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Presented by Keyla Reeder
When is Anxiety a problem?
Prevents people from .
doing what they want to
or need to.
Out of control
Cannot stop worrying
Characteristics of anxiety-related problems
High levels of anxiety
Restrictive, self-defeating behavior patterns
Elaborate defense mechanisms, avoid response
Pervasive feelings of stress, insecurity, inferiority,
dissatisfaction with life
Anxiety-related Disorders
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD)/ Hoarding disorders
Trauma and stressor related NOTE: Susceptibility to be partly inherited

Dissociative disorders
Somatic symptom and related
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A chronic state of tension and
worry about work, relationships,
ability, or impending disaster
Panic Disorders
A chronic state of anxiety and
also brief moments of sudden,
intense, unexpected panic

The fear that something

extremely embarrassing will
happen if one leaves the house
or enters an unfamiliar situation
What are some of the other
Acrophobia: fear of heights
Astraphobia: fear of storms, thunder,
Aqua phobia: fear of airplanes
Claustrophobia: fear of closed spaces
Agoraphobia: fear of crowds
Social phobia: fear of being observed,
evaluated, humiliated in social situations
Adjustment disorder: emotional disturbance
caused by ongoing stressors within the range
of common experience.
Accute-stress disorder: Psychological
disturbance lasting up to 1 month following
stresses that produces anxiety
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD):
Psychological disturbance lasting MORE than
one month following stresses that produces
What are Dissociative Disorders?
Striking episodes of amnesia, Dissociative amnesia: loss of memory
fatigue, multiple identity (partial or complete) for important
information related to personal identity
Dissociative fugue: Sudden travel away
from home, plus confusion about ones
personal identity
Dissociative identity disorder: Presence of
two or more distinct personalities (multiple
Somatic Symptom Disorder
Includes one or more of the Interpreting normal bodily sensations as
following: proof of disease (hypochondria)
Expressing anxieties through bodily
Disabling pain with no identifiable physical
Factious Disorder (Munchausen Syndrome)
To gain attention, an affected
person fakes his/her medical
problems or those of someone in
her/her care

4 Major Psychological Perspectives
Psychodynamic Approach (Sigmund Freud): Raging conflict
among subparts of the personality id, ego, superego
Humanistic-existential Approach (Carl Rogers): Emphasizes
subjective experience, human problems, personal potentials
Behavioral Approach: Emphasizes overt, observable behavior
and effects of learning and conditioning (behaviors are
Cognitive Approach: Magnifying ordinary threats and failures
causing distress
Personality Disorders
Persistent, maladaptive personality patterns
Anxiety reduction Hypothesis
Explains the self-defeating nature of avoidance
responses as a result of the reinforcing effects of relief
from anxiety
Anti-social personality
Antisocial/psychopathic personality
A person who lacks a conscience
Emotionally shallow
Manipulate others