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1.) A transparent material

along which we can
transmit light is called
a.) Fiber optics
b.) Flashlight
c.) An optic fiber

d.) Xenon bulb

2.) A simple fiber optic system
would consist of

a.) A light source, an optic fiber

and a photoelectric cell
b.) A laser, an optic fiber and an
c.) A copper coaxial cable, a
laser and a photoelectric cell
d.) An LED, a CRT and a light
3.) Optic fiber is normally
made from
a.) Coherent glass and xenon
b.) Copper
c.) Water
d.) Silica glass or plastic
4.) The following are the
advantages of optical fiber
system except
a.) Greater capacity
b.) Crosstalk immunity
c.) Safer to handle
d.) Lower initial cost of
5.) Plastic fibers have the
following advantages over
glass fibers except
a.) Flexibility
b.) Ease of installation
c.) Ruggedness
d.) Low attenuation
6.) This explains how a light
may react when it meets the
interface of two transmission
materials that have different
indices of refraction.
a.) Huygens' Law
b.) Nyquist's Theorem
c.) Snell's Law
d.) Quantum Theory
7.) In Optical fibers,

a.) The core and cladding have

the same index of refraction
b.) The core and cladding have
the same area
c.) The core surrounds the cladding
d.) The cladding surrounds the
8.) A type of fiber whereby light
rays take many paths between
the source and the receiver.
a.) Monomode

b.) Multimode

c.) Single mode

d.) Step index

9.) A figure of merit used to
measure the light gathering or
light collection ability of the
optical fiber.
a.) Acceptance angle
b.) Numerical aperture
c.) Acceptance cone
d.) Critical angle
10.) The basic optical fiber
communications system
consists of the following
a.) Optical source
b.) Photodetector
c.) Transmission medium
d.) 48 v power supply
11.) Optical fibers can be
made out of

a.) Glass
b.) Plastic
c.) Combination of both
d.) Any of these
12.) In ________, the core has
an index of refraction that
changes continuously from
the center to the outside.
a.) Step index
b.) Graded index
c.) Monomode
d.) Multimode
13.) The following are causes
of attenuation and loss of
optical power within the fiber
a.) Microbending loss
b.) Connector loss
c.) Splicing loss
d.) Ohmic loss
14.) For a signal to be
propagated through the optical
fiber, the angle of incidence
should be________ the critical
a.) Greater than
b.) Less than

c.) Equal to
d.) None of these
15.) A ray of light in a
transparent material of
refractive index 1.5 is
approaching a material with a
refractive index of 1.48. At the
boundary, the critical angle is
a.) 90 degrees
b.) 9.4 degrees
c.) 75.2 degrees
d.) 80.6 degrees
16.) The first material has a
refractive index of 1.51 and the
angle of incidence is 38 degrees
and the second material has a
refractive index of 1.46. What is
the angle of refraction?
a.) 30.55 degrees
b.) 39.55 degrees
c.) 75.2 degrees
d.) 40.55 degrees
17.) If the refractive index of the
core of an optic fiber was 1.47
and that of the cladding was
1.33,the cone of acceptance
would have an angle of
a.) 17.19 degrees
b.) 72.82 degrees
c.) 78.4 degrees
d.) 38.76 degrees
18.) In free space, light travels
at approximately

a.) 186000 m/sec

b.) 3 x 10exp9 m/sec
c.) 300 m/sec
d.) 0.3m/nsec
19.) Scattering loss is caused
a.) Insufficient stirring of the
ingredients during manufacture
b.) Changes in the density of
the fiber due to uneven rates
of cooling
c.) Microscopic cracks in the
cladding which allow leakage of
the vacuum in the core
d.) Impurities in the fiber
20.) Cleaving is the process of

