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CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health UniKL MICET

MICET

Chapter 6
Lock-Out Tag-Out
(LOTO)

Universiti Kuala Lumpur 1

Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology


CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Topic Outcomes
It is expected that students will be able to:

Define the lock-out tag-out term


Understand the types of lock-out
devices & equipments requirements
Able to explain the lock-out tag-
out procedures
Identify the advantages of using
lock-out tag-out
2
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Content
6.0 Lock-out Tag-out
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Important
6.3 Procedures
6.4 The Examples/samples

3
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

6.1 Introduction - Lockout


Lockout is a technique used to prevent
the release of hazardous energy, or to
prevent the hazardous energy from
escaping.

A padlock is placed on the appropriate


energy isolating device that is in the off
position.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Tag Out
An approved warning
tag will accompany all
lockouts.
The warning tag will
be attached directly
to the lockout device
by a nylon tie.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

6.2 The Important - Objectives


The Lock Out/Tag Out
procedure prevents the
unexpected start up or
release of stored energy
that could cause injury to
employees by placing a
lock and/or warning tag
on an energy isolation
device.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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The Fatal Five Main Causes of


Lockout/Tagout Injuries
Failure to stop equipment
Failure to disconnect from power
source
Failure to dissipate (bleed,
neutralize) residual energy
Accidental restarting of
equipment
Failure to clear work areas before
restarting
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Types of Lockout Devices


Plug Locks Electrical
Ball Valve Lockout Hydraulic,
Gate Valve Lockout pneumatic, and other
pressurized systems
Group Lockout Hasp
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Types of Lockout Devices


CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Requirements for LOTO equipments


LO devices must be durable & withstand the
environment to which they are exposed.
TO devices must be constructed & printed so
they do not deteriorate or become illegible;
LO/TO devices must be standardized by
color, shape or size;
LO/TO devices must be substantial enough to
prevent early or accidental removal and
removal without excessive force.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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Requirements for LOTO equipments

Must be singularly
identified
Must be the ONLY
devices for controlling
energy and
Must NOT be used for
any other purposes.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Requirements for LOTO equipments


Lock out will be
accomplished using
a lock and key.
Chains, or other
hardware, may be
used in conjunction
with the lock to
isolate the energy
source.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Requirements for LOTO equipments


One key will be issued to
the authorized employee
applying the lock.
Additional keys will only
be used to remove locks in
the event the abandoned
lock procedure must be
implemented.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

Requirements for LOTO equipments


TO devices must include a
legend such as: DO NOT
START, DO NOT OPEN,
DO NOT CLOSE, DO
NOT ENERGIZE, DO
NOT OPERATE, etc.
TO devices must have
standardized print and
format.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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Requirements for LOTO equipments


Name of authorized employee who
locked out equipment;
Authorized employees radio or phone
number, including contractors;
Date and time of lockout; and
Brief description of work being
performed.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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Requirements for LOTO equipments

If equipment must be locked


out for an extended period,
extended locks will be issued.
Extended locks will be
distinguished as such,
including a separate tag.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET

6.3 Lockout Tagout Procedures


Alert the operator (s) that power
is being disconnected.
Preparation for Shutdown
Equipment Shutdown
Equipment Isolation
Application of Lockout & Tagout
Devices
Control of Stored Energy
Equipment Isolation-Verification
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET

1. Preparation For Shutdown


MICET

Know the types and amounts of


energy that power specific
equipment
Know the hazards of that
energy
Know how the energy can be
controlled review equipment
specific procedures if necessary
Direct any questions to
immediate supervisor
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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2. Shutting Down Equipment


NotifyALL affected employees that a
LOTO procedure is being used and
why.
Shut the equipment down using
operating controls.
Follow proper procedure for the
equipment to avoid endangering anyone
during the shutdown.
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3. Energy Isolation
LO & TO energy isolating sources
with assigned locks and tags.
Usually requires locking out
electrical disconnect.
Be sure to isolate ALL energy
sources (secondary as well
as primary).
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4. Application of Devices LO & TO


Use valve covers, plug
locks, etc. if the lock
cant be placed directly
on the energy control.
When LO is used, every
employee in the work
crew must attach their
personal lock.
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4. Application of Devices LO & TOcont


A TO system alone is not acceptable at any
time unless the equipment is not capable of
being locked out.
The tag must be placed at the same location
that the lockout device would have been
attached, and additional measures must be
taken to ensure the level of safety is
equivalent to that obtained by using a lock.
This includes: blocking of a controlling
switch, removal of an isolating circuit
element, opening of an extra disconnect
device, or removal of a valve handle ONLY.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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5. Control of Stored Energy


Inspect the system to make sure all
parts have stopped moving.
Disperse stored energy (springs,
hydraulic systems, air, gas, water
pressure, or steam).
If stored energy can build up again,
monitor it to make certain it stays
below hazardous levels.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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6. Verifying Equipment Isolation


Make certain all dangerous areas are
clear of personnel.
Verify that the equipment cannot be
turned to the on position. Press all
start buttons and activating controls
on the equipment.
Return all controls to the off
position after certain that LO is
effective.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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Removing LOTO Devices/Restoring


Equipment
Safeguard all employees by making certain
everyone is clear of the equipment.
Also notify affected employees of impending re-
energization.
Verify that all tools have been removed and all
guards reinstalled.
Remove LOTO devices. Each device must be
removed by the person who put it on.
Energize equipment.
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Special Situations Shift Changes


If servicing lasts more than one shift, LOTO
protection CANNOT be interrupted.
The original authorized employee will remove
their lock & the incoming employee will place
theirs on the isolating device. If the first
employee leaves prior to the replacements
arrival, a supervisor may place their lock on to
ensure safety.
The incoming authorized employee MUST
VERIFY that ALL energy sources are locked out
prior to beginning work.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
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Special Notes
Never attempt lockout/tagout procedures
unless you have been trained and certified
by your employer under an approved Energy
Control Program.
Never loan or share your lock, combination,
or key with anybody else.
Always be sure all lockout/tagout devices
are compatible with the environment in
which they will be used i.e. corrosive, humid,
etc.
CLD 20002 Occupational Safety & Health SCET
MICET