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Olympian Product Training

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Alternators
22
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Alternators

No. Nbr. Description No. Nbr. Description
1 1 Stator assembly 107 1 Support diode assembly
4 1 Rotor assembly 124 1 Terminal plate
15 1 Fan 198 1 Regulator(AVR)
16 6 Fan fixing screw 207 1 Rubber
28 1 Earth terminal 290 1 Housing
30 1 DE flange 291 1 Adaptation shaft
33 1 Air outlet louvre 292 1 Rotor magnets
36 1 N.D.E.bracket 293 1 Stator
37 4 Tie rod 294 2 Fixing screw
41 1 D.E.terminal box 295 1 Tie rod
47 1 N.D.E.terminal box 296 1 Washer & nut
48 1 Terminal box lid 297 1 End plate
49 20 Terminal box fixing screw 320 1 Hub
51 1 Air intake louvre 322 1 Coupling disc
59 3 Inspection door 323 Fixing screw
70 1 NDE bearing 324 1 Clamping washer
79 1 Preloading wavy washer 325 Spacer shim
90 1 Wound exciter field 343 1 Diode bridge assembly
91 4 Field fixing screw 347 1 Surge suppressor Varistor
98 3 Corner plate 349 1 O ring seal
100 1 Exciter armature

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L L 2 0 1 4 H

:
L = Leroy Somer

:
L= Perkins :
A = Lister 3 Phase 1 = Shunt
B = Lister 1 Phase 2 = AREP
3 = PMG

:
1 = 1000 :
2 = 2000 0 =
etc.

44
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Alternators

Genset Alternator
30 KVA LL1014Q
44 KVA LL2014B
50 KVA LL2014D
65 KVA LL2014H
77 KVA LL2014J
100 KVA LL3014B
110 KVA LL3014B
150 KVA LL3014F
175 KVA LL3014H
188 KVA LL3014H
200 KVA LL5014F

55
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?

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

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77
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88
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99
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Alternators

(PMG)

P.M.G.

1010
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PMG
290 Housing -
291 Adaptation shaft
292 Rotor magnets
293 Stator -
294 Fixing screw
295 Tie rod -
296 Washer & nut
297 End plate -

1111
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Alternators
PMG
5 : PMG 1 2000-3000 Series R438
PMG 2 5000-6000 Series R448
PMG 3 7000 Series R448
PMG 4 8000-8100 Series R449
PMG 5 9000-9100 Series R449

2000-3000 :
- R230A R438 LS/A +
- ( )
- (
)
- PMG
>>>>>>

1212
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PMG

6- 6-

5+ 5+

PMG/AREP

2000-3000 Series
/ R449


PMG

1313
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Alternators
AREP



1414
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Alternators

PMG AREP


..

1515
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Alternators


(V) ( or auxiliary winding H1/ AREP) AREP/ PMG

AREP
UN
(Auxiliary winding H3/ AREP)

100% 200% 300% %

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Alternators
:
(Shunt):
1000,2000,3000, Series AVR R230A AVR R448
5000, 6000 Series AVR R448
8100,9100 Series AVR 449

PMG:
1000 Series
2000,3000 Series AVR R438
5000,6000,7000 Series AVR R448
8100,9100 Series AVR R449

AREP:
1000,2000,3000 Series AVR R438
5000,6000,7000 Series AVR R448
8000,9000 Series AVR R449

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Alternators
4
Leroy Somer

R230

R438 R448 & R449

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Alternators
AVR R230
50/60Hz CONNECTION
R 230
CONNECTION FOR EXTERNAL
POTENTIOMETER

VOLTAGE SENSING
UNDERSPEED

STABILITY ADJUSTMENT

VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT

FUSE

1919
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AVR R230

2020
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AVR R230
SHUNT EXCITATION

VOLTAGE REGULATION 0.5%

VOLTAGE DETECTION 95V TO 140 V

RESPONSE TIME : 500 MS

50 / 60 HZ

UNDERSPEED PROTECTION

OPTION : REMOTE POTENTIOMETER

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Alternators
R438
AREP/PMG EXCITATION R 438
RESPONSE TIME SELECTION
Avoids speed oscillation of the
VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT 5% STABILITY ADJUSTMENT engine

SECONDARY CONNECTOR LOW SPEED PROTECTION & LAM


FOR EXTENSION MODULES
- three phase sensing
- paralleling

MAXIMUM EXCITATION
CURRENT & S/C LEVEL
DROOP ADJUSTMENT ADJUSTMENT
FOR ALTERNATOR
PARALLELING

50/60Hz CONNECTION
ISOLATING
TRANSFORMER

LAM SELECTION
FUSE

3 POSSIBILITIES OF VOLTAGE
DETECTION
from 95 to 520 V - 1 or 2 PH sensing

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AVR R438

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R438
AREP / PMG EXCITATION

VOLTAGE REGULATION 0.5%

VOLTAGE DETECTION CHANGEABLE


FROM 95V- 520V.

RESPONSE TIME : 300 MS OR 1 S

UNDERSPEED PROTECTION

50 / 60 HZ

NUMEROUS OTHER BUILT- IN FUNCTIONS

- LAM ...

