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Liquid natural gas

LNG
Outline
What is LNG?
Well to customers
What Is LNG?
Typical LNG Composition
LNG is liquid form of the
natural gas used for
cooking, heating and Methane Others

power generation. 95% 5%

LNG is used as an
alternative transportation
fuel.
What is LNG ?
LNG is odorless, colorless, non-corrosive, and non-toxic.
Natural gas vaporized from LNG can cause asphyxiation in an
unventilated confinement.
Well to customers

EXPLORATION & REGASIFICATION


LIQUEFACTION SHIPPING
PRODUCTION & STORAGE
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Exploration and Production
Natural gas is found in the
earths crust.
Most of the time natural gas is
discovered during the search for
oil.
Worldwide proved reserves of
natural gas about 6000 points.
Much of this natural gas is
stranded, a long way from
market.
Production operations delivers
the gas to users.
Source: BG
Well to customers
Liquefaction
Natural gas is converted into
a liquid state.
The gas is cooled to LNG
temperature of -162oC. The
volume reduce by a factor of
600.
Liquefaction makes natural
gas more economical to
Source: ALNG
transport.
Shipping
Well to customers
LNG tankers are double-
hulled ships specially
designed and insulated to
prevent leakage or rupture
in an accident.
LNG is a cryogenic liquid and
it is stored in double-walled Source: BG

tanks at atmospheric Number of LNG ships built 1965 - 2002


pressure. 14
12

The LNG shipping market is


Ships built each year
10
8

expanding. 6
4
2
0
1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001

Source: LNGOneWorld
Well to customers
Storage and Regasification
At the receiving terminal the LNG is
pumped into a double-walled storage
tank.
Vaporized by warming in a controlled
environment.
Vaporized gas is regulated for
pressure and enters the natural gas
pipeline system.
Residential and commercial
consumers receive natural gas for
daily use from local gas utilities or in
the form of electricity.
Source: CMS
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