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BAPIS

BY ----Arjun
Overview

BAPI stands for

BUSINESS APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE

It is also called as B+API

BUSINESS OBJECT REPOSITARY (BOR) :

It is a Repository of Business objects or container of

Business objects.

SWO1 is the tcode for Business objects

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BusninessObject
BY ----Arjun
Overview

BUSINESS OBJECT(BO) :

It is an object which is similar to class, which is group of


attributes methods, interfaces, key fields, events for a
particular Business Application or Scenario.

SW01 is the TCODE for Business Object Repository

Examples for Business objects are,

BUS1001 Materials

BUS2012 Purchase Order

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BUS1001

Methods are :

BAPI_Material _Get detail

BAPI_Material_GETLIST

BUS2012

Methods are :

BAPI_PO_GETDETAIL

BAPI_PO_GETITEMS

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Overview

What is BAPI?

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BAPI:

It is also an Remote Enable function module which is


used to communicate between SAP-SAP or SAP-
NONSAP servers.

Basically BAPI uses RFC Technology

In the Initial stage it is a RFC Function module

Later, this RFC Function module will be inserted into a


business object, Now it is converted into BAPI.

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Differences between RFC & BAPI

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Both are used to communicate between SAP-SAP &


NONSAP-SAP.

Both are remote enabled FM

The difference is,

RFCs are called as Standalone Function Modules.

BAPIs are part of Business Objects which are used to


communicate with other BAPIs, events, Interfaces,
attributes, Key fields etc., with in a single B.O.

This is not possible with RFCs. Because they are


standalone FMS

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Overview

USAGE OF BAPIS

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BAPIS are used in 3 scenarios.

1)Report generation using BAPIS

2)Using standard or custom BAPI to communicate


between SAP & NONSAP

3)Using BAPIs for uploading data into SAP instead of


BDC.

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RULES FOR BAPIS

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RULES FOR BAPIS:

Every BAPI should start with BAPI or ZBAPI.

All the Importing and Exporting parameters should be of


Type structures, not the direct Data Types.

All the structures must start with BAPI or ZBAPI.

All the Parameters must be pass by Value because


BAPIS doesnt support pass by reference.

Every BAPI should have a returning Parameter by Name


RETURN or BAPIRET2, to display success or error
messages.

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If BAPI is Success, we have to use another BAPI


BAPI_TRANSACTION_COMMIT to Save the Data into
Database Tables.

If the BAPI has error, use another BAPI


BAPI_TRANSACTION_ROLLBACK to revert back the
changes made to the Database Tables.

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Report generation using BAPIS

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Reports:

Develop a Report which displays Material Details

ZBAPI_MAT_REPORT.txt

Develop a Report which displays list of the Materials for


a given Range.

ZBAPI_MATNRSELECTION.txt

Develop a report which displays PO Details

Develop a report which displays list of items for a PO .

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Overview

Developing Custom BAPI

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Develop a Custom BAPI to display the Material details


which can be used by NON-SAP.

Step 1: Create structures for Importing and Exporting


Parameters.

Step2: Create a function module and make it as remote


enabled.

Step3 : Create a BO.

Step4 : Embed or insert RFC into BO so that it will be


converted into BAPI.

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Step 1: Create structures for Importing and Exporting


Parameters.

Go to SE11

Create a structure by Name ZBAPI_MATNR

Create a single field MATNR.

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Again Go to SE11

Create another structure by name ZBAPI_MARA

Create the fields MATNR, MTART, MBRSH, MEINS

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Step2: Create a function module ZBAPI_MAT_GET_DET


and make it as remote enabled

Goto SE37

Create a function module ZBAPI_MAT_GET_DET

Specify importing parameter as below with pass by


value.

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Specify Exporting parameter as below with pass by


value.

Ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss

Specify returning parameter as below:

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Overview

Write the below source code:

FUNCTION ZBAPI_MAT_GET_DET.

select SINGLE * from mara


into CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF mara
WHERE matnr = matnr .

ENDFUNCTION.

Save it.

Make the FM as REMOTE ENABLED .

Save, Activate and test it .

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Step3 : Create a BO

Go to SWO1Give the BO name as ZYBUS1001

Click on CreateSpecify the details as below :

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Put the cursor on methods

Click on Utilities API-METHODS ADD METHOD

Give the Function Module name as


ZBAPI_MAT_GET_DET

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Press enter

Click on NEXT STEP button

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Again click on NEXT STEP button

A pop-up is displayed with below message

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Click on Yes

Now our RFC is converted into BAPI

Click on SAVE Click on BACK

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Goto Object Type Change Release Status


Implemented

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Again Go to Object Type Change Release Status


Released

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Now our Business Object is released and it can be


visible/used by NON-SAP System

Mapping from NON-SAP fields to BAPI fields will be


done by NON-SAP Consultants.

The Remote connection between SAP and NON-SAP


Servers will be done by BASIS Consultants

As an ABAP Consultant, our role is to develop a BAPI


and give it to NON-SAP Consultants

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BAPIS For uploading Data

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Business Requirement:
Develop a program for uploading material
master data.

BAPI_MARAPROG.txt

MARA.txt
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