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R438

R 726 Paralleling with mains


3 functions

2525
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Alternators
R448 & R449
AREP/SHUNT/PMG EXCITATION R 448 & 449 RESPONSE TIME SELECTION
Avoids speed oscillation of the
engine
VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT 5% STABILITY ADJUSTMENT

SECONDARY CONNECTOR LOW SPEED PROTECTION & LAM


FOR EXTENSION MODULES
- three phase sensing
- paralleling

MAXIMUM EXCITATION
CURRENT & S/C LEVEL
DROOP ADJUSTMENT ADJUSTMENT
FOR ALTERNATOR
PARALLELING

50/60Hz CONNECTION
ISOLATING
TRANSFORMER

LAM SELECTION
FUSE

3 POSSIBILITIES OF VOLTAGE
DETECTION
from 95 to 520 V - 1 or 2 PH sensing

2626
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Alternators
AVR R448 & R449

R 448&449

2727
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Alternators
AVR R448 & R449
SHUNT / AREP / PMG EXCITATION

VOLTAGE REGULATION 0.5%

VOLTAGE DETECTION CHANGEABLE


FROM 95V - 520V.

RESPONSE TIME : 300 MS OR 1 S

UNDERSPEED PROTECTION

50 / 60 HZ

NUMEROUS OTHER BUILT- IN FUNCTIONS

- LAM ...

2828
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Alternators

R448 R449

R 726 Paralleling with mains


3 functions

2929
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REMOTE PF REG. VLT. 3P SENS. EMI KIT


AVR LAM CT
POT. R 726 MAT. R 731 R 791
PAR.
R 726
STD in Europe
R 230 option NO NO NO NO NO Option
-
STD in Europe
. option R 448 option STD opt. option option option Option

R 438
option STD opt. option option option STD in Europe
AREP R 448 Option
R 449

R 438 STD in Europe


PMG R 448 option STD opt. option option option Option
R 449

3030
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Alternators
(LAM)
R 438 / R 448 / R 449 AREP

: 100%

RPM, Hz RPM, Hz




100 %

3131
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Alternators

(LAM)
1.1

With LAM

1.0

Soft
0.9 loading

0.8 Without LAM

0.7
Same
0,3 sec
step
delay
0.6 loading

Time 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 seconds

3232
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Alternators

(LAM)
Overshoots

1.1 Without LAM

1.0

0.9 L
Saturation of generator

0.8 LAM action

T
0.7 Voltage dips
S : Subtransient
Delay T : Transient
0,3 sec L : Steady (LAM)
0.6
S
Time 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 seconds

3333
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Alternators

COP : CONTINUOUS POWER
Continuous operation at nominal constant load
unlimited number of hours / year
Cogeneration / Marine...
Alternator rating S1/ 40C - class H or F

PRP : PRIME POWER


Continuous operation at variable load (average load at 70 % of the nominal load )
Unlimited number of hours/year .
Industry. Public works...
Alternator rating S1 40C - Class H.
Load capability .

LTP : LIMITED TIME POWER - STAND BY


Maximum rating allowed during 500 H/year
(with a maximum of 300 hours in continuous running).
Alternator rating stand - by duty 27C.

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FREQUENCY : (Hz) = Speed (min -1) x N (nber of poles)


120

MAIN FREQUENCIES :
50 Hz : EUROPE, AFRICA, PART OF ASIA, PART OF SOUTH
AMERICA.
60 Hz : NORTH AMERICA, PART OF ASIA, PART OF SOUTH
AMERICA.
400Hz : AIRPORTS

3535
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SPEED IN R.P.M.

POLE 2P 4P 6P 8P 10P 12P 14P 16P

50 Hz 3000 1500 1000 750 600 500 428 375

60 Hz 3600 1800 1200 900 720 600 514 450

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Alternators
(cos)
kW

CAPACITIVE INDUCTIVE

kVA

AR
kV
kW = ACTIVE POWER (REAL)
kVA = POWER ( APPARENT)
kV AR = REACTIVE POWER ( REACTIVE )
INDUCTIVE P.F. = INDUCTIVE LOAD, ISYNCHRONOUS MOTOR, TRANSFORMER ...
(CURRENT LAGS THE VOLTAGE)
CAPACITIVE POWER FACTOR : FLUORESCENT LIGHT, CAPACITOR ...
(CURRENT LEADS THE VOLTAGE)

3737
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Alternators

( )

1 30 15 5 2 30 10 3

10% 11% 14% 25% 50% 100% 200% .., 3


1 10

3838
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Alternators
2/3
:
2/3 (3, 6, 9, etc ...)
.

2/3 ?

-
(1- , )
- :
- ,
-
2/3 .

3939
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Alternators

12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - 3 PHASE/ 2/3 PITCH.

SERIES STAR CONNECTION PARALLEL STAR CONNECTION

4040
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Alternators

12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - 3 PHASE/ 2/3 PITCH.

SERIES DELTA CONNECTION PARALLEL DELTA CONNECTION

4141
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12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - SINGLE PHASE

(FF) CONNECTION CONNECTION ZIG - ZAG (G)


( NOT RECOMMENDED)

4242
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4343
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L1 L1
100 120
L2 80 140 L2 120 120

L3 L3

L1
70
L2 100
90
L3

4444
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DIRECT ALTERNATING
CURRENT CURRENT

4545
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MULTIMETER MULTIMETER


10,000 100

4646
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c

c 6V

AVO meter on 10amp +


range or DC ammeter.

6V

Rotor Resistance = 6
AMPS

4747
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1. 1 M.

2.
.

3. :


,

.
500 V.

4848
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Alternators