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We use the Present Perfect to say that an action

happened at an unspecified time before now


AFFIRMATIVE FORM
Pronoun Auxiliary Verb
EXAMPLES
This is the
first time Ive
driven a car.

She has worked in an office for many years.

I have made many cups of yogurth.


My mother has brought balloons for the party.
NEGATIVE FORM
SUBJECT AUXILIARY + NOT VERB (PAST PARTICIPLE)
I
HAVE NOT STUDIED
YOU HAVENT GONE
HE LISTENED
SHE HAS NOT READ
IT HASNT SEEN She has not cleaned the
WE USED bathroom in a week.
YOU BEEN Now she's cleaning it.
THEY FORGOTTEN

I have not been to China. You have not finished your lunch yet.
I havent been to China.
Write affirmative or negative present perfect sentences.
1. I (learn) English. (+) .....................................
2. They (eat) everything. (+) .....................................
3. She (forget) my name. (+) ......................................
4. I (make) a mistake. (+) .......................................
6. Amanda (work) very hard. (+) ........................................
7. I (hear) from Sunil. (-) .............................................
8. Jane (learn) anything. (-) .............................................
9. You (break) the window! (+) .............................................
10. I (meet) him for ages! (-) .............................................
11. The rain (stop). (-) .............................................
12. I (read) any newspaper today. (-) .....................................
13. The children (come) back. (-) ........................................
14. You (hear) the news. (-) ..........................................
15. Why they (bring) their children? (-) .....................................
Let's practise !
Complete the sentences with the correct form.
1) I .a new mobile phone. (just/buy)
2) ..a cat without a tail? (you/ever/see)
3)My sistersushi. (never/ eat)
4)Weyour new tape yet. (hear)
5)How many words.for your language project?
(you/write)
6)Sheila..her breakfast yet. (Have)
7)What.to the computer? (they/ do)
8)John and Alexin France for 20 years.(live)
9)Where..my keys? ( I /leave)
10)Simon.Pat's parents yet.(meet)
11) We..her an e-mail. (just/ send)
12) Where is your mother? Sheto the supermarket.(go)
Rule Example Explanation

The present perfect is used


I have seen three movies this (This week has not finished
when the time period has
week. yet.)
NOT finished.
The simple past is used
when the time period HAS I saw three movies last week. (Last week has finished
finished.
Exercise 1: Circle the verbs or auxiliary verbs, main verbs and past participles).
Write past if the verb is in the past tense and present perfect. Look the example.

1. I had a problem with my computer yesterday. past


2. We have already seen that movie. present perfect
3. Sami has never hiked to the top of a mountain. _________
4. They were in the basement during the storm. ________
5. Lee has been late every day since Monday. _________
6. Many people cried at the end of the movie. _________
7. Ann didnt wait for me at the station. __________
8. I havent begun my homework yet. __________
Say what you have already done (+) and what
you have not done yet (-).
Present Perfect
1.- . (+/already/to listen to music)
2.- . (-/not/to go swimming/yet)
3.- . (+/already/to take some photos)
4.- . (+/already/to help Jane in the kitchen)
5.- . (-/not/to play the guitar/yet)
6.- . (+/already/to have fun with my friends)
7.- . (-/not/to wash my shirts/yet)
8.- . (-/not/to make my bed/yet)
9.- . (+/already/to do the washing-up)
10.- . (-/not/to speak to my maths teacher/yet