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ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODES

Rochelle Lee
Department of Physics
Yeungnam University
October 19,2016
OUTLINE

Principle
Light Emission
OLED Types
2layer OLED VS 3layer OLED(Simulation)
PRINCIPLE OF OLEDS
HOMO and LUMO compared to solid state
Organic Lowest unoccupied molecular
Semiconductor orbital(LUMO)

Band gap

Highest occupied molecular


orbital(HOMO)

Solid State
Semiconductor
Bandgap
Light Emission in Organic Materials

Photoluminescence(PL)

-
light Excited State light

- - - - - - - - - - -
Ground State Ground State Ground State

Electroluminescence(EL)
-
-
Electric Field Cathode Cathode light
Cathode

-
Anode
- - - - Anode
- - - Anode - - - -
Ground State Ground State Ground State
Light Emission Process In OLED

Light 1. Carrier Injection ( hole and electron injection)


Output
2. Carrier transport(hole and electron transport

3. Electron-hole recombination and exciton


formation

4. Radiative and non-radiative recombination of


excitons and energy transfer
OLED by driving method

AMOLED PMOLED
2 layers vs 3 layers OLED
Silvaco Simulation

2 layers 3layers
2 layers vs 3 layers OLED
Silvaco Simulation

Current/ Voltage Characteristics Luminescent Power


2 layers vs 3 layers OLED
Silvaco Simulation
Langevin Recombination Rate
REFERENCES

1. LEDs and OLEDs - How it Works, Inventors. YouTube (2016), (available at


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8quZrUcRFlw&t=319s).
2. H. Lee, Introduction of organic Semiconductor (2016).
3. J. Lee, OLED Introduction (2016).
4. Atlas Users Guide, Silvaco, Santa Clara,USA
5. Kavala, A quantitative numerical model of multilayer vapor deposited organic
. Slideshare.net (2014), (available at
http://www.slideshare.net/AjayaKavala/a-quantitative-numerical-model-of-
multilayer-vapor-deposited-organic-light-emitting).
THANK YOU
QUESTIONS?