Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 45

# ,

,
,

.
?

## 2NO + O 2 2NO 2 G 0 = 157 ,

2H 2 + O 2 2H 2 O G 0 = 456 ,

(1) ,
(2) .

, ,
,
.

,

.

- ( )
( )
( ).

:
+ + DD

1 dC A 1 dCB
V
A d B d
1 dC C 1 dCD

C d D d

CA + + DD
2 1
C2 > C1 V.
t 2 t1 t

C1
2 1
C2 C2 < C 1 V.
t2 t1 t

t1 t2 t

-

, ,

( )
,
:

1.
2.
3.

4.
5.

:
: + C+ DD

= k CAnA CBnB ,

,
k
nA, nB
n = nA + nB
K
-

, 1 /,
k [A] = [B] =1
K

K,

.
,
, .

n = 0, 1, 2,3,,

, ,

nA, =A, nB =B , n = A + B

,
,
.

- , ,
, ,
.

()
,

= k CAA CB B

( )
,

.

.
:
,

,
.

C
d
Ci tg
dt

ti t

. : AB

dC
d
kC

1) ()
= - dC / dt = k (C0/2)
- dC/ (C0/2) = k dt
ln (C0 / (C0/2) = k t => t = ln2 / k

2)

ln ( C0 / (C0 Co) ) = k t => t = ln (1 / (1-) ) / k

3)
0 => t
.

..

,

,
.

( )
,

,

.
(, /)

,
.
: Ea RT Ea RT
k p z e A e
k ,
,
p ;
z 1 3 ;
,
R ,
T

,

-

'

Ea()
()
E. +
> 0
. +

()> () -
-

'

. +

. + H < 0

-

,
/

A2 + B2 2AB - Ea [ 60 - 240]

A + A A2 , Ea [ 1- 60 ]

A+ + - AB , Ea [ 0; ]

I I
+ 2 HI
I I

= 168 . = 571

E
k A RT

Ea 1
ln k ln A
R T
Ea
tg =
R
lnk

lnA Ea = tg R

1/T

-:
10

2-4
2 / 1 = n,

n = (2 1)/10

-
(1864 .) (1889 .)

10
24

(
),

,

()

-

, .

- ,
,
.

.
E .

k . A RT

Kat

Kat

+
++

+
. .

1)
.
2)
.
3) ,

.
4) .
5)
.

,
.

V

S

l

,
(
). .
.
:
1.

2. pH
3.
4.
5.

A B C
k1 k2

A L X

,

(2 > 1)

() .

,
.
A
K1
L
A M
K2

K1

## 2 KClO3 KCl KClO4 O2

K2

.

.
,
, ,
, (..
).

()

2-
. .

()

, - ..

:
. ():
l2 + h > 2 l

. :
2 + l >
l +
+ l2 > l + l

. ():
+ > 2
l + l > l2
+ l > l

.

-
CH2(COOH)2 + 4H2O2MnSO ,KIO
3CO2 + 6H2O
4 3

2 3
H O Mn
CH2(COOH)2 + HIO3 Mn HI-
2 2

H2O2 H2O2
I2

I2
( I< 0,4 ) ( I< 0,4 )
2 2

1 (III),
KBrO3
HO(O)C-CH(Br) C(O)OH.

.
2
3 .

4 -

Kat

62 + 62 + n h 6126 + 62
-

>> 1
H2 + Cl2 = 2HCl = 105
. 7.
1.
)
)

## 1) H() + CH3() CH4()

2) HI() + C2H4() C2H5I()

: ) 1) = 1-60
) 2) -
= 100-160
2. , ,

.
,
.

## 2() + 2NO() 2NO2 [NO]

4

1 = kC2CNO2
n2=1; nNO=2; n.= n2+ nNO = 3 =

2 = kC 2(4CNO)2 = 16 1

: 16 .
.
3. ,
+
, .

20 ,
- () 2.

, % k, .-1
45 0,066
= 0,45 0 =>
1 = (1/k)ln [C0 /(0-0,45C0)] = (1/0,066)ln1,82 = 0,91 .

## 2/ 1 = 20/10 = 22=4 =>

2 = 0,91/4 = 0,23 .

: 0,91 .; 0,23 .

## Нижнее меню

### Получите наши бесплатные приложения

Авторское право © 2021 Scribd Inc.