a.) Removing the cladding before

connecting fibers together
b.) Cutting the end of the fiber in
preparation for connecting two
c.) Cleaning the surface of optic
d.) Inspecting fibers for flaws
21.) A typical value of
insertion loss for a
mechanical splice
a.) -50 dB
b.) 0.2 dB
c.) 12 mm
d.) 3 dB
22.) The speed of light in a
transparent material
a.) Is always the same regardless
of the material chosen
b.) Is never greater than the
speed of light in free space
c.) Increases if the light enters a
material with a higher refractive
d.) Is slowed down by a factor of
1 million within the first 60
23.) The following are light
detectors in fiber optic
communications system
a.) ILD
b.) PIN diode
c.) APD
d.) None of these
24.) The following are three
distinct regions of an optical
fiber except
a.) Core
b.) Cladding
c.) Jacket
d.) Coating
25.) The maximum angle in
which external light rays may
strike the air fiber interface
and still propagate down the
a.) Critical angle
b.) Acceptance angle
c.) Numerical aperture
d.) Beamwidth
26.) Which of the following
combinations is impossible for
optical fibers?

a.) Plastic core and cladding

b.) Glass core and cladding
c.) Plastic core and glass
d.) Glass core and plastic
27.) The scientist who coined
the term "Fiber Optics"

a.) Hopkins
b.) Hansel
c.) Kapany
d.) Van Heel
28.) A technology for carrying
many signals of different
capacities through a
synchronous, flexible optical
a.) PDH
b.) SDH
d.) ATM
29.) Two digital signals whose
transmission occur at almost
the same rate are

a.) Plesiochronous
b.) Synchronous
c.) Asyncronous
d.) Mesochronous
30.) SONET systems are

a.) Twisted pair copper based

b.) Fiber optic technology
c.) Hybrid fiber coax technology
d.) Wireless technology
31.) The band of light
wavelengths that are too long
to be seen by the human eye.

a.) Amber
b.) Visible
c.) Infrared
d.) Ultraviolet
32.) Which color has the
shortest wavelength of light?

a.) Red
b.) Yellow
c.) Blue
d.) Green
33.) The loss of signal power
as it travels down the fiber is

a.) Dispersion
b.) Scattering
c.) Absorption
d.) Attenuation
34.) What is a specific path
the light takes in an optical
fiber, corresponding to a
certain angle and number of
a.) Mode
b.) Grade
c.) Numerical aperture
d.) Dispersion
35.) The width of the range of
wavelengths emitted by light

a.) Bandwidth
b.) Chromatic dispersion
c.) Spectral width
d.) Beamwidth
36.) Which theory states that
light wave behaves as if it
consists of many tiny
a.) Huygens'
b.) Nyquist's
c.) Doppler's
d.) Quantum
37.) Fiber optic cables
operate at frequencies near

a.) 20 MHz
b.) 200 MHz
c.) 2 GHz
d.) 800 THz
38.) When a beam of light
enters one medium from
another, which quantity will
not change?
a.) Direction
b.) Speed
c.) Frequency
d.) None of these
39.) Dispersion caused by the
difference in the propagation
times of light rays that take
different paths down the fiber.
a.) Material
b.) Wavelength
c.) Modal
d.) Delay
40.) A non-coherent light
source for optical
communications system.

a.) ILD
b.) LED
c.) APD
d.) PIN diode
41.) The numerical aperture of
a fiber if the angle of
acceptance is 15 degrees is

a.) 0.17
b.) 0.26
c.) 0.50
d.) 0.75
42.) Single frequency light is

a.) Pure
b.) Intense
c.) Coherent
d.) Monochromatic
43.) What is the unit of light

a.) Micron
b.) Angstrom
c.) Mils
d.) Fathom
44.) A high speed LAN defined
by ANSI using fiber optic

a.) NTSC
b.) SDH
c.) FDDI
45.) What is the process of
using two or more light
sources at different
wavelengths each separately
modulated with the same
a.) SDH
b.) FDM
c.) TDM
d.) WDM
46.) The European standard
for synchronous transmission
over fiber optic networks.

