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Technology can play a traditional role,
i.e. as delivery vehicles for
instructional lessons or in a
constructivist way as partners in the
learning process.
In a constructivist way, technology
helps the learner build more
personal interpretations of life in
her/his world. Technology is a
learning tool to learn with not
from. It makes the learner gather,
think, analyze, synthesize
information and construct meaning
with what technology presents
Technology as tools to support knowledge
1. For presenting learners ideas,
understandings and beliefs
2. For producing organized, multimedia
knowledge bases for learners

Technology as information vehicles for exploring

knowledge to support learning-by-constructing:
1. For accessing needed information
2. For comparing perspectives, beliefs and
world views
Technology as context to support learning by
1. for representing and simulating
meaningful real-world problems, situations
and contexts
2. for representing beliefs, perspectives,
arguments, and stories of others
3. For defining safe, controllable problem
space for student thinking
Technology as a social medium to support
learning by conversing
1. For collaborating with others
2. For discussing, arguing, and building
consensus among members of the
3. For supporting discourse among
knowledge building communities
Technology as intellectual partner
1. For helping learners to articulate and
represent what they know
2. For reflecting on what they have learned
and how they come to know it
3. For supporting learners internal
negotiations and meaning making
4. For constructing personal
representations of meaning for
supporting mindful thinking
Whether used from the traditional or
constructivist point of view, when used
effectively, research indicates that
technology not only increases students
learning, understanding, and achievement
but also augments, motivation to learn,
encourages collaborative learning and
supports the development of critical
thinking and problem-solving skills
(Shacter and Fagnano, 1999)
Proper implementation of
technology in the classroom gives
students more control of their
own learning and tends to
move classrooms from teacher-
dominated environments to ones
that are more learner-centered
(Russel and Sorge, 1999)
Educational technology plays various roles.
Form the traditional point of view, it serves
as presenter of knowledge just like
teachers. It also serves as productivity
tool. With the internet, technology has
facilitated communication among people.
From the constructivists perspective,
educational technology is a meaningful
learning tools by serving as a learning