You are on page 1of 25

Question 1

In an experiment, the variable that is manipulated or


changed in some way by the experimenter is known
as the variable, whereas the variable that is
measured to find out the effects of the experimental
treatment is called the variable.

A experimental; control
B control; experimental
C independent; dependent
D dependent; independent
Question 2.a
A psychologist is investigating the effect of eating
breakfast on school childrens performance on
concentration tests. He goes to his local school which
is a private catholic primary school and surveys 20
year 4 children. He groups them into those who
already ate breakfast that day and those who did not.

What is the Independent Variable (IV)?


What is the Dependent Variable (DV)?
Question 2.b
0 A psychologist is investigating the effect of eating
breakfast on school childrens performance on
concentration tests. He goes to his local school
which is a private catholic primary school and
surveys 20 year 4 children. He groups them into
those who already ate breakfast that day and
those who did not.

0 State the research design.


Question 3
A psychologist asks a group of students in a school to
complete a rating scale to determine their attitudes
towards their use of tobacco.

State the name of the research method used by the


psychologist to assess this psychological response.
Question 4
0 Explain the difference between a control group and
an experimental group in an experiment.
Question 5
Group A

2,3,6,4,5,7,5,6,9,6

Calculate the following for Group A:


1.Mean
2.Median
3.Mode
4.Range
Question 6
0 A researcher uses a qualitative investigation
design to determine the effects that different
types of noise have on students ability to
study and recall information.

0 One advantage of using a qualitative design.


0 Two ethical safeguards that should be
incorporated in this investigation.
Question 7

The basic-processes level can be best


described as:

A Explains human behaviour as a result of a persons biological


makeup

B Examines the way a persons social environment influence


behaviour

C Describes human behaviour as a result of individual


differences between people
Question 8
Which of the following statement best describes
behaviour?

a. Behaviour is everything a living organism does or


thinks about doing
b. Behaviour is any observable action made by a living
person or animal
c. Behaviour involves thought and feelings
d. Behaviour involves thought and feelings, but not
actions
Question 9
Before Zoe participates in a study of how stress
affects memory, the researcher describes the study
and tells her that she can withdraw from the study at
any time without penalty. This example illustrates the
process of:

a. Debriefing
b. Informed consent
c. External validity
d. Random assignment
Question 10
0 Indicate whether the data collected in the following
research study is qualitative and quantitative data:

0 Amount of time the eyeballs of a sleeping person


move while their brain wave activity indicates that
they are dreaming.
Question 1
In an experiment, the variable that is manipulated or
changed in some way by the experimenter is known
as the variable, whereas the variable that is
measured to find out the effects of the experimental
treatment is called the variable.

A experimental; control
B control; experimental
C independent; dependent
D dependent; independent
Question 2.a
A psychologist is investigating the effect of eating
breakfast on school childrens performance on
concentration tests. He goes to his local school which is a
private catholic primary school and surveys 20 year 4
children. He groups them into those who already ate
breakfast that day and those who did not.

What is the Independent Variable (IV)?


Eating breakfast
What is the Dependent Variable (DV)?
Performance on concentration tests
Question 2.b
0 A psychologist is investigating the effect of eating
breakfast on school childrens performance on
concentration tests. He goes to his local school which
is a private catholic primary school and surveys 20
year 4 children. He groups them into those who
already ate breakfast that day and those who did not.

0 State the research design.

0 Quantitative observational
Question 3
A psychologist asks a group of students in a
school to complete a rating scale to determine
their attitudes towards their use of tobacco.

State the name of the research method used by


the psychologist to assess this psychological
response.

Subjective quantitative
Question 4
0 Explain the difference between a control group and
an experimental group in an experiment.

0 The control group in an experimental design does not


receive the treatment (IV) whereas the experimental
group does as a means for comparison
Question 5
Group A

2,3,6,4,5,7,5,6,9,6

Calculate the following for Group A:


1.Mean: 5.3
2.Median: 5.5
3.Mode: 6
4.Range: 7
Question 6
A researcher uses a qualitative investigation design to determine the
effects that different types of noise have on students ability to study and
recall information.

One advantage of using a qualitative design.


Advantage:
Gain in depth verbal information
Useful is not much is known about topic
Opinions can be discussed

Two ethical safeguards that should be incorporated in this investigation.


Confidentiality can remain anonymous
Informed consent need to gain consent form etc.
Voluntary participation make sure they are not bribed, threatened etc.
General wellbeing may affect performance at school
Right to withdraw anytime without explanation
Debriefing make sure participants are debriefed after experiment
Question 7
The basic-processes level can be best
described as:
A Explains human behaviour as a result of a persons biological makeup

B Examines the way a persons social environment influence behaviour

C Describes human behaviour as a result of individual differences


between people

D Explains human behaviour as a result of a persons basic cognitions


including memory and perception
Question 8
Which of the following statement best describes
behaviour?

a. Behaviour is everything a living organism does or


thinks about doing
b. Behaviour is any observable action made by a living
person or animal
c. Behaviour involves thought and feelings
d. Behaviour involves thought and feelings, but not
actions
Question 9
Before Zoe participates in a study of how stress
affects memory, the researcher describes the study
and tells her that she can withdraw from the study at
any time without penalty. This example illustrates the
process of:

a. Debriefing
b. Informed consent
c. External validity
d. Random assignment
Question 10
0 Indicate whether the data collected in the following
research study is qualitative and quantitative data:

0 Amount of time the eyeballs of a sleeping person


move while their brain wave activity indicates that
they are dreaming.

0 Quantitative (time)
What to study for:
Definitions of behaviour and psychology
Independent, dependent and extraneous variables
Research designs: characteristics, advantages and
disadvantages
Research methods three types
Mean, median, mode, range
Sample size, representativeness
Ethics
Four levels of explanation