a.) NTSC
b.) SDH
c.) FDDI
47.) What is the light source
typically used in single mode
optical fiber?

a.) Phototransistor
b.) Laser
c.) Photoresistor
d.) LED
48.) An OTDR is used for
a.) Fault location
b.) Splice and connector
c.) Loss per unit length
d.) All of these
49.) The coupling loss due to
angular deviation from the
optimum alignment of source
to the fiber optic cable.
a.) Lateral misalignment
b.) Gap misalignment
c.) Angular misalignment
d.) Numerical aperture loss
50.) Which of the following is
used to protect the core and
the cladding of the fiber?

a.) Insulation
b.) Plastic
c.) Glass
d.) Kevlar strength members
51.) Determine the
acceptance angle of light
passing to a glass having a
refractive index of 1.56 to
ethyl having a refractive index
of 1.51.
a.) 17.7 degrees
b.) 21.3 degrees
c.) 23 degrees
d.) 25 degrees
52.) Calculate the energy of
the photon of infrared light
energy at 1.55 um.

a.) 1.28 x 10exp-19 J

b.) 1.6 x 10exp19 J
c.) 1.22 x 10exp-16 J
d.) 1.9 x 10exp-14 J
53.) The amount of power per
unit area in optical fiber is

a.) Irradiance
b.) Radiance
c.) Reflectance
d.) Permeance
54.) Light at 1.55 um in air has
what energy in eV?

a.) 1.2 eV
b.) 1 eV
c.) 0.6 eV
d.) 0.8 eV
55.) An object farther from a
converging lens than its focal
point always has an ____
a.) Virtual
b.) The same in size
c.) Inverted
d.) Smaller size
56.) What parts of the body
are most sensitive to laser

a.) Hair
b.) Nails
c.) Eye and skin
d.) Teeth
57.) Who was the first person
who actually produced laser

a.) Maiman
b.) Edison
c.) Einstein
d.) Volta
58.) One of the advantages of
fiber optics which is referred
to the volume of capacity of
signals it can carry.
a.) Security
b.) Weight
c.) Bandwidth
d.) Physical size
59.) 1 micron is equal to _____

a.) 10exp-6
b.) 10exp-12
c.) 10exp-15
d.) 10exp-18
60.) The small proportion of
light scattered by Rayleigh
scattering which is returned
towards the source.
a.) Optoscatter
b.) Standing waves
c.) Return loss
d.) Backscatter
61.) Dispersion caused by
different wavelengths
contained in the transmitted
a.) Intermodal
b.) Chromatic
c.) Optical
d.) Any of these
62.) A ray that always passes
through the core axis as it is

a.) Axial
b.) Meridional
c.) Skew
d.) Direct
63.) The typical cladding
diameter of an optical fiber

a.) 8 um
b.) 10 to 100 um
c.) 125 um
d.) 800 to 1550 um
64.) The typical core diameter
of an optical fiber is

a.) 8 um
b.) 62.5 um
c.) 125 um
d.) 800 to 1550 um
65.) A reflection that occurs
from a surface whenever
there is a sudden change in
the refractive index at the end
of the fiber.
a.) Total internal
b.) Reflection loss
c.) Fresnel reflection
d.) Backscatter
66.) The first device used to
transmit voice using light as a

a.) Edison bulb

b.) Phonograph
c.) Photophone
d.) Lincompex
67.) An elementary quantity of
radiant energy which can be
considered as particles of
a.) Photons
b.) Lumens
c.) Electrons
d.) Optimons
68.) What is the wave or pulse
that does not disperse or lose
its shape as it propagates
through a medium?
a.) Photons
b.) Coherent source
c.) Optimon
d.) Soliton
69.) Where can one found a
fiber to detector connector?

a.) Transmitter
b.) Receiver
c.) LED circuit block
d.) Analog transmitter bl
70.) What skin damage occurs
when exposed to laser

a.) Erythema
b.) Hematoma
c.) Gout
d.) Eczema