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Lamps for Interior Lighting

EE 515 Illumination Engineering

Lamp Types for Interior Lighting
1. Incandescent
2. Fluorescent
3. Metal Halide
4. High-pressure Sodium
Factors to consider when
choosing a lamp
1. Luminous efficacy
2. Lamp life
3. Lumen maintenance
4. Color factor
5. Auxiliary equipment
6. Miscellaneous factors
Comparison of Lamp Ratings
Lamp type Lamp efficacy Life (hr) % Lumen
(lm/W) depreciation
Incandescent 9-22 750-2,500 10-22
Fluorescent 45-95 7,500-20,000 11-28
Metal halide 80-115 7,500-15,000 13-22
High Pressure 80-140 12,000-24,000 8-10
Luminous efficacy
Lamp life
Lumen Maintenance (lumen
Incandescent depreciate in lumen output by 10 -22%
Fluorescent 100-h lumen value (initial lumen)
lumen depreciation is calculated from that point and is
based on 3 h per start.
40-W standard cool-white fluorescent lamp gives 3150
initial lumens (at 100 h) and 2650 lm at 70% of rated life
(14,000 h)
This its lumen depreciation factor is 0.84, or 16%
depreciation in lumen output.
HID - initial lumen rating at 100 h.
Lumen depreciation is in terms of mean lumens
Common white fluorescent lamps
1. Warm-white emits yellowish white light, makes a
space feel warmer
2. Cool-white emits a bluish white light, creates a
cooler atmosphere
3. Daylight very cool appearing source, a close match to
an overcast day.
HPS centered around its resonance radiation at
589nm, giving a noticeably yellowish-white light
Auxiliary equipment (Ballast)
Electronic ballast
1. Lighter
2. more efficient
3. do not have hum or flicker
4. Track record of life and reliability not yet established
Inductor ballast
1. Heavy
2. consume watts
3. produce heat
4. create noise
5. permit lamp flicker