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Welcome

to a Presentation on

Teaching: How to
Make it Effective
GRK Murty

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Teaching: What is it?

To help to learn
To cause to learn
To cause to understand

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Teaching: What is it?

It is the art of assisting discovery


Brings students into living communion
with the subject being taught
Assists the mind of students to deliver
itself of ideas, knowledge and
understanding

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Teacher
1st stage:
focuses on own performance
2nd stage:
shifts focus to the complexities of the
subject
3rd stage:
shifts focus to the students

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Teacher Questions Himself
What happens when I say something?
Do students always follow what I say?
If they do follow, what are the various stages of their
understanding?
What is that enables them to understand?
Is it because I begin with the simple and go in to the
complex?
What happens when I explain something and they
do not follow?
Do I guess it or do I verify this for myself?
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A Successful Teacher
Ability to communicate
Poses extensive and well integrated
stock of knowledge
Ability to inspire students
Importantly, a right combination of
these qualities

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A Teacher
Leads but not drags
Strengthens but not
discourages
Opens the way but not
leads to the end

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A Teachers

Leading produces harmony


Strengthening makes
attainment easy
Opening the way makes
learner thoughtful

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Effective Teaching Techniques
Knowing the audience
Taking risks
A positive approach
Effectiveness of content
Brevity
Proper sequencing
Presentation
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Taking Risks
Understand
own motivations
the purposes of lecturette
the audience
It facilitates
juggling alternatives
offering unplanned asides
To know ones subject
extemporaneous Vs. canned presentation
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Positive Approach
Establish contact with audience
Prepare the audience
Establish expectations
Be excited, enthusiastic, natural and human
Psyching oneself
Emphasize value of presentation
Shun negativism, put-downs, sarcasm and
isms

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Effectiveness of Content
Matching learning needs with appropriate
lecturette
Develop concepts in a basic and clear form
Concept-sourcing
from within the group
Facilitators own thinking
Reminding importance
Using concrete examples in which the
participant can easily relate
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Brevity

Mind cannot absorb what the behind


cannot endure
Longer time
decreases involvement
makes participants passive
Experiential lecturing

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Proper Sequencing
Chronological time order
Cause - affect
Problem - solution
Hypothesis - evaluation
Better to announce structure at the beginning
and keep referring to it frequently
Organized in a clear logical fashion
Restrict the matter to only whatever is
critical to the topic
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Presentation

Pacing
Metaverbal communication
Verbal crutches
Questions and other interactions

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Pacing

Keeping in pace with reactions,


understanding, moods
Interruptions with brief activities
Delineated progression
Recapitulation
Tie-ups

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Metaverbal Communication

Voice modulation
Eye contact
NLP - speaks to/grabs
Elimination of distractions
Body language
Physical setting

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Verbal Crutches
Eliminate irritants
Ahhs
Uhmms
Profanities
Avoid reading
Reduces personal touch
Increases tendency to lose interest

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Questions & Other Interactions
Can enrich
Can be a nuisance
Define question time
Questions to verify
Sarcasm or defensiveness
Solicit statements

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Useful Aids

Charts, Graphs & Posters


Handouts
References
Making conceptual inputs
experiential

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Closing
Integrating cognitive inputs
Test understanding and learning
Summarise clearly
Restate the significant points
Challenge to experiment
Encourage to take risks

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A Good Teacher Always

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Persuades Students into
Stimulates acquiring
Amuses knowledge

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Best Teachers are known to

Admonish students but quickly


forgive them for their indiscretions
Exude constant, irrepressible
enthusiasm about teaching and
learning

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When people recall their truly great
teachers, what they have in mind
Is not
Their k, skill, thinking or planning or
For acting like consummate reflective practitioners.
But because they were
Inspiring
Enthusiastic
Caring
Forgiving
Supportive &
Thoughtful
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Worst Teachers are Remembered

Not because they are ignorant or


incompetent
But because of their
Cruelty
Sarcasm
Thoughtlessness
Shear stultifying boredom they inflict on the
classroom.
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A Teacher
Knows what he can do and what he can not
Knows and realizes that he knows a few things
about a few things
Believes he can learn from others
Believes in taking anybody along
Always ready to accept his mistakes
Displays contentment

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Remember, Ur Teaching possess
Tremendous Power

To make students life miserable or


Joyous
To make it a tool of torture or an
instrument of inspiration
To hurt or heal

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Emotional Geographies

Social cultural distance


Moral distance
Professional distance
Political distance
Physical distance

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How to build strong emotional
understanding

Physical closeness?
Professional closeness?
Acknowledge
Empathize
Discuss
Reconcile
Moral closeness
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Teaching: Works either ways

At the end of his first day at school, our


rowdy five-year-old came running
home shouting: Mum! Mum! Guess
what? They want me back!
Another five-year-old, asked how he
liked his first day at school, replied:
All right- except there was some lady
there that talked all the time.
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Thank You

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