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Problems in Momentum Transfer

Presented by
Tugaoen, Sam Denielle S.
4Che-C
Problem #1
Water stored in a large, well insulated storage tank at 21C and
atmospheric pressure, is being pumped at steady state from this tank by a
pump at the rate of 40 cubic meters per hour. The motor driving the
pump supplies energy at the rate of 8.5 kW. The water is used as a cooling
medium and passes through a heat exchanger where 255 kW of heat is
added to the water. The heated water then flows to a second, large
vented tank, which is 25 meters above the first tank. Determine the final
temperature of the water delivered to the second tank.

Source: Geankoplis Problem 2.7-6


Problem #1
Given:
3 3
= 40 = 0.011

W = 8.5 kW
Q = 225 kW
Height = 25
Initial Temperature = 21C
Density of water at 21C = 998 kilograms per cubic meter
Enthalpy of water at 21C = 88.14 kilojoules per kilogram
Problem #1
3 1 998
= 1 = 2 = 40 3
= 11.089
3600

8.5 /
= = 0.7665

11.089

225 /
= = 20.29 /
11.089 /
Problem #1
1 2
+ + 9.81 = +
2
1000
2 1 + 0 + 25 9.81 = (20.29 0.7665)( )
1

2 = 107418.25 = 107.41825

= = 107.41825 88.14

= 19.8725

Problem #1
1000
19.8725 (11.089 ) = 11.089 (1)(4184 )(2 21)
1

2 = 25.7496
Problem #2
Water at 298 K discharges from a nozzle and travels horizontally hitting a
flat vertical wall. The nozzle has a diameter of 12 millimeters and the
water leaves the nozzle with a flat velocity profile at a velocity of 6.0
meters per second. Neglecting frictional resistance of the air on the jet,
calculate the force in Newtons on the wall .

Source: Geankoplis Problem 2.8-3


Problem #2
Given:
Velocity = 6 m/s
Density of water at 25C = 997.042 kilograms per cubic meter
Diameter of nozzle = 12 millimeters = 0.012 meters

Source: Geankoplis Problem 2.8-3


Problem #2
Solution:

= = 7888 > 2100 therefore = 1.0

2
= = 6 0.012 997.042 3 = 0.6766
4

= 2 = 0.6766 6 = 4.059

Problem #3
Water flows through a pipe
reducer. The static Pressures are at
(1) and (2) are measured by the
inverted U-tube manometer
containing oil of specific gravity of
SG less than unity. Determine the
manometer reading h.
Problem #3
= 1 = 2

41 42
1 = 2 =
(1 )2 (2 )2

(2 1 ) (2 )2 (1 )2
+ 2 1 9.81 + =0
2

1 2 = + + 2 1
Problem #3
Substituting

+ + 2 1
(2 )2 (1 )2
= 2 1 +
2(9.81)
2 1 + 1
16 2 1
= 2 1 + 2 ( 4 )
2
Problem #3
Solving for h:

162 1 1
= 2 4 ( )
2 1
Problem #2
Air flows steadily through the
variable area pipe. Determine the
flow rate if viscous and
compressibility effects are
negligible