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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH

WHO IS MOST
BENEFICIANT &
MERCIFUL
Group Members
M. Akbar 32
M. Suffian 34
M. Asif 35
Umer hayyat 36
Abdul kaleem 37
ALI RAZA 27
BOMB CALORIMETER
Apparatus

Oxygen bomb calorimeter


Thermometer
Fuse wire
Sample cup
Oxygen cylinder
Used to measure enthalpy changes of
combustion reactions.

Occurs inside a tiny inner metal chamber called


a bomb

The bomb contains pure oxygen, the reactants


are ignited using an electric coil

A knownquantity of water surrounds the bomb


and absorbs energy that is released by the
reaction
Chemical reactions
which can be initiated
using a spark can be
carried out in a device
called a bomb
calorimeter. Usually
heats of combustion are
measured this way.
The substance to be burned is massed into the
bomb, which is fitted with a device that can
deliver a spark and with a tube that can deliver
oxygen under pressure.
The bomb is then sealed and immersed in a
well-insulated vat of water.
Oxygen is let into the bomb, the spark
generated, the reaction occurs, and no products
escape as the heat is generated.
Principles of Calorimetry

Heat capacity can be


related to either the
enthalpy or internal
energy
Combustion heat

Combustionheat means that


the heat which is released
when 1 molar substance
completely burns.
bomb calorimeter

Oxygen bomb is a container made up of


special stainless steel.
Make sure that substance can be melt
completely and the bomb is filled full
of high-pressure oxygen gas.
The calorific value of a fuel is defined as
the quantity of heat (expressed in
calories or kilo calories) liberated by the
complete combustion of unit weight
(1gm or 1kg) of the fuel in air or
oxygen,with subsequent cooling of the
products of combustion to the initial
temperature of the fuel.

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HIGH CALORIFIC VALUE

A good fuel should have high


calorific value i.e. it should
produce large amount of heat
on burning.

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The calorific value of a fuel depends
upon the
1. nature of the fuel
2. relative proportions of the elements present

The calorific value may be


theoretically calculated from the
chemical composition of the fuel.

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Bomb calorimeter
Bo0mb calorimeter is an instrument use
to measure calorific value of fuel
Bomb calorimeter made by stainless
steel
The sample put into the bomb
calorimeter
Two wire attached with 6 volt battery
There is a channel for supplying the
oxygen
Bomb calorimeter
Oxygen help to burn fuel
Bomb enclosed in the copper calorimeter
Top layer also made by copper metal
Water is filled in space that occur between
copper calorimeter & bomb calorimeter
There is mechanical stirrer that use to
distribute evenly temperature that heat
evolve by this bomb
Bomb calorimeter
By water circulation temperature evenly
distribute
On the opposite side of stirrer, there is
the thermometer
Thermometer is also called Back-man
Thermometer
Copper calorimeter also enclosed in
another capsule
Bomb calorimeter
Air
is present between
calorimeter & capsule called
Air Jacket

There is another jacket


present outside of this jacket
called Water Jacket
Calorific value terms
Let x be amount of fuel
Capital W mass of water
Small w water equivalent of instrument
Assumption:-
Metal also absorb heat, that we dont
measure
Initial temperature
Final temperature
TERMS
Let higher calorific vale(H.C.V) is L
Heat librated by the fuel = x*L
Heat absorbed by the
apparatus+water=(W+w)*(final temp-
initial temp)
Heat librated by the fuel= Heat absorbed by the apparatus +
water
x*L = (W + w)*(final temp-initial temp)
H.C.V(L) = [(W + w)*(final temp-initial
temp)]/ x
CORRECTION
Acid correction i.e. HNO3, (-ve)
Cotton thread correction (-ve)
Fuse wire correction (-ve)