Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 51

50 CIRCUIT SYMBOLS

SUBMITTED BY: PAUL CASAPAO


GROUND/EARTH
is the reference point
in anelectrical
circuitfrom which
voltages are
measured, a common
return path forelectric
current, or a direct
physical connection to
theEarth.
SINGLE CELL BATTERY
A single cell or other power source is
represented by a long and a short
parallel line. A collection of cells or
battery is represented by a collection
of long and short parallel lines.
AC SUPPLY

Used as AC power supply, that


is, the current will keep
alternating directions.
AMMETER
Measures electric
current. Has near zero
resistance. Connected
serially.
VOLTMETER
Measures voltage. Has
very high resistance.
Connected in parallel.
OHMETER
Measures resistance
WATTMETER
Measures electric
power
LIGHT BULB
Generates light when
current flows through
VOLTAGE SOUCE
Generates constant
voltage
CURRENT SOURCE
Generates constant
current.
GENERATOR
Electrical voltage is
generated by
mechanical rotation of
the generator
INDEPENDENT
VOLTAGE SORCE
Generates voltage as a
function of voltage or
current of other circuit
element.
INDEPENDENT
CURRENT SOURCE
Generates current as a
function of voltage or
current of other circuit
element.
INDUCTOR
Coil / solenoid that
generates magnetic
field
CAPACITOR
Capacitor is used to
store electric charge. It
acts as short circuit
withAC and open
circuit with DC.
WIRE
Conductor of electrical
current
CHASSIS GROUND
Connected to the
chassis of the circuit
RESISTOR
Resistor reduces the
current flow.
POTENTIOMETER
Adjustable resistor -
has 3 terminals.
VARIABLE CAPACITOR
Adjustable capacitance
DIODE
Diode allows current
flow in one direction
only - left (anode) to
right (cathode).
ZENER DIODE
Allows current flow in
one direction, but also
can flow in the reverse
direction when above
breakdown voltage
SCHOTTKY DIODE
Schottky diode is a
diode with low voltage
drop
VARACTOR DIODE
Variable capacitance
diode
LED DIODE
LED emits light when
current flows through
PHOTO DIODE
Photodiode allows
current flow when
exposed to light
NPN BIPOLAR
TRANSISTOR
Allows current flow
when high potential at
base (middle)
JFET-N TRANSISTOR
N-channel field effect
transistor
MOTOR
Electric motor
TRANSFORMER
Change AC voltage
from high to low or low
to high.
BELL
Rings when activated
BUZZER
Produce buzzing sound
FUSE
The fuse disconnects
when current above
threshold. Used to
protect circuit from
high currents.
Digital-to-Analog
converter (DAC)
Converts digital
signal/numbers to
analog signal
ANTENNA
is an electrical device
which convertselectric
power intoradio
waves, and vice versa.
LOUDSPEAKER
Converts electrical
signal to sound waves
MICROPHONE
Converts sound waves
to electrical signal
OPERATIONAL
AMPLIFIER
Amplify input signal
SCHMITT TRIGGER
Operates with
hysteresis to reduce
noise.
DIPOLE ANTENNA
Two wires simple
antenna
BUS
Contains several
wires. Usually for
data / address.
RHEOSTAT
Arheostat is used to
control the current flow
with two contacts.
Applicable in
controlling lamp
brightness, capacitor
charge rate, etc.
FET TRANSISTOR
aFEThas three
terminals, the Gate,
Source and Drain. The
device has an electric
field that controls the
conductivity of a
channel of one type
charge carrier in a
semiconductor
substance.
Iron core inductor
Inductor that uses iron
as a core
SPST TOGGLE SWITCH
Disconnects current
when open
SPDT TOGGLE SWITCH
Selects between two
connections
Pushbutton Switch (N.O)
Momentary switch -
normally open
CONNECTED WIRES
Connected crossing
NOT CONNECTED
WIRES
Wires are not
connected
DIP SWITCH
DIP switch is used for
onboard configuration