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SECOND QUARTER MATHEMATICS - 6

CONTENT STANDARD
Demonstrate understanding of order of
operations, ratio and proportion, percent,
exponent, and integers

RUEL R. PALCONIT
NAUBAY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
LLORENTE, E. SAMAR
WEEK - 11
Day 1
Learning Competency
Expresses one value as a fraction of
another given their ratio and vice versa.
(M6NS IIa- 129)
Llorente Eastern Samar: (DCLM VII.)
FOOD and LOCAL PRODUCTS
Drill
Mentally: Add the following Fractions.
1.) 1/4+ 1/4+ 1/4
= 3/4

How to Add Fraction


Add the top/ numerators
Dont add the bottom/ denominators
Drill
Mentally: Subtract the following Fractions.
2.) 9/10 2/10
= 7/10

How to Subtract Fraction


Subtract the top/numerators
Dont subtract the bottom/ denominators
Establishing a purpose

What have you seen in


the pictures?

a. Look at the pictures, count


the number of girls and
boys in their respective
rows.
b. Write your answer on
your notebook.
Presentation c. Tabulate the data on your notebook as follows:

ROW NUMBER Row No. No. of Boys No. of Girls Number of


1 2 3 4 5 Pupils in a
Row

d. Ask:
1. How many children in its row?
2. How do you compare the number of boys to
the number of girls in Row 1? Row2?
- Compare Row 2 to Row 4?
e. Introduce the concept of ratio.
A ratio is a comparison of two numbers by
division.
To write ratios, use the word is to, a colon,
or a fraction bar.
EXAMPLE : John read 3 books in 4 days.
Write the ratio of books to days.
Words/phrase : Colon: Fraction:
3 is to 4
3:4 3/4
EXAMPLE #1: Carl and Patrick are twins. Carl
has 10 pieces of biribid and Patrick has 5
pieces of salukara . Write the ratios of
biribid to salukara. Expressed it as words,
colon and fraction.

Words/phrase : Colon: Fraction:


10 is to 5 10: 5 10/5
Performing the Activities

(Group Activity) 3 groups


There are 9 boys and 14 girls in grade six
section sampaguita.
Group 1: What is the ratio of girls to boys using a
14
fraction? 9
Group 2: What is the ratio of girls to children in
grade six section sampaguita (use a colon)?
14:23

Group 3: What is the ratio of boys to children in


grade six section sampaguita (use words)? 9 to 23
Processing the Activities

How did you find the activity?


Did you find the right answer?
How did you express one value as a ratio/fraction and
write them into three different ways/vice versa.
- As a words/ phrase
- As colon (:)
- As fraction
Developing Mastery

Collaborative Work

Can you express the following as ratios in three different


ways?
Fill in the chart. Expressed the ratios in simplest form.
As a As a
words/phrase fraction Using a colon(:)
1.) a box of pencil to 1 is to 50 1 / 50 1:50
50.00
2.) 5 mangoes to 2 5 is to 24 5 / 24 5:24
dozen of oranges
3.) 15 minutes to 2
15 is to 120 15/ 120 15:120
hours
Lets Investigate

As a As a
words/phrase fraction Using a colon(:)
3.) 15 minutes to 2
15 is to 120 15/ 120 15:120
hours

Try to examine the answer for number 3.


When ratio dealing with measurements, a ratio must be expressed
using the same unit of measurements.

Ex. 15 minutes to 2 hours


Since minutes and hours are different unit of measurement
we cannot answer immediately by writing as 15 :2, we must convert
first the hours into minutes. So, 2 hours = 120 minutes.
That is why, the answer of number 3 became 15:120.
Apply your skills

Your father told you to buy 2 kilos of kuyog


and 4 kilos of tarukog. Now using the three ways
in writing the ratio.
Expressed the ratio of tarukog to kuyog?
Generalization

How do we expressed one value as a fraction of


another given their ratio and vice versa.

A ratio is a comparison of two quantities.


A ratio can be written in three ways.
- as a words/phrase
- as a fraction
- using a colon
Generalization

A ratio maybe express in simplest


form.
The order of quantities must be
considered in writing a ratio.
When dealing with measurements, a
ratio must be expressed using the
same unit of measurements.
Evaluation
Expressed the ratio of the following in three ways.(word/phrase form,
colon form and fraction form)

1.) 3 books, 5 bags ratio of books to bags

2.) 10 candies, 2 chocolate bars, - ratio of chocolate bars to candies.

3.) 7 boys, 9 girls- ratio of girls to boys.

4. ) 3 dogs, 8 cats ratio of dogs to cats


5.) 6 forks,12 spoons ratio of spoons to forks.