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10 Wireless Network

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,

(+ )

-
, ,
, , .. (Hot
Spot)
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IEEE 802.11
IEEE 802.11
IEEE 802.X, ,
, 802.3
Ethernet, 802.5 Token Ring ..
, IEEE 802.11




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4
4

IEEE 802.11
IEEE 802.11 2/ (2,4 , 1997)
IEEE 802.11a 54/ (5 , 1999)
IEEE 802.11b 11/ (2,4 , 1999)
IEEE 802.11g 54/ (2,4 , 2003)
IEEE 802.11n 300/ (2,4 5, 2009)

IEEE 802.11b+
IEEE 802.11G Turbo (Super) 108/

MikroTik - Nstream
MikroTik - Nstream Dual
MikroTik NV2
5
- IEEE 802.11b

,
IEEE 802.11
2,4

(DSSS)
1, 2, 5.5, 11 /
( 4 6 /),

WEP

6
6
- IEEE 802.11a


5

(OFDM)
54 / (48, 36, 24,
18, 12, 9 6 /),
20 - 24 /
12
WEP,WPA,802.1x

7
7
- IEEE 802.11g

IEEE
802.11b
2.4

(DSSS)

(OFDM)
54 /,
20 - 24 /

WPA (Wi Fi Protected Access),
802.1x
8
8
802.11n

9
9
802.11n
2.4 5.0 .
600
/ ( 4 )
MIMO (Multiple Input
Multiple Output, /).
20 40 .
a/b/g

10
1
11
1
MIMO

,
. Spatial Division
Multiplexing (SDM)
,
.
MIMO ,
/, .
12
1

13
1
REC7003E

14
1
- (2,4) REC7003E

15
1
16
1
802.11a Channels

LA
B
36 40 42 44 48 50 52 56 58 60 64

5210 5250 5290

5150 5180 5200 5220 5240 5260 5280 5300 5320 5350

149 152 153 157 160 161

5760 5800

5735 5745 5765 5785 5805 5815

(12) 20 MHz wide channels


(5) 40MHz wide turbo channels
17
1351



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(, ) ,
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S,
D, ..

S + D.

:

R, S D ,
? .

:

R ,
- , - .


:

MAC-
WEP, WPA,WPA2

802.1x
VPN
,


MikroTik RouterOS

2.4GHz: 2312 - 2499 MHz


5GHz: 4920 - 6100 MHz


wireless
MTCNA
Point-to-multipoint
WDS
Point-to-point

Wireless Configuration


RADIO Name

RADIO Name

router identity
RADIO Name :
(X) +

32
3

(station)
(Station)


mode=station
band ()
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity


, SSID,

scan-list

34
3
(Station)

mode=station
band ()
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity


, SSID,

scan-list

35
3
(Station)

mode=station
band ()
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity


, SSID,

scan-list

36
3
(Station)


mode=station
band ()
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity


, SSID,

scan-list

37
3
Station Configuration - scan

38
()
3
LA
Station Configuration Lab

B
Trainers (AP)
Scan
(R)

39
3
Connect List


(access-point) 40
4
LA
Connect List Lab

B

(access-
point)


connect-list

41
4

(Access point)
Access Point Configuration


mode=ap-bridge
Select band
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity
Frequency

43
4
Access Point Configuration


mode=ap-bridge
Select band
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity
Frequency

44
4
Access Point Configuration


mode=ap-bridge
Select band
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity
Frequency

45
4
Access Point Configuration


mode=ap-bridge
Select band
SSID, Wireless
Network Identity
Frequency

46
4
Snooper wireless monitor

Snooper,



,





47
4
Wireless AP( )

LA
B
and Station


(AP),


wlan1,
2Ghz, c SSID AP_Y_X, Y
, X
.

wlan1 station

.
48
4
Registration Table



49
4
Registration Table

50
5
Security on Access Point

Access-list
51
MAC-address 5
Security on Access Point

Default-
Authentication




Access-list

52
5
Default Authentication

Yes, Access-List ,


No,
Access-List

53
5
LA
Access-List Lab

B

station
SSID AP_Trainers

54
5
Security



WPA WPA2


55
5
Security

LA
B

WPA


WPA Pre-Shared Key
mikrotiktraining

56
5

Default-Forwarding



57
5
Default Forwarding

Access-List

,
access-list

58
5
802.11n
data-rates / HT-MCS
HT - (High Throughput)

802.11n
MCS (Modulation and Coding
Scheme). MCS - ,
( 77
).
(Type),
(Coding Rate), (Short
Guard Interval) .

(PHY) ,
6,5 / 600 /

59
5
60
6
802.11n

HT chains

TX RX

61
6
802.11n

HT guard interval

( ,
).
-
Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI)
( ).

802.11b/g 800 ,
802.11n 400 .

any = 400ns long = 800ns


62
6
MikroTik wireless protocol

Nstream

Nsteram Dual

NV2 (TDMA)
63
6
Nstreme


MikroTik
,
,

,


64
6
LA
Nstreme Lab

B

Nstreme

Nstreme

()

65
6
Nstreme Dual

MikroTik

,
,

Nstream2
-
.
Demo Video
66
6
NV2
MikroTik
TDMA

TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) -


(Time division
multiple access, TDMA) -
,

.
,

- ( )


() TDMA!
67
6
Summary

68
6
Bridging

69
6
Bridge Wireless Network

Class AP
Your Laptop Your Router

192.168.X 192.168.X.2
.1 54
DHCP-Client
Lets get back to our configuration
70
7
Bridge Wireless Network

We are going to create


one big network

71
7
Bridge Wireless Network

We are going to create


one big network

72
7
Bridge

bridge

73
7
Bridge

bridge
bridge

bridge
ports

74
7
Bridge

75
7
Bridge - demo

76
7
Bridge

Ethernet

Wireless Clients (mode=station)
bridging
802.11

77
7
Bridge Wireless

WDS wireless
bridge
WDS (Wireless Distribution System)
Access
Point Access Point

78
7
WDS

Station-wds





WDS

79
7
Add Bridge Ports





bridge
Ether1 (local),
wlan1 (public)

80
8
Access Point WDS

WDS AP-bridge,
mode=dynamic-mesh
WDS

Use default bridge for WDS interfaces
Wireless Interface
Bridge

81
8
AP-bridge

Set AP-bridge
settings
Add Wireless
interface to bridge

82
8
WDS configuration

Use dynamic-mesh
WDS mode
WDS interfaces are
created on the fly
Others AP should use
dynamic-mesh too

83
8
WDS

WDS link is
established
Dynamic interface
is present

84
8
LA
WDS Lab

B
masquerade
DHCP-client wlan1

mode=station-wds

DHCP
,
192.168.111.0/24

85
8