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Arciaga, Frances Geline R.

Ann Fagelson - preferred to date MT from the 14th century

Vivian Herrick - traced the beginning MT back to 1500BC
Ruth Williams - believed that MT began from the Medieval Period
Ebers papyrus - ancient book of treatment that mentioned and described
three (3) stages of hookworm infection (1500BC)
Hindu doctors - ancient medicine men who diagnosed diseases by
observing the color of urine (Medieval Period)
Anton van Leuwenhoek developed the compound microscope
Malphigi - the greatest early microscopist and the founder of pathology
Fehling - performed the first sugar test in urine in 1848
Aniline dye - the first produced dye for bacteria
Dr. Douglas - established the first chemical laboratory related to medicine
at the University of Michigan
Dr. William Osler - Opened the first Clinical Laboratory at John Hopkins
Dr. William Welch - gave the first laboratory course in
pathology in an American medical school
Dr. James Todd - author of A Manual of Clinical Diagnosis,
the standard reference for laboratories
University of Minnesota - established the first training
laboratory for laboratory workers
Denver Society of Clinical Pathologists - the first organized
group of American Pathologists
26th Medical Infantry of the US Army - introduced MT in the
Philippines after WW II
Quiricada St., Sta. Cruz, Manila - the place where the US Army
established the first Clinical Laboratory in the Philippines
Dr. Pio de Roda - organized the Manila Public Health
Laboratory in 1945
Dr. Prudencia Sta. Ana - gave the first six (6) months formal
training in laboratory
Philippine Union College (Adventist University of the
Philippines) - offered the first BS degree course in Medical
Technology in 1954
Dr. Jessie Umali - the first graduate of BS Medical Technology
1961 - BS Medical Technology was recognized as a four year
course at the UST
PAMET - the national organization of registered MTs
Crisanto Almario - organized the PAMET in 1963; Father of
FEU - hosted the first annual convention of PAMET
Mrs. Willa Hilgert Hedrick Founder of Medical Technology
Education in the Philippines
Lab News - official newspaper of PAMET
The Philippine Journal of Medical Technology - official journal
PAMET President Year/s of Service Significant Contribution/s
Charlemagne T. Tamondong 1964 1967 1st president

Nardito D. Moraleta 1967 1970 RA 5527

Prepared Code of Ethics on August 6,
Felix E. Asprer 1970 1971 MT Board examiner
1973 1977
Bernardo T. Tabaosares 1971 1973 3rd Week of September as MT week
Angelina R. Jose Jan. 1973 Sept. 1973 1st lady president
Venerable C.V. Oca 1977 1981 1st Quiz show
Carmencita P. Acedera 1982 1991 Approved 2nd COE (present)
Marilyn R. Atienza 1992 1996 MT Board examiner
Norma Nuez Chang 1997 2000 Revised Code of Ethics on March 7, 1997

Agnes B. Medenilla 2001 2002

2005 2006
Shirley I. Fabian-Cruzada 2003 2004
Leila M. Florento 2007 2012
Romeo Joseph J. Ignacio 2013 - - Present president
PASMETH - national organization of schools of
MT and faculty members
Dr. Narciso Albarracin - conceptualized
PASMETH in 1970
Drs. Serafin Juliano/Gustavo Reyes - founders
UST - hosted the first national meeting of
Dr. Gustavo Reyes - 1st president of PASMETH
Mr. Bernard Ebuen - present president of
Mr. Cirilo Cajucom - registered PASMETH with
the SE
God, who by calling us to the vocation of a medical
technologists, has placed upon us the obligation of
being a constant help in the scientific care of the sick,
grant us by thy divine light a deep insight into the
serious responsibilities of our task.
By thy divine wisdom awaken in us a growing zeal and
determination to increase our knowledge of how
to search for the underlying causes of sickness and
disease; how to recognize the evidence of physical
changes; how to make important chemical analyses,
and other valuable test so helpful in caring for the sick.
By thy divine love permit us in this way to share with
those who directly care for the sick, that thus we may be
of constantly working through the eternal physician,
Christ our Lord, Amen.
A written set of guidelines issued by an organization
to its workers (members) and management to help
them conduct their actions in accordance with its
primary values and ethical standards.

