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reserved and cautious in speech, behavior, etc." is from 1728. Related:

Guardedly; guardedness evasive. To be evasive is to avoid something,

whether it's a touchy subject or the person who's "it" in a game of tag. If you're dodging

the truth and not giving straight answers, then you're being evasive.

an occasion when someone shows that they do not agree with or like something omeone is unfriendly or shows that they do not like something: hostility

Haughtiness hɔːtɪnəs/

Noun the appearance or quality of being arrogantly superior and disdainful.

Someone who is haughty is arrogant and full of pride. When you're haughty, you have a big attitude and act like you're better than other people. A haughty person acts superior and looks down on others. Haughty people are disdainful, overbearing, prideful, swaggering, and obnoxious.

Hostility is seen as form of emotionally charged aggressive behavior. In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym for anger and aggression. It appears in several psychological theories.

The destructive traits, hostility and verbal aggressiveness, lead to dissatisfaction in communication and relationship deterioration. Destructive verbal aggressiveness is used for revenge, teasing, and to manipulate others. Verbal aggressiveness is destructive and links to the hostility trait.

The definition of combative is a person who likes to fight or argue. An example of combative is a person who likes to debate about everything. An example of combative is someone who picks fights with strangers.

Combative Behavior is a term often used to describe physical aggression in people with

dementia. Combativeness can include hitting,

pushing, kicking, spitting, and grabbing.


pəˈplɛksɪti/ noun 1. inability to deal with or understand something. "she paused in perplexity" synonyms:confusion, bewilderment, puzzlement, bafflement, incomprehension, lack of comprehension, mystification, bemusement, befu

ddlement; More


ɪnˈɡreɪʃɪeɪtɪŋ/ adjective intended to gain approval or favour; sycophantic. "an ingratiating manner" synonyms:sycophantic, toadying, fawning, crawlin g, creeping, unctuous, obsequious, servile, submi

ssive, Uriah Heepish; More

Ingratiation is a psychological technique in which an individual attempts to influence, manipulate or control another by becoming more attractive or likeable to their target. This term was coined by social psychologist Edward E. Jones.

Akathisia is a movement disorder characterized by a feeling of inner restlessness and a compelling need to be in constant

motion, as well as by actions such as rocking

while standing or sitting, lifting the feet as if marching on the spot, and crossing and uncrossing the legs while sitting.

a habitual spasmodic contraction of the muscles, most often in the face.: tics

catatonic. Use the adjective catatonic to describe someone who is in an unresponsive

stupor, as if suffering from a mental disorder.


Catatonic schizophrenia, for example,

has symptoms that can include physical immobility, unresponsiveness, or strange movements.

stupor ˈstjuːpə/ noun

a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility.

"a drunken stupor"

Pressure of speech is a tendency to speak rapidly and frenziedly, as if motivated by an urgency not apparent to the listener. The speech produced, sometimes called pressured speech, is difficult to interrupt. It may be too fast, or too tangential for the listener to understand. It is an example of cluttered speech.

In psychology, alogia (Greek ἀ-, “without”, and λόγος, “speech”), or poverty of speech, is a general lack of additional, unprompted content seen in normal speech. As a symptom, it is commonly seen in patients suffering from schizophrenia, and is considered a negative symptom

Dysprosody, which may manifest as pseudo-foreign accent syndrome, refers to a disorder in which one or

more of the prosodic functions are either compromised or eliminated completely. Prosody refers to the variations in melody, intonation, pauses,

stresses, intensity, vocal quality, and accents of speech.

Prosody is the study of the tune and rhythm of speech and how these features contribute to meaning. Prosody is the study of those aspects of speech that typically apply to a level above that of the

individual phoneme and very often to sequences of words (in prosodic phrases).Jul 23, 2015




gerund or present participle: stuttering

talk with continued involuntary repetition of sounds, especially initial consonants.

"the child was stuttering in fright"

synonyms:stammer, stumble, speak haltingly, falter, speak

falteringly, flounder, hesitate, pause, halt; More say something with difficulty, repeating the initial consonants of

words. "he shyly stuttered out an invitation to the cinema"

(of a machine or gun) produce a series of short, sharp sounds.

"she flinched as a machine gun stuttered nearby"

Stuttering, also known as stammering, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases as well as involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the person who stutters is unable to produce sounds.




gerund or present participle: stammering

speak with sudden involuntary pauses and a tendency to repeat the initial letters of words.

"he turned red and started stammering"

synonyms:stutter, speak haltingly, stumble over one's words, hesitate, falter, fumble for words, pause, halt, mumble, splutter"he always began to stammer when he was under pressure"

say something with difficulty, repeating the initial letters of words

and with sudden involuntary pauses.

"‘I … I can't,’ Isabel stammered"

Cluttering (also called tachyphemia or tachyphrasia) is a speech and communication disorder characterized by a rapid rate of speech, erratic (ot even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable. )rhythm, and poor syntax or grammar, making speech difficult to understand.

Verbigeration is obsessive repetition of random words. It is similar to preservation, in which a person repeats words in response to a stimulus. However,verbigeration occurs when a person repeats words without a stimulus.

the constant or obsessive repetition of meaningless words or phrases.

Clang associations are groupings of words,

usually rhyming words, that are based on similar-sounding sounds, even though the

words themselves don't have any logical

reason to be grouped together. A person who is speaking this way may be showing signs of psychosis in bipolar disorder or in


flight of ideas. noun, Psychiatry. 1. a rapid flow of thought, manifested by accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to

topic: a symptom of some mental illnesses,

especially manic disorder


[tan-jen″she-al´ĭ- te]a pattern of speech characterized by obliqu

e, digressive, or irrelevant replies to questions; the responses never approach thepoint of the questions. It differs from CIRCUMSTANTIALITY, in which the responder eventually reaches the p


Circumstantial speech (also referred to ascircumstantiality) is the result of a so called "non-linear thought pattern" and occurs when

the focus of a conversation drifts, but often

comes back to the point.


[ser″kum-stan″she-al´ĭ- te]a disturbed pattern of speech or writing ch

aracterized by delay in getting to the point bec

ause of the interpolation ofunnecessary detail s and irrelevant remarks; seen in persons with

schizophrenia and obsessive- compulsive disorders. Seealso TANGENTIALITY.


[ster´e-o- ti″pe]the persistent repetition of senseless acts or words, frequently oc curring in disorders such as autistic disorder andschizophrenia; called also stereotypy-habit disorder.

Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and

Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of

Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved. ster·e·o·ty·py

(ster'ē-ō-tī'pē),1. Maintenance of one attitude for a long period.

2. Constant repetition of certain meaningless gestures or movements, as in certain forms of schizophrenia.

[stereo- + G. typos, impression, type]

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


/ster·eo·ty·py/ (ster´e-o- ti″pe) persistent repetition or sameness of acts, ideas, or words.Dorlan d's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserve