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Xphe Workshop

Workshop Goal

Learn how to use Xphe effectively by


Presenting capabilities
Working a series of examples


Xphe

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Schedule
Morning
Plate-and-frame geometry
Process specifications


Afternoon

Fluid property specifications


Design and analysis methods

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Program Description

Xphe is a calculation engine/interface


combination that calculates heat
transfer and pressure drop performance
for plate-and-frame exchangers.

Xphe

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Overview

Module 1 (Plate-and-Frame Geometry)


Program capabilities
Graphical user interface
Module 2 (Process Specifications)
Rating and simulations
Performance parameters

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Overview

Module 3 (Fluid Property Specifications)


Grid properties
Component by component
Module 4 (Design and analysis methods)
User-specified f- and j- curves
Condensation
Boiling
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Module 1
Plate-and-Frame Geometry

Geometry supported
Plate types, passes, port arrangement
Geometry input
Plate type
Plate group
Plate configuration
Port configuration
Design mode
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Xphe Geometry
Plate-and-frame construction
Rectangular plate with four ports
One or two plate types yielding up to three
effective chevron angles
One six hot/cold passes

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Xphe Geometry

Cocurrent or countercurrent flow


within a pass
U- or Z-flow for one pass
User-defined or data bank plate
geometry

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Incrementation
Xphe
Analyzes exchanger by dividing it into multiple
small pieces
Solves heat transfer and pressure drop in
each increment using local physical properties
Overall results integrate incremental
results
Increments
Allow more accurate calculations
Consider effects such as maldistribution
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Incrementation
End Plates

10

1 2 3 4 5 6

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Required Input

Red outlines around icons


indicate required input

Red arrows indicate


subordinate panel
containing required input

Red outlines on
input fields indicate
required input

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Plate Geometry

Internal plate databank


User-defined plate types
Input maximums
Maximum of 12 plate groups
6 hot/cold passes each with only one channel type
3 hot/cold passes each with two channel types
2 hot/cold pass each with three channel types

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Plate Geometry
Effective heat
transfer area

Chevron
angle
Vertical
distance
between
ports

Horizontal distance
between ports
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Plate Geometry

Chevron angle and area per plate required


0.6 mm thickness, by default

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Port Geometry Data
Port diameter and vertical/horizontal
distance between ports required

Channel width and


effective length
based on port data

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Plate Configuration

Flow diagram matches


specified number of
passes and flow configuration

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Plate Configuration

Per pass Number of channels per fluid per pass


(For uneven passes this number is for
smaller number of passes.)
Total Total number of channels per fluid
User defined User-specified number of channels for
each plate section
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Plate Configuration

Number of different
channel types

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Plate Configuration

Mixture of plate types

Total channels
for both fluids

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Multiple Plate Types
Use one or two plate types to form channel
Five plate types maximum for plate pack
Example: with two plate types, 3 channel types
available
1/1
1/2
2/2

Specify arrangement of plates on Plate


Configuration panel
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Why Use Multiple Plates?
Manufacturers produce finite set of plate
types/chevron angles
Heat transfer and pressure drop is function
of chevron angle
Effective chevron angle for mixed plate
types is average of two chevron angles
User can balance heat transfer and
pressure drop requirements by mixing plate
types
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Multiple Plates Example

Plate Type 1 Plate Type 2


(e.g., 30 degree) (e.g., 60 degree)

Effective
Chevron 30 45 60
Angle

1/1 1/2 2/2


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Port Arrangement

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Port Arrangement
Use drop-down menu to
switch frame/pressure plate
between left and right
drawing. No effect on
calculations.

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Port Arrangement

To change port configuration,


right-click any port location

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Design
Specified exchanger duty and process
conditions
Some elements of exchanger geometry
optimized to meet design constraints
Required duty
Maximum pressure drop
Port velocity
Plate type(s) defined

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Design Algorithm

Two design algorithms/strategies


available
Select desired option on Input Summary
panel

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Classic Design
Specify case as usual
Select Classic Design
Run case
Algorithm automatically adjusts specific
geometry to achieve desired duty within
pressure drop constraints
Number of channels (plates)
Number of fluid passes
Pack configuration (how many channels of
each type)
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Grid Design
Specify case as usual
Select Grid Design
Select geometry to consider on Design
Geometry panel
Geometry parameters
Range of geometry
Run case
Grid of cases is run
over specified range of values
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Design Geometry

Select different tabs to access all


design geometry items

Click check box to enable


variation of item in design run

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Design Constraints

Design options (Classic or Grid) will


not select a design that violates
constraints specified on this panel.

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Design Warnings

Xphe flags (in Design View) any


case that violates constraints
specified on this panel, but may still
be selected for final design

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Design View

Lines in red indicate runs that


violate design constraint (C) or
design warning (W).

Program automatically selects best


design. Best is smallest area with
acceptable overdesign and no
constraint violations. User may also
select any alternate design.

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Example 1
Oil Cooler

Open Example1.htri
TEMA AEU oil
cooler
-in. tubes 10 ft long
TEMA fouling factors

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Example 1
Design Plate Frame Oil Cooler

Select File menu,


New Plate and
Frame Exchanger
Select Window
menu, Tile
Horizontally
Drag-and-drop
Process
Hot fluid properties
Cold fluid properties
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Example 1
Single-Phase Design

Create plate-and-frame design


Change fouling resistances
Hot side 0.00005 Btu/hr ft2 F
Cold side 0.0005 Btu/hr ft2 F

Positive overdesign required


10 psi maximum pressure hot and cold sides

Suggestions:
Use plate databank
Use grid design to approximate design
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Session View

Select case and right-click


to display context menu

Use Edit menu, Program Settings


to enable/disable log runs in
session view

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.
Module 1
Summary and Conclusions

Xphe performs detailed incremental


calculations for most plate-and-frame
geometries
Design mode helps develop approximate
designs

Heat Transfer Research, Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential: For HTRI member use only.