Nardito Moraleta 1st on August 6, 1968

Norma Chang 2nd on March 7, 1997.
Carmencita Acedera approved 2nd (present) COE.

Medical Technology Ethics a moral science which

treats the duties which the MT owes to the patient, to
his colleagues in the profession and to the public.
As I enter into the practice of Medical Technology, I shall accept
the responsibilities inherent to being a professional; I shall uphold
the law and shall not engage in illegal work nor cooperate with
anyone so engaged; I shall avoid associating or being identified
with any enterprise of questionable character;
I shall work and act in a strict spirit of fairness to employer, clients,
contractors, employees and in a spirit of personal helpfulness and
fraternity toward other members of the profession;
I shall use only honorable means of competition for professional
employment or services and shall refrain form unfairly injuring,
directly or indirectly, the professional reputation, projects or
business of a fellow medical technologist; I shall accept
employment from more than one employer only when there in no
conflict of interest;
I shall perform professional work in a manner that merits full
confidence and trust carried out with absolute reliability, accuracy,
fairness and honesty; I shall review the professional work of other
medical technologists, when requested, fairly and in confidence
whether they are subordinates or employees, authors of proposals
for grants or contracts, authors of technical papers or other
publications or involved in litigation;
I shall advance the profession by exchanging general
information and experience with fellow medical
technologists and other professionals and by contributing to
the work of professional organizations;
I shall restrict my praises, criticisms, views and opinions
within constructive limits and shall not use the knowledge I
know for selfish ends; I shall treat any information I acquired
about individuals in the course of my work as strictly
confidential, and may be divulged only to authorized
persons or entities or with consent of the individual when
I shall report any infractions of these principles of
professional conduct to the authorities responsible of
enforcement of applicable laws or regulations, or to the
Ethics Committee of the Philippine Association of Medical
Technologists as may be appropriate.
To these principles, I hereby subscribe and pledge to
conduct myself at all times in a manner befitting the dignity
of my profession.
Law Title Date

RA 4688 Clinical Lab Act of 1966 June 18, 1966

RA 5527 The Philippine MT Act of 1969 June 21, 1969

RA 7170 Organ Donation Act of 1991 January 7, 1992

RA 7719 National Blood Services Act of 1994 May 5, 1994

RA 8504 The Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control February 13, 1998
Act of 1998
RA 8981 PRC Modernization Act of 2000 December 5, 2000

RA 9165 Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 June 7, 2002

May 5, 1994 (Old law: RA 1517)
RA 1517 RA 7719
Guidelines for setting Phased out commercial
Commercial blood banks blood banks
Price scheme for blood Non-profit basis
products Prices should cover cost of
services only

Passed to ensure safe and efficient blood

banking and transfusion practices in the
Promotes voluntarism
AO 2008-0008 regulation of BSF
Blood Station
Issue, store, compatibility testing of whole blood and packed
Secure authority to operate (ATO)
Blood Bank
Issue, store, compatibility testing of all blood components
Investigation of transfusion reaction
Coombs test
Resolution of incompatibility of cross match
Secure license to operate (LTO)
Blood Collection Unit
Recruit, collect, screen donors
Secure authority to operate (ATO)
Blood Center
Perform TT, screening, process blood products, collect blood
from donors
Secure license to operate (LTO)
Supervision of Blood Bank
MD (w/ 6 mos. training)
Important provisions
Section 7: Phase-out of commercial BB
Section 8: Non-profit operation
Section 9: Regulation of BB
No License, No Practice
BRL -> BHFS -> awards license to operate
License is valid for 3 years
Renewal: 60 days before expiration
Licenses: ATO, LTO
Ifblood bags are contaminated (Tranfusion
Transmitted Infections)
RITM : National Research Laboratory
If confirmed w/in 48 hours, dispose the blood bag

