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Adult Bible Study Guide

Jul Aug Sep 2017

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Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide
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THE GOSPEL IN
GALATIANS

Carl P. Cosaert Principal Contributor


The Gospel in Galatians
Contents
1 Paul: Apostle to the Gentiles Background
2 Pauls Authority and Gospel 1; 5:12
3 The Unity of the Gospel 2:1-14
4 Justification by Faith Alone 2:15-21
5 Old Testament Faith 3:1-14
6 The Priority of the Promise 3:15-20
7 The Road to Faith 3:21-25
8 From Slaves to Heirs 3:26-4:20
9 Pauls Pastoral Appeal 4:12-20
10 The Two Covenants 4:21-31
11 Freedom in Christ 5:1-15
12 Living by the Spirit 5:16-25
13 The Gospel and the Church 6:1-10
14 Boasting in the Cross 6:11-18
The Gospel in Galatians
Our Goal

To reflect on our own


understanding of the gospel.
Allow Gods Spirit to spark a
spiritual revival in our hearts as we
rediscover what God has done for
us in Christ.
The Gospel in Galatians
Lesson 12, September 16

Living by the Spirit


Living by the Spirit
Key Text

Galatians 5:16 ESV


But I say, walk by the Spirit, and
you will not gratify the desires of
the flesh.
Living by the Spirit
Initial Words

As believers we possess two natures,


flesh
the fleshand Spirit
and the inand
Spirit, conflict
they are
in conflict.
Although our sinful nature will always
be prone to wander from God, if we
are willing to surrender to His Spirit,
we do not have to be enslaved to the
desires of the flesh.
Living by the Spirit
Quick Look

1. Conflicting Desires
(Galatians 5:16-18)
2. Desires of the Flesh
(Galatians 5:19-21)
3. Desires of the Spirit
(Galatians 5:22, 23)
Living by the Spirit
1. Conflicting Desires
Galatians 5:16-18 NKJV
I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you
shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.
For the flesh lusts against the flesh;
and these are contrary to one
another, so that you do not do the
things that you wish.
But if you are led by the Spirit, you
are not under the law.
1. Conflicting Desires
Walking in the Spirit

Walking is a metaphor drawn from


the Old Testament that refers to the
way a person should behave.
Conduct in the Old Testament
simply was not defined as walking
but more particularly as
walking in the law.
1. Conflicting Desires
Walking in the Spirit

Pauls comments about walking


in the Spirit are not contrary to
obedience to the law.
The genuine obedience that God
desires never can be achieved by
outward compulsion but only by an
inward motivation produced by the
Spirit (Gal. 5:18).
1. Conflicting Desires
The Christian Conflict

The struggle refers specifically to the


inward tug-of-war that exists in the
Christian.
Because humans are born in
harmony with the desires of the flesh
(Rom. 8:7), it is only when we are
born anew by the Spirit that a real
spiritual conflict begins to emerge
(John 3:6).
1. Conflicting Desires
The Christian Conflict

We are literally on both sides of the


battle at once.
The spiritual part of us desires what
is spiritual and detests the flesh.
The fleshly part of us, however, longs
for the things of the flesh and
opposes what is spiritual.
1. Conflicting Desires
The Christian Conflict

Because the converted mind is too


weak to resist the flesh by itself,
the only hope we have of subduing
the flesh is by making a daily
decision to side with the Spirit
against our sinful selves.
This is why Paul is so insistent that
we choose to walk in the Spirit.
Living by the Spirit
2. Desires of the Flesh

Galatians 5:19-21 NKJV


Now the works of the flesh
areadultery, fornication,
uncleanness, licentiousness, idolatry,
sorcery, hatred, contentions,
jealousies,
outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions,
dissentions, heresies, envy, murders,
2. Desires of the Flesh
Two Differences

First, even though Paul contrasts the


two lists, he does not refer to them in
the same manner.
He labels the vice list as the works of
the flesh but the virtue list as the
fruit of the Spirit.
2. Desires of the Flesh
Two Differences

Second, the vice list is labeled plural:


plural works
works of the flesh. Fruit of the
singular fruit
Spirit, is singular. This suggest that
the life lived in the flesh can promote
nothing more than division, turmoil,
divisiveness, and disunity. In contrast,
the life lived in the Spirit produces one
fruit which manifests itself in nine
qualities that foster unity.
Living by the Spirit
3. Desires of the Spirit

Galatians 5:22, 23 NKJV


But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy,
peace, longsuffering, kindness,
goodness, faithfulness, gentleness,
self-control.

Against such there is no law.


3. Desires of the Spirit
Relation to Ten Commandments

he Ten Commandments are not an


alternative to love; they help guide us
in how we are to show love, both to
God and to humankind.
However much it might transcend the
letter of the law, love is not in conflict
with the law.
3. Desires of the Spirit
The Virtue of Love

Love should be seen as the cardinal


Christian virtue that is the key to all
other virtues.
Love is the preeminent fruit of the
Spirit, and it should define the life
and attitudes of every Christian,
however difficult at times it might be
to show love.
Final Words
Way to Victory

Five key verbs that describe the type


of life in which the Spirit reigns:
1. Walk in the Spirit (vs 16 to
follow).
2. To be led (vs 18).
3. To live (vs 25).
4. To walk (vs 25 to conform).
5. To crucify (vs 24).