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OPTIONS FOR COUPLES WITH

FERTILITY PROBLEMS
OPTIONS FOR COUPLES WITH FERTILITY
PROBLEMS:
oAdoption
oArtificial Insemination: semen and sperm is
injected into the top of the womens uterus with a
needle. A shot is given to the women to make her
ovulate. This procedure is done with the hopes that
the sperm will fertilize the egg and it will implant
into the lining of the uterus.
OPTIONS FOR COUPLES WITH FERTILITY
PROBLEMS:
oIn-vitro Fertilization: drugs are used to over
stimulate the womans ovaries. 8 10 eggs are
removed and united with sperm in a petri dish. 3
4 eggs are injected back into the women. The
woman is on bed rest for about 1 week. Pregnancy
test is done 2 weeks after the eggs are inserted.
Twins are not uncommon with this procedure.
THE GARDNER QUAD SQUAD
OPTIONS FOR COUPLES WITH FERTILITY
PROBLEMS:
oSurrogate Mother: Usually done when the biological
mother cannot carry a baby to full term due to her age,
cervical or uterus cancer, or having a hysterectomy. Eggs
and sperm are removed from the biological mother and
father or other fertile adult. Eggs and sperm are united in
a petri dish and implanted into another woman who
carries the baby to full term, delivers it and then gives the
baby back to the biological parents.
COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY
SPONTANEOUS ABORTION/ MISCARRIAGE:
oLoss of pregnancy during the first twenty weeks
(before 5 months) before the embryo or fetus can
survive on its own outside of the uterus.
STILL BIRTH:
oDelivery of a fetus that died after 20 weeks (5
months)
MY SUNSHINE GIRL
PREMATURE DELIVERY:
oDelivery before 37 weeks, and has immature lungs
at the time of birth.
WARDS STORY
PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION:
oHigh blood pressure during pregnancy.
PRE-ECLAMPSIA & ECLAMPSIA:
oA condition that includes high blood pressure,
swelling, rapid weight gain, headaches, blurred
vision etc.
oCan cause convulsion, seizures, coma, and even
death.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES:
oDiabetes caused by pregnancy. Usually the
diabetes goes away after the pregnancy.
THROMBOPHLEBITIS:
oThis condition refers to blood clots in the legs due
to increased clotting ability of the blood during
pregnancy.
VARICOSE VEINS:
oSwollen, discolored, sore veins in legs or abdomen.
PLACENTA PREVIA:
oThis condition is due to the
placenta being too low in the
uterus. This can cause
complications at birth because
the placenta blocks the birth
canal during delivery.
PLACENTAL ABRUPTION:
oA condition in which the
placenta separates from the
wall of the uterus and usually
causes an emergency delivery
otherwise the mother could
bleed to death and the baby
would die from lack of oxygen.
INCOMPETENT CERVIX:
oA condition where the walls of the cervix are not
strong enough to hold the baby inside the uterus.
Surgery is performed to sew the cervix closed
permanently until delivery.
RH FACTOR:
oA disorder that occurs when Rh positive blood cells of the
fetus enter the Rh negative blood stream of the mother.
This is a concern when the mothers blood type is negative
and the fathers blood type is positive and the baby
receives the fathers blood type. A medication called
Rhogam is given during and after pregnancy which kills
any of the babys blood cells that might have entered the
mothers blood.
SEX DETERMINATION
SEX DETERMINATION:
Mothers egg always contains the X sex chromosome
Half of the fathers sperm have Half of the fathers sperm have
an X chromosome: a Y sex chromosome:
X + X = XX Y + X = XY
*50% chance of a girl. *50% chance of a boy.
NUTRITION DURING PREGNANCY
NUTRITION DURING PREGNANCY BABY
Proper nutrition during pregnancy has been shown to
reduce:
oRisk of birth defects plus
oHeart Disease
oType 2 Diabetes
oHigh Blood Pressure
oHigh Cholesterol during adulthood.
NUTRITION DURING PREGNANCY MOTHER
Proper nutrition during pregnancy has been shown to reduce:
oPregnancy Complications
oAnemia
oHigh Blood Pressure
oGestational Diabetes
oMinimize Morning Sickness
oFatigue
oConstipation
oAnd more likely to return to pre-pregnancy weight sooner
GUIDELINES TO HELP MOTHERS MAKE HEALTHY
CHOICES FOR THEIR BABIES:
oEating for Two NOT TRUE! The baby is much smaller and does
not have the same calorie needs. On average when pregnant you
only need an extra 300 calories a day during your 2nd and 3rd
trimester.
oVariety is the Spice of Life eating a variety of foods each day
will ensure that the mother gets all the vitamins, minerals, and all
other nutrients needed.
oFollow the MyPlate Guidelines expecting mothers should look
to MyPlate to determine what and how much to eat.
MYPLATE GUIDELINES:
Guidelines during the 2nd & 3rd
Guidelines during the 1st Trimester:
Trimester:
oFruits: 2 cups oFruits: 2 cups
oVeggies: 2 cups oVeggies: 3 cups
oGrains: 6 ounces oGrains: 8 ounces
oProtein: 5.5 ounces oProtein: 6.5 ounces
oDairy: 3 cups oDairy: 3 cups
OTHER GUIDELINES TO FOLLOW DURING
PREGNANCY:
oFresh is Best select whole fresh foods rather than
processed foods. Fresh is loaded with more nutrients.
oFoods to Avoid alcohol, sushi containing raw fish,
certain fish, raw or undercooked meat, smoked
meats, soft cheeses (bleu cheese, feta, goat cheese,
etc.), hot dogs, processed meats, alfalfa sprouts,
unpasteurized milk and juices.
OTHER GUIDELINES TO FOLLOW DURING
PREGNANCY:
oThink about your Drink - the body needs more fluid
during pregnancy. Aim for at least 8 ounce glasses
of fluid per day, limit caffeinated beverages.
oForget Fad Diets pregnancy is not an
appropriate time to diet.
OTHER GUIDELINES TO FOLLOW DURING
PREGNANCY:
oPrenatal Vitamins pregnant women have an
increased need for folic acid, iron, and calcium. It is
recommended that you take a prenatal vitamin but
should speak to your doctor.
oTreat Yourself an occasional treat is appropriate.