Overpricing 1-6 months of imprisonment

Fine: 5,000 50,000
No License to Operate 12-20 years of imprisonment
Fine: 50,000 500,000
Staff failed to dispose contaminated 10 years of imprisonment
February 13, 1998
Promote awareness on the causes, modes of
transmission, consequences and means of
prevention and control
Protection from discrimination
Protecting positive individuals
HIV/AIDS information and educational
HIV/AIDS monitoring system
Monthly statistics
Necessary to resolve family issue (Family code)
Those convicted by court
Discrimination Act
Employment (35)
School/scholarship (36)
Travel (37)
Protection of HIV (+) individuals
Considers HIV testing as unlawful
Any act of discrimination as unlawful
Social and health services must not be deprived
Treating records as confidential
Except informing co-worker, responding to court orders, submitting data
to DOH for HIV registry, disclosure to sexual partner (Sec.34)
HIV Results released to
As per court order
Personnel from DOH
Parent/legal guardian
April 7, 2004
Performed after 24 hours of life but not later
than 3 days from complete delivery of
If in intensive care, newborn is exempted
from 3-day requirement but must be tested
by 7 days of age.
Collection of blood samples
Medical technologist
To detect
Inborn error of metabolism
G6PD deficiency
Congenital adrenal hypoplasia
National Reference Center for NBS
UP-National Institute of Health (NIH)
December 5, 2000
Old PRC Law New PRC Law
PD 223 RA 8981
3-Man commission 3-Man commission
-1 Chairman/Commissioner -1 Chairman: Teofilo S. Pilando, Jr.
- 2 Associate Commissioners - 2 Commissioners: Angeline Chua-
Chiaco, Yolanda Reyes
Appointed by President Appointed by President
9 years term of office 7 years term of office

At least 40 years old
With valid license
Familiar with principles and methods of PRC
At least 5 years executive/management experience
Functions of PRC
Authorize to require refresher course
With recommendation of Council of Medical Technology
Monitor the Performance of Schools in Licensure
Can recommend closure of a program
Approve and release board exam results
Issue COR
Registration number
3 signs : MTB
1 sign: PRC Chairman
Recommend names of professionals for appointment of
various boards to President
5 years: 50% of National Passing Rate
Tardiness in Board Exams
Allowed provided late before 30 minutes and no one has
passed the paper yet
Manipulation, rigging of licensure examination
Leaking of questions
Tampering of grades
50,000 100,000
Imprisonment: 6 years and 1 day to 12 years and 1
Blood units that are confirmed to be contaminated with
communicable diseases shall be disposed of within how
many hours?
A. 24
B. 32
C. 48
D. 6
PAMET President who worked for the enactment and
approval of RA 5527.
A. Bernardo Tabaosares
B. Nardito Moraleta
C. Leila Florento
D. Charlemagne Tamondong
The Professional Regulation Commission
is composed of:
A. Chairperson and a commissioner and an
B. Chairperson and two commissioners
C. Chairperson and two associate commissioners
D. Associate commissioner and two members
Penaltyimposed if there is tampering of
grades in the board examination results
A. 12-20 years of imprisonment
B. 10 years of imprisonment
C. 8 years and 1 day to 10 years and 1 day
D. 6 years and 1 day to 12 years and 1 day
Law Title Date
RA 4688 __________________ June 18, 1966
RA 5527 The Philippine MT Act ____________
_______ Organ Donation Act January 7, 1992
_______ National Blood Services Act May 5, 1994
RA 8504 __________________ February 13, 1998

RA 8981 ___________________ ______________

_______ Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act June 7, 2002

A. RA 7170
B. December 5, 2000
C. PRC Modernization Act
D. RA 7719
E. June 21, 1969
F. Clinical Laboratory Act
G. The Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act
H. RA 9165
Law Title Date

RA 4688 F. Clinical Laboratory Act June 18, 1966

RA 5527 The Philippine MT Act of 1969 E. June 21, 1969

A. RA 7170 Organ Donation Act of 1991 January 7, 1992

D. RA 7719 National Blood Services Act of 1994 May 5, 1994

RA 8504 G. The Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act February 13, 1998
of 1998
RA 8981 C. PRC Modernization Act of 2000 B. December 5, 2000

H. RA 9165 Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 June 7, 2002

Moraleta, Nardito D. The Medical
Technology Profession and the Philippine
Laws on Medical Technology. 2015