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Chapter 8

Ana Bustamante, Sandra

Flores, Bridget Duncan
Question 2

How does reading promote

second language
development ?
The How

Reading is a source of comprehensible input that enhances second language.

ELLs have more control over what they read than what they hear.

They can choose the topic they read

They can go back and re-read

They can take there time while reading

They can look up words in the dictionary if they do not understand

ESLs reading in
the classroom.
Read Alouds

Help ELLs learn to read, expose them to illustration (help them make connections)
Teacher demonstrate connections between oral and written language
Vocabulary increases
Expose students to a variety of genres
Select a book appropriate for grade level and English proficiency level
Read alouds involves the whole class
Reading a one book every day from K-8th grade will expose students to 1,600-3200 books
More important to ELLs (many come from homes where parents are unable to read alouds in
English or have access to a library
Running Record

What is a Running Record?

A running record is a visual recording of a student
reading word by word, in order to measure a
student's reading performance.
How to administer a running record?
The teacher selects a book that may be on the
student's reading level. The student then reads the
text and the teacher makes marks as the student
reads. The marks indicate if the student has
omitted, substituted, inserted, an incorrect word.
Other marks may indicate self-correction, repeated
words, or phrases. After the reading the teacher
asks comprehension questions or even a simple
retelling of the story or text. The teacher then
calculated what the students score which will
indicate the student's appropriate reading level.
Chapter 9
Developmental Stages in Early English
Language Learners Writing
1. Scribble writing ( Drawing)

Scribbles reflect the orthography of the native language.

1. String of letters

No sound symbol correspondence, numbers and symbols are often interspersed.

1. Letter representing whole words or thoughts

Spacing between words, pictures, words beginning with consonant

1. Stylized sentences

Writing in patten, conversational spelling.

1. Emerging standardized writing

Messages are longer, punctuation.

6.) Standardized writing

Organized writing, word choice, spelling is standardized.

Reading &
Interactive Writing
Students and teacher compose

sentences together.

The teacher guides the class to read

the sentence that was written.

The teacher do not have to worry about

handwriting. Teacher suggest to cover

the error then have the student correct

Guided Writing
They typically start with a mini-lesson
Students practice the writing principle (under teacher supervision)
Practice strategies that were taught
Brainstorm ideas
Directed towards one topic