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FIRE HOSE, STREAMS, AND APPLIANCES

FIRE STREAM
2

A stream of water or other extinguishing agent


from the time it leaves the nozzle or other
discharge orifice until it reaches the desired point
in the proper configuration

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


TYPE OF FIRE STREAMS
3

Solid Stream

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


TYPE OF FIRE STREAMS
4

Broken Stream

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


TYPE OF FIRE STREAMS
5

Fog Stream

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


TYPE OF FIRE STREAMS
6

Straight Stream

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


NOZZLE TYPES
Solid Stream
7

Hand line Master stream


50 psi 80 psi

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


NOZZLE TYPES
Fog
8

Adjustable Gallonage
100 psi Constant Gallonage
100 psi

Automatic
100 psi
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
NOZZLE TYPES
Special Stream
9

Piercing

Distributor
Cellar
Foam Application

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


FIRE HOSE
10

Flexible tube used by fire fighters to carry


water under pressure from the source of
supply to the point of discharge
Fire hose is generally classified by its size and
construction

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


FIRE HOSE
Construction
11

Materials
Construction
Lining
Couplings

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


FIRE HOSE
Size
12

, 1
small fires
1, 1, 2, & 2
attack lines
2, 3, 4, 5 and larger
supply of pumpers, sprinkler systems,
master streams, etc. under pressure

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


FIRE HOSE
Care
13

Cleaning
Drying
Should
NOT dry fire hose on hot
pavement

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE COUPLING
Parts
14

shank

lug

swivel
Female Male

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE COUPLING
15

Higbee Indicator

Higbee Cut

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE APPLIANCES AND TOOLS
Definitions
16

Hose Appliance - a device used in conjunction


with fire hose through which water will flow
Hose Fitting - a device used to connect fire
hoses of different sizes or thread types
Hose Tool - a device used in conjunction with
fire hose through which water does NOT flow

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE APPLIANCES
Wye
17

Water Thief

Gated Wye Plain Wye


(Leader Line Wye)

Siamese
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
HOSE APPLIANCES
Adapters
18

Double Male Double Female

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE APPLIANCES
Reducer
19

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE TOOLS
20

Hose clamp

Hose jacket
Hose hoist

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE TOOLS
21
Hydrant Wrench

Spanner Wrenches

Rope Hose Tool


&
Strap Hose Tool

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE LOADS
Supply Line
22

Accordion Load
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
HOSE LOADS
Supply Line
23

Horseshoe Load
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
HOSE LOADS
Supply Line
24

Flat Load
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
HOSE LOADS
Attack Line
25

Flat Load

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE LOADS
Attack Line
26

Triple Layer Load

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE ROLLS
27

Straight Roll
(storage roll)

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE ROLLS
28

Donut Roll

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE ROLLS
29

Twin Donut Roll

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


COUPLING FIRE HOSE
Methods
30

Two Fire Fighter

Foot-tilt

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


UNCOUPLING FIRE HOSE
Methods
31

Stiff-arm

Knee-press

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


HOSE CARRIES
32

Accordion Shoulder
Carry
Shoulder Loop
Street Drag
Carry
Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams
EXTENDING HOSELINE
33

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


REPLACING BURST HOSE SECTION
34

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


NOZZLE OPERATION
35

Closed Open

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


NOZZLE OPERATION
Pattern Adjustment
36

Grasp pattern adjustment control


located at tip of the nozzle

Rotate clockwise for straight stream


and counter-clockwise for fog
pattern

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


NOZZLE OPERATION
Flow Adjustment
37

Grasp flow selector ring located


between bale and pattern
adjustment control

Rotate ring until desired flow setting


aligns with the indicator (arrow,
notch, dot, etc.)

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


WATER HAMMER
38

Surge in pressure in hose lines and piping resulting


from the rapid opening or closing of nozzles or
other valves, hose clamps, etc.
Often causes a sound much like a hammer striking
a metal pipe
May be prevented by opening and closing nozzles,
valves and hose clamps slowly

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


ADVANCING HOSELINE
Into A Structure
39

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


ADVANCING HOSELINE
Up A Ladder
40

Uncharged
Charged

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


OPERATING A NOZZLE
From A Ladder
41

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


ADVANCING HOSELINE
Stairway
42

Up
Down

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams


ADVANCING HOSELINE
Standpipe
43

Fire Hose, Appliances and Streams

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