focus on the concept or skill which you
Materials/ intend to teach
Equipments E.g.Organize, design and prototype
content-rich Web sites that are easy to
Procedure
navigate and search
Assessment
Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment

THINK

The types of instructional


materials
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Materials
Power Point presentations (visual aids)
Objectives
Text Books

Materials/ Journal Articles


Equipments Multimedia materials: Instructional video
or audio
Procedure
Job-aid
Assessment Rubric

Checklist

Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials


Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment

THINK

The equipment available for


the instructor
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Commonly used instructional equipments


Software applications
Objectives
PowerPoint

Materials/ Media Player


Equipments Computer equipment
Computer
Procedure
Internet connection
Assessment Video equipment
Projector

Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials


Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Outlining the STEPS of the teaching


process
Objectives

Materials/ Useful Instructional Strategies


Equipments
Using the Appropriate Technique in Your
Lesson Plan
Procedure

Assessment
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Assess the outcome and to what extent


the objectives were achieved
Objectives
Ensure the assessment activity is directly
Materials/ and explicitly tied to the stated
Equipments objectives.
Procedure Take time to reflect upon the result,
and revise the lesson plan accordingly
Assessment
Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Closure -> Assessment

THINK

The assessment activities


available for the instructor
Key components of a lesson plan

Profile Some commonly used assessment


activities:
Objectives
quizzes

Materials/ tests
Equipments independently performed worksheets
cooperative learning activities
Procedure
hands-on experiments
Assessment oral discussion

question-and-answer sessions
AND

Take time to reflect upon the


result, and revise the lesson
plan accordingly!
Gagnes Nine Events of Instruction

Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson


Plan Model

The 5Es Model

Check handouts for


detailed information
Gagnes 1. Gain attention
Nine Events
2. Inform learners of objectives
of
Instruction 3. Stimulate recall of prior learning
Madeline
4. Present the stimulus
Hunter's 5. Provide learning guidance
Seven Step
6. Elicit performance (practice)
Lesson Plan
Model 7. Provide feedback
The 5Es
8. Assess performance
Model 9. Enhance retention and transfer
Gagnes Step 1. Review
Nine Events
of Step 2. Anticipatory Set
Instruction
Step 3. Objective
Madeline
Hunter's
Seven Step
Step 4. Input and modeling
Lesson Plan
Model
Step 5. Checking understanding

The 5Es Step 6. Guided practice


Model
Step 7. Independent practice
Gagnes Engage
Nine Events
of Explore
Instruction
Explain
Madeline
Hunter's Elaborate
Seven Step
Lesson Plan Evaluate
Model

The 5Es
Model
Activity
In teams of 2, read through the given exemplary
lesson plan, then
Review the key components of a lesson plan
Collaboratively design a lesson plan by using the lesson
plan template
Try to incorporate the strategies, techniques and lesson
plan models introduced before in your lesson plan
Useful Instructional Strategies
Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan
Evaluate and revise your lesson by using the lesson plan
checklist
Time: 30 minutes
Activity
Share your lesson plan with the class
Critique other groups lesson plans, and discuss how to
fix the existing problems:
learning objectives are clearly defined
Instructional materials, equipment, techniques and
strategies are appropriately selected
Procedure is clearly stated
assessment activities are directly and explicitly tied to the
stated objectives

Reference
Omrod, J.E. (2008) Human Learning (5th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
Education, Inc.
Madeline Hunter. (Year). Components of a Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010
from:
http://www.uofaweb.ualberta.ca/fieldexperiences//pdfs/lessonplandirect.pdf
Lewis, Beth (2010). Top 8 Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan. Retrieved
June 5, 2010 from:
http://k6educators.about.com/od/lessonplanheadquarters/tp/8_steps_lp.htm
CLRN. (2002). Lesson Plan Builder Worksheet. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from:
http://www.lessonplanbuilder.org/lessons/help.cfm
BCIT. (2003). Preparing Lesson Plan. BCIT Learning and Teaching Centre. Retrieved
July 9, 2010 from: http://www.bcit.ca/files/idc/pdf/htlessonplans.pdf
Gagne, R.M., Wager, W. W., Golas, K. C., & Kelle, J. M. (2005). Principle of
Instructional Design (5th Edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, Inc.
Teachnology (2010) What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan. Retrieved July
5, 2010 from: http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/lesson_plan/