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Communication Networks

Chapter 1

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URL: www.cit.edu.ly
www.cit.edu.ly/efront

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References

www.cit.edu.ly
:
I. Computer Networks, By Andrew Tanenbaum.
II. Data Communications and Networking
By B. Forouzan, 4th edition.
III. Computer Networking, A Top-Down Approach Featuring The
Internet. By J. Kurose and K. Ross, 3rd edition.
IV. Telecommunication Networks by Schwartz.
V. TCP/IP by Gray Govanus.
VI. Communication Networks by Stallings.
VII. Cisco Certified Network Associate.
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Assessment Procedure

Lab. Work 20%


Class Tests 30%
Homework 10%
Final Exam 40%
Course Instructor
Ahmed joha
Department of Electronic Engineering, The Collage of
Industrial Technology.
Email address: goha_99@yahoo.com

Course web site: Please refer to www.cit.edu.ly/efront

Office hours for consultation:


Saturday 10:00 14:00
Wednesday 10:00 12:00
Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

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"" Source
"" .Destination
:Source
.
:Transmitter
.
:Transmission system

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:Receiver
Destination Devices
.
:Destination
.Receiver

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.
Hardware
Software
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Types of Networks

Point to Point

Broadcast Network

Switched Network

The Internet

point-to-point

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) (nodes
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:
.1 Topology

.2 Geography

.3 transmission technology

.4 Switching Strategies

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Star Network

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mesh topology

Each location is connected to


every other location
It is costly and seldom
implemented.
High reliability i.e., makes the
network virtually fail-safe

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Interprocessor Processors located Example
distance in
1m Personal Personal Area Network
10 m Room Local Area Network
100 m Building Local Area Network
1 Km Campus Local Area Network
10 Km City Metropolitan Area
100 Km Country Wide Area Network
1 000 Km Continent Wide Area Network
10 000 Km Global Internet

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Two broadcast networks


(a) Bus
(b) Ring
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WAN

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Wide Area Networks

WAN .

.common carrier

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Broadcast links

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.Packets
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Point-to-point
links

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Switched Networks

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Network Classification by Switching Strategies


Switched Networks Broadcast Networks


Circuit switched networks Packet switched networks


Datagram networks Virtual circuit networks

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Network Classification by Switching Strategies

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.I PSTN
.II ISDN
.III
.IV ).(SONET, SDH
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.I X.25
.II Frame Relay
.III ATM

Circuit Switched Networks
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)
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Signaling .
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Circuit Switched Networks

Call request signal


Propagation Delay
Time


Transmission
Delay
Call accept signal


Data Transmission
Time
Data

A B C D

Circuit Switched Networks

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Circuit Switched Networks
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3
2
1
4

4
3 3
2
1

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Packet Switched Networks

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Packet Switched Networks
4 2
3
2
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3
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2
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Packet Switched Networks

Pkt 1

Header
Time
Pkt 2

Delay
Transmission
Pkt 1
Pkt 3

Pkt 2

Pkt 1
Pkt 3

Pkt 2

Pkt 3

A B C D
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Packet Switched Networks

?Why Packet switched and not Message switched networks


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Packet Switched Networks

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Packet Size
Design Issue
Packet size vs.
Overhead
Packet size vs.
Number of packets
sent for a given
message size.
Effect of packet size on
transmission time
Effect of packet size on
processing and
queuing delay - these
effects are more
pronounced for
smaller packet size
smaller packet will
require high overhead
but lower queuing
delay

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load
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Robustness
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:
Datagram
Virtual Circuit.

Packet Switched Networks

:Datagram networks
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Packet Switched Networks

:Virtual Circuit networks




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