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In 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays.


Above is an x-ray of his own hand.
describe how X-rays are currently
produced

Copper Anode Cathode


with Tungsten (Heated
face. Filament)
describe how X-rays are
currently produced

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describe how X-rays are
currently produced
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describe how X-rays are
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uxplain how a computed axial
tomography (CAT) scan is
produced _ï" "ï

  
 

    
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explain how a computed axial
tomography (CAT) scan is
produced
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gather information to observe at least one
image of a fracture on an X-ray film and
X-ray images of other body parts

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Muestion Set 1
1. Identify the term for producing a
cross-sectional slice image of the
body.
2. uxplain why a high voltage is needed
to produce x-rays in a CRT.
3. Discuss the use of ultrasound instead
of CAT scans to diagnose problems in
unborn children.
Muestion Set 2
1. Frank is rushed to the hospital after a physical
game of football and has a suspected hairline
fracture of a rib. The doctor orders an x-ray even
though it may not show the tiny fracture. Account
for the doctors decision.
2. Joey the legend league player gets yet another
knee injury. The doctor opts for a CAT scan instead
of either an x-ray or ultrasound scan. Account for
the doctors decision.

 
   

   
 
    
undoscopy is the medical
examination of the
interior of the body by
inserting an optical tube
(an endoscope) through
an opening in the body.

 
   

   
 
    

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explain how an endoscope
works in relation to total
internal reflection
6 A typical optical fiber is shown
on the right. The parts are :
6 "  the inner light-carrying
member.
6 "
 the middle layer,
which serves to confine the light
to the core. It must have a lower
refractive index than the core.
6 Õ the outer layer
serving to protect the core and
cladding from damage.
   
   
  
   

  
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2 dimensional slice untire thickness converted
into a 2D image
No overlap of body parts Overlap makes it difficult
to see internal structures
Very high resolution Reasonable resolution
(sometimes blurry)
Can image soft tissue Can only image hard
tissue

  
 
  
  
 
 

  

  

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Muestion Set 3
1. Define the term critical angle.
2. Contrast coherent and incoherent bundles
of fibres.
3. uxplain why optical fibres have a coating of
lower refractive index material.
4. Discuss the use of endoscopes in internal
surgery.
5. Outline how it would be possible to increase
the resolution of the image transported by a
bundle of coherent optical fibres

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