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COMPUTER BASIC

OPERATIONS

RHODORA L. TABIGNE
Master Teacher I
CONCEPT MAP

Computer Basic Operations

Getting to Known Computer Basic Operations

Components of computer Turning on computer


Dangerous parts of Turning off computer
computer
Negative effects of
computer for health
Arrangement of computer
set
Introduction
Definition of computer:
A set of electronic devices that work together. (Supriyanto &
Fauziah, 2010: 79)

Computer characteristics:
1. Having a quick and precise accessing ability.
2. Producing information from the previous data.
3. Having the ability to process a large data into information.
4. Having the ability to store a mass of data (up to giga byte).
5. Having the ability to import and export data that is
specially design.
QUESTIONS

Why is computer
categorized as an
electronic device?

Find out the


disadvantages of a
computer?
Components of computer
Hardware
Software
Brainware (user,
operator, administrator)
Hardware
Hardware is the
machinery and electronic
parts of a computer
system.

Hardware consist of:


Input device: keyboard
and mouse
Processing device: CPU
(Central Processing Unit)
and storage media
Output device: monitor
and printer
Software

Software is a program containing instructions written in


computer language comprehended by computer hardware.

Kinds of software:
1. Operating system software
Used as:
a. Interpreter
b. Hardware configuration
c. File management
Software

2. Application software
Used to process electronic data.

Based on the function, application software can divide into


a. Software for word processing
b. Software for spreadsheet processing
c. Software for statistic data processing
d. Software for database processing
e. Software for cad (computer-aided design)
f. Software for image processing
g. Programming language software to make personal
application
BRAINWARE

Brainware is a term used to refer to the people


who work in computer fields.
Its consist of:
1. User / Operator a person who operates a
computer
2. Administrator a person who
organizes/design the work system, work
sequence, data processing, and output
DANGEROUS PARTS OF
COMPUTER
1. Monitor
Produce a highly
intense light.
A screen filter has to
be placed to avoid
damage on our eyes
due to the light
radiation
DANGEROUS PARTS OF
COMPUTER
2. CPU (Central
Processing Unit)
do not touch directly
with wet hands
because we can be
electrified by electric
current in it.
DANGEROUS PARTS OF
COMPUTER
3. Computers cables
Must placed far from
water because it can
cause short-circuit. The
short-circuit. Can cause
fire.

4. Keyboard
Avoid water spill because it
can cause keyboard to
hang/malfunction
Keyboard with spilled
water or wet material can
cause short circuit or
electricity us when used.
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF
COMPUTER FOR HEALTH
1. Disturbance on eyes and head (computer vision syndrome).
Such as: pain or headache, dry eyes and irritation, tired eyes,
a weak ability of eyes focus, blurry vision (astigmatism,
myopia, presbyopia), double vision, color disorientation.
2. Disturbance on arms and hands. Such as: ache on the wrist
resulted from tendon disturbance, elbow pain, Carpal Tunnel
Syndrome.
3. Disturbance on neck, shoulder, back, and waist.
ARRANGEMENT OF COMPUTER SET
AND THE CORRECT BODY POSITION
The right and correct arrangement is the best way in avoiding
discomfort and health disturbances.
1. Work place
Arrange the most comfortable position of computer and
other device.
Arrange desk with consideration of how the device would
be used.
Arrange the lighting of your work place optimally.
Put book, report, or other printed material used while
working near the monitor. You can put under or next to it.
2. Chair and body position
Choose a comfortable, adjustable, and back-supported
chair.
Could you explain the right and correct
arrangement of mouse and keyboard?