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# More on Op Amps

Discussion D12.1

1
Ideal Op Amp
VDD
i v VSS v0 VDD
+
- vo
i v
VSS

1) v0 Av v v
The open-loop gain, Av, is infinite.

2) i i 0
The current into the inputs are zero.
2
Ideal Op Amp with Negative Feedback
v +
vo
v -

Network

## 1. The output attempts to do whatever is necessary to

make the voltage difference between the inputs zero.

## 2. The inputs draw no current.

3
Non-inverting Amplifier
vi v Closed-loop voltage gain
+ vo
v vo
- AF
vi
R2
R1 R1
vi v v vo
R1 R2

vo R2
AF 1
vi R1

4
Unity-Gain Buffer
vi v Closed-loop voltage gain
+
v vo vo
- AF
vi

vi v v vo

vo
AF 1
vi

## Used as a "line driver" that transforms a high input impedance

(resistance) to a low output impedance. Can provide substantial
current gain.

5
Inverting Amplifier
Current into op amp is zero R2
ii
ii
v v 0 vi v
- vo
R1 v
v 0 vi +
ii i
R1 R1

0 v0 v0
ii vi v0
R2 R2
R1 R2

vo R
AF 2
vi R1
6
Question Find i0

v
+ vo
v
-

12 V 12 k
DC
10 k

2 k
i0

7
Question Find i0
v
+ vo
v
- 2
12 vo
12 k
2 12
12 V
DC
10 k
14
2 k vo 12 84
i0 2

vo
io 8.4 mA
10 k

8
Differential Amplifier
R2 i1
Current into op amp is zero
i1 R1 v
v1 -
v v v2
v vo
+
R1
v1 v
i1 R2
R1
v v0
i1
R2 v1 v v v0

R2 R1 R2
v v2
R1 R2 R2 R2
v1 v2 v2 v0
R1 R2 R1 R2

R1 R2 9
Differential Amplifier
R2 i1
R2 R2
v1 v2 v2 v0
R1 R2 R R2
1 v1
i1 R1 v
R1 R2 - vo
v
v2 +
2
R1
R2 R2 R R2
v0 v1 v2 2
v2
R1 R1 R2 R1 R1 R2

R2 R2 R2
v0 v1 1 v2
R1 R1 R2 R1
R2
v0 v2 v1
R1

10
Summing Circuit
v
+
v v 0
v vo
-

iA R1A v0
viA if
if R2
R1B R2
iB
viB
iiA iiB i f 0
viA
iiA viA viB v0
R1 A
R1 A R1B R2
viB
iiB
R1B R2 R2
v0 viA viB
R1 A R1B
11
Integrator
C
dv0
if if C
ii dt
vi v
- vo
R1 v
+ i f ii
v v 0
vi dv0 vi
ii
R1 dt R1C

1 t
v0
R1C 0
vi dt v0 (0)

12
Active Filter
R2
V0
If
C Z2
If 1
Vi
Ii
v Z2
- Vo 1
R1 v
+ jC
2
R
I f I i
Vi V0 V
Ii i AF
V0

Z2
Z1 Z2 Z1 Vi Z1
Z1 R1
R2 R1
AF
1 j R2C
13
Active Filter
R2
1
C HI
R2C
If
Ii
Vi v
- Vo R2 R2
R1 v
+
AF 0.707
2 R1 R1

R2 R1
AF
1 j R2C

## What will the net gain be at HI if

you put two such filters in series?
14
Current-to-Voltage Converter
v
+
vo
v - ii i f
ii
v v 0
RF if
0 v0 i f RF
v0 ii RF

Transresistance v0 ii RF
15
Photodiode Circuit
ii 25 A per milliwatt of incident radiation
v
+
v vo
-
ii At 50 mW
h

if ii 50 25 106 1.25mA
RF
Assume RF 3.2k

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