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SEMINAR ON

PRE ENGINEERED BUILDINGS

Concept , Design
&
Construction
By
Prasad Bishetti
INTRODUCTION
Pre-determined inventory of raw materials that can satisfy a
wide range of structural and aesthetic design requirements.

Pre-Engineered Buildings can be adapted to suit a wide


variety of structural applications, the greatest economy will
be realized when utilizing standard details. An efficiently
designed Pre-Engineered Building can be lighter that the
conventional steel buildings by up to 30%.
These are the structures basically produced at the factory
with high tensile steel material by collecting complete
information of the shed/building (viz; Length, Width,
Height etc,).
The entire design of column, rafters and other accessories
is based on International structural standards and involve
high technical welding and quality production.
BUILDING COMPONENTS
1. Prime Steel Framing Systems
2. Secondary Systems
Secondary structural steel framing system refers to purlins,
girts, eave struts, wind bracing, flange bracing, base angles,
clips and other miscellaneous structural parts.
3. Coated Steel Sheet Products

Colour coated sheets provide excellent resistance to


corrosion and hence has become the most preferred material
for a wide range of construction uses, particularly roofing
and walling.
4. Decking Sheets
Flordec Sheets (Corrugated Sheet for Composite Floor)

Flordec decking sheets are composite floor systems,


constructed with cold-rolled corrugated steel decking
covered with concrete.
Insulation (PEBI)
Uniformly textured inorganic glass fibers bonded together
by a non-water soluble and fire-retardant thermosetting
resin. It is free from coarse fibers and shot due to its
mineral composition.
PEBI is non-toxic and not hazardous to health.
DESIGN OF PRE ENGINEERED
BUILDINGS
The main framing of PEB systems is analyzed by the
stiffness matrix method.
The frame data is assembled based on number of frame
members, number of joints, number of degrees of freedom,
the conditions of restraint and the elastic properties of the
members.
The overall joint stiffness matrix is obtained based on the
above frame data by summation of individual stiffness
matrices considering all possible displacements.
The load vector is then generated based on the loading data
and the unknown displacements are obtained by inverting
the overall joint stiffness matrix and multiplying with the
load vector.
Design Codes

AISC: American institute of steel construction manual

AISI: American iron and steel institute specifications

MBMA: Metal building manufacturers code

ANSI: American national standards institute specifications

ASCE: American society of civil engineers

UBC: Uniform building code

IS: Indian standards


Latest International Codes & Deflection
Design Criteria
DESIGN METHOD: Allowable stress design method is
used as per the AISC specifications.

DEFLECTIONS: Unless otherwise specified, the


deflections will go to MBMA, AISC criteria and standard
industry practices.

PRIMARY FRAMING: Moment resisting frames with


pinned or fixed bases.
SECONDARY FRAMING: Cold formed Z sections or C
sections for purlins or girts designed as continuous beams
spanning over rafters and columns with laps.

LONGITUDANAL STABILITY: Wind load on building


end walls is transferred through roof purlins to braced bays
and carried to the foundations through diagonal bracing.

DESIGN SOFTWARE

The latest software that is used for design is STAAD 2007.


ERECTION SYSTEM

Preparation for Erection


1. Pre Erection checks
2. Receiving Materials at site
3. Unloading Containers

Erection of the Framing


1. Preparation of the First Bay
2. Main frames
3. Mezzanine floors
4. Crane Beams
Sheeting & Trimming

Sheeting preparation

Sheeting the walls

Sheeting the roofs

Miscellaneous trimmings

Fascia
Self weight Self weight
30% lighter More heavy
Primary Member is Primary members are
tapered section Hot rolled I section
Secondary members Secondary members are
are light weight rolled I or C section
framed Z and C which are heavy in
section weight.
Delivery average 6 to 8 Delivery- average 20 to
weeks 26 weeks
Foundation-simple design, Foundation- expensive,
easy to construct & light heavy foundation
wt. required.
Erection cost and time- Erection cost and time-
accurately known 20% more than PEB
Overall price - Higher
Overall price -30%lower
price per square meter.
Architecture-achieved at
Architecture- achieved at
low cost
higher cost
Erection process is easy,
Erection process is slow
fast, step by step
and extensive field labor
is required.
PRE ENGINEERED BUILDING vs
CONCRETE BUILDINGS
APPLICATIONS
Industrial Buildings
Warehouses
Commercial Complexes
Showrooms
Offices
Schools
Indoor Stadiums
Outdoor Stadiums with canopies
Gas Stations
Metro Stations, Bus Terminals, Parking Lots
Primary Health Centers, Angan wadis
And many more
Industrial Indoor Stadiums
Building

Parking lots Railway Station


Aircraft Hangars Metro Station

Wear house High rise Building


ADVANTAGES
Aesthetic Appeal
Faster Completion
Economical
Seismic Resistance
Ease of Expansion
Maintenance Free
Large Clear Spans
Controlled Quality
CONCLUSION

PEB concept has been very successful and well established


in North America, Australia and is presently expanding in
U.K and European countries. PEB construction is 30 to
40% faster than masonary construction. PEB buildings
provide good insulation effect and would be highly suitable
for a tropical country like India.

The pre-engineered building calls for very fast construction


of buildings and with good aesthetic looks and quality
construction. Pre-engineered Buildings can be used
extensively for construction of industrial and residential
buildings.
REFERENCES

KIRBY Building System KUWAIT.


KARTHIK FABRICATORS India P Ltd.
MULTCOLOR PROJECTS India Ltd.
LLOYD INSULATIONS India Ltd
MABANI STEEL LLC, U.A.E
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING at WSP Asia Limited
Philippines
ZAMIL STEEL Building India Pvt.Ltd