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Thermal Conductivity

Title: Thermal Conductivity


Institut scolaire les palmies
Date: Thursday, 21 September 2017

Planners and
equipment out

Date and title


in your books,
underlined!

Feedback: Tom. Ellis and


Steve

Challenge- What is
the substance that What would you like to ask
is being sprayed on about this image? Think
the wall? about the 5 Ws!
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link
LO: Identify some factors that affect the rate of heat
transfer.

Which house would


keep the heat in
best?
LO: Identify some factors that affect the rate of heat
transfer.

What makes this house


so special?

Slate for roof insulation


LO: Identify some factors that affect the rate of heat
transfer.

There are a number of


factors that affect how
quickly heat can be lost

Does the material


conduct heat well?
Is there a large
temperature
difference?
Is there a draught?
LO: Identify some factors that affect the rate of heat
transfer.

Feedback: Tom. Ellis and Steve


Think of the factors
that affect how
quickly heat can be
lost.

Which of the 3
little pigs houses
would be the best
insulated.

Bullet point 2
Challenge- Why might some reasons to explain
people think the wooden house is your choice.
the best?
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link
LO: Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Heat will flow through the walls of a house by


conduction.

If a material is better at conducting the


heat out of the house we say it has a
higher thermal conductivity.

Hypothesis:

A thicker wall will transfer heat energy at a


slower rate than a thin one
How would we test this?
What are the independent, dependent and control
variables?
LO: Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Take 3 containers. Wrap one in 10 Thermal


layers of newspaper, one in 20 and
one in 30 (do one each in groups of Conductivity
three) Experiment
Pour 100 cm3 of boiling water into 3
different containers. SAFETY: CARRY THE
KETTLE TO YOUR DESK
Put a lid on the containers and a Insulating lid
thermometer into the water.

Wait until the temperature reading


stops going up and record the
temperature.
10,20 or30
Start the watch layers of
newspaper
Record the temperature every minute Can you draw your own
for 10 minutes
table?
LO: Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Time Temperature (oC)


(min)

10 layers 20 layers 30 layers

0
1
2
.
LO: Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Foundation Analysis
Identify the variables in this experiment
The independent variable was .
The dependent variable was
The control variable was ..

Write a conclusion for the experiment

As the number of layers of paper increased


The newspaper could represent in a house.
You could increase the rate of energy transfer by

Challenge - Calculate
temperature drop with 10 layers in 10 minutes was _____oC
energy lost through 10 layers = temp drop x 420 = _____ J
average energy lost per second = ________ J
Summary Box

Heat energy passes through walls by conduction

Conduction Convection Radiation


The rate heat passes through the wall depends on
1. The thermal conductivity of the material
2. The thickness of the material
3. The temperature difference
across the wall
Thickness Thermal Temperature
conductivity
The lower the thermal conductivity of the wall
the less/more heat energy will pass through it.
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link
LO: Explain, using results, which insulator was best at its job.
Higher Analysis
Calculate
temperature drop with 10 layers in 10 minutes was ____oC
energy lost through 10 layers = temp drop x 4200 = ____ J
average energy lost per second = ________ J
Repeat this calculation for the 20 and 30 layers
How does the number of layers of paper affect the rate of flow of
heat?
Did the water cool down at a constant rate?
What happened to the rate of cooling during the experiment?
Why did this happen?

Challenge Calculate
Average temperature difference between water and air during 1st
minute = _________ Energy lost per second ______ J

Average temperature difference between water and air during 10th


minute = _________ Energy lost per second ______ J
Summary Box

Heat energy passes through walls by conduction

The rate heat passes through the wall depends on


1. The thermal conductivity of the material
2. The thickness of the material
3. The temperature difference across the wall

The lower the thermal conductivity of the wall the less


heat energy will pass through it.
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link
LO: Apply your understanding of air as a conductor to explain
why this was the best insulator.

Why did the heat transfer fall as we


increase the number of sheets of paper?
Adding layers of paper traps
more air.

Air is great as an insulating


material.

There are large gaps between


particles in the air, making it
difficult for energy to be passed
on.

This reduces the amount of heat


that manages to escape through Think of wearing a
the paper! jumper to keep warm!
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link
Plenary Question 12 mm 16 mm 20 mm
Type of window gap gap gap
1. Glass type X with air 2.9 2.7 2.8
2. Glass type X with air and argon 2.7 2.6 2.6
3. Glass type Y with air 1.9 1.8 1.8
4. Glass type Y with air and argon 1.6 1.5 1.5

The diagrams show the cross-section of three double glazed windows. The gap
between the two sheets of glass can be filled with either air or a mixture of
air and argon. The thermal conductivity for different types of double glazed
windows, using different types of glass X and Y, are given in the table.

(a) Which type of window is the least energy efficient? 1

(b) Name two windows which could be compared to decide if adding argon to
the gap improves the energy efficiency of the window? 1 and 2 same gap
or 3 and 4 same gap
(c) Which factor is the most important to consider when buying a window
(glass type, gap size or gas). Explain your answer with evidence from the table
Glass type e.g. 12mm gap adding argon makes a 0,2 difference, increasing
gap 0.1, but type Y glass makes 1.0 difference
CWK
Thermal Conductivity
Learning objectives:

Keywords: Identify some factors that affect the rate of


heat transfer.
Thermal
conductivity, Describe how to improve heat transfer.

Insulator. Explain, using results, which insulator was best


at its job.

Apply your understanding of air as a conductor


to explain why this was the best insulator.

Link your results to explain how we make sure


that double glazed windows are energy
efficient.

5 6 7 8 9
Identify Describe Explain